Duke Center for Firearms Law
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Repository of Historical Gun Laws

Jurisdiction: New Hampshire

1786 N.H. Laws 409-10, An Act for Forming and Regulating the Militia within this State, and for Repealing All the Laws Heretofore Made for that Purpose, § 7.

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[E]very non-commissioned officer and soldier, both in the alarm list and training band, shall be provided, and have constantly in readiness, a good musket, and a bayonet fitted thereto, with a good scabbard and belt, a worm, priming-wire and brush, a c...

[E]very non-commissioned officer and soldier, both in the alarm list and training band, shall be provided, and have constantly in readiness, a good musket, and a bayonet fitted thereto, with a good scabbard and belt, a worm, priming-wire and brush, a cartridge-box that will hold at least twenty-four rounds, six flints, and a pound of powder, forty leaden balls fitted to his gun, a knap sack, a blanket, and a canteen that will hold one quart.

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1786 N.H. Laws 383-84, An Act to Prevent the Keeping of Large Quantities of Gun-Powder in Private Houses in Portsmouth, and for Appointing a Keeper of the Magazine Belonging to Said Town.

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That if any person or persons, shall keep in any dwelling-house, store or other buildings, on land, within the limits of said Portsmouth, except the magazine aforesaid, more than ten pounds of gun-powder at any one time, which ten pounds shall be kept ...

That if any person or persons, shall keep in any dwelling-house, store or other buildings, on land, within the limits of said Portsmouth, except the magazine aforesaid, more than ten pounds of gun-powder at any one time, which ten pounds shall be kept in a tin canister properly secured for that purpose, such person or persons shall forfeit the powder so kept, to the firewards of said Portsmouth to be laid out by them in purchasing such utensils as they may judge proper for the extinguishing of the fire; and the said firewards are hereby directed and empowered to seize, and cause the same to be condemned in any Court of Law or Record proper to hear and try the same, to be disposed of for the purchase aforesaid. And the offender shall also forfeit and pay a fine for the use of the poor of said Portsmouth, equal to the value of the powder so kept in any store, dwelling-house, or building; which fine, shall be sued for and recovered by the overseers of the poor of said Portsmouth, for the use of said poor, in any Court of Law proper to try the same.

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N.H. Const. (1776)

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That general and field officers of the militia, on any vacancy, be appointed by the two houses, and all inferior officers be chosen by the respective companies.

1759-76 N.H. Laws 115-16, An Act in Addition to the Act for Regulating the Militia.

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[N]o person or persons whatever in any town or garrison within this province, shall during the time of war, or of keeping a military watch in such town or garrison, presume to discharge or shoot off any gun or guns after sun-setting, or before the sun'...

[N]o person or persons whatever in any town or garrison within this province, shall during the time of war, or of keeping a military watch in such town or garrison, presume to discharge or shoot off any gun or guns after sun-setting, or before the sun’s-rising, unless in case of alarm, approach of an enemy, or other necessary defense; on pain that every person so offending, and being thereof convicted before one or more of his Majesty’s justices of the peace for this province, shall forfeit and pay the sum of five shillings, for each gun so discharged; one moiety thereof to the use of the poor of the town where the offence is committed, and the other moiety to him or them that shall inform or prosecute for the same. And if such offender shall not be able to pay the said fine, then he shall be set in the stocks by the space of two hours.

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1759-76 N.H. Laws 63, An Act about Powder Money.

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That every foreign ship or vessel above thirty tons, coming into any port or part of this province from over the sea to trade or traffick [sic], all or the major part of the owners whereof are not actually inhabitants of this province, shall, every voy...

That every foreign ship or vessel above thirty tons, coming into any port or part of this province from over the sea to trade or traffick [sic], all or the major part of the owners whereof are not actually inhabitants of this province, shall, every voyage they make, pay two shillings in money per ton, or one pound of good gunpowder, for the supply of his Majesty’s fort and fortifications within this province, to be received by the treasurer, or such other person or persons as shall be appointed to receive the same.

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