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1631 Va. Acts 174, Acts Of February 24th, 1631, Act LVI, available at https://archive.org/details/statutesatlargeb01virg

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It is ordered and appointed, that the commanders of all the several plantations, do upon holy days exercise the men under his command, and that the commanders yearly do likewise upon the first day of December, take a muster of their men, together with ...

It is ordered and appointed, that the commanders of all the several plantations, do upon holy days exercise the men under his command, and that the commanders yearly do likewise upon the first day of December, take a muster of their men, together with the women and children, and their ages, countries, and towns, where they were born, with the ships they came in, and year of the Lord, as also of arms and munition . . .

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William Waller Hening, The Statutes at Large : being a Collection of All the Laws of Virginia, from the First Session of the Legislature, in the year 1619. Published Pursuant to an Act of the General Assembly of Virginia, Passed on the Fifth Day of February One Thousand Eight Hundred and Eight. Vol. 1., 13 vols. Page 263, Image 287 (Vol. 1, 1823) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[Act XLI, (1642-43). It is enacted and confirmed that masters of every family shall bring with them to church on Sundays one fixed and serviceable gun with sufficient powder and shot upon penalty of ten pounds of Tobacco for every master of a family so...

[Act XLI, (1642-43). It is enacted and confirmed that masters of every family shall bring with them to church on Sundays one fixed and serviceable gun with sufficient powder and shot upon penalty of ten pounds of Tobacco for every master of a family so offending to be disposed of by the church wardens who shall levy it by distress, and servants being commanded and yet omitting shall receive twenty lashes on his or her bare shoulders, by order from the county courts where he or they shall live.]

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1651 Va. Acts 365, Articles At The Surrender Of The Country, art. 13, available at https://archive.org/details/statutesatlargeb01virg

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Articles Agreed On And Concluded At James City In Virginia For The Surrendering And Settling Of That Plantation Under The Obedience And Government Of The Commonwealth Of England . . . Art. 13: That all ammunition, powder and arms, other than for privat...

Articles Agreed On And Concluded At James City In Virginia For The Surrendering And Settling Of That Plantation Under The Obedience And Government Of The Commonwealth Of England . . . Art. 13: That all ammunition, powder and arms, other than for private use shall be delivered up, security being given to make satisfaction for it.

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1652 N.Y. Laws 128 Ordinance of the Director and Council of New Netherland Against Illegal Trade In Powder, Lead And Guns In New Netherland By Private Persons

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An act prohibited the Illegal Trade in Powder, Lead and Guns, however the exact text has been lost to history.

The Public Records Of The Colony Of Connecticut, Prior To The Union With New Haven Colony, May, 1665 Page 79, Image 91 (1850) available atThe Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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It is ordered, that no man within this Jurisdiction shall directly or indirectly amend, repair, or cause to be amended or repaired, any gun small or great belonging to any Indian, nor shall endure the same, nor shall sell or give to any Indian, directl...

It is ordered, that no man within this Jurisdiction shall directly or indirectly amend, repair, or cause to be amended or repaired, any gun small or great belonging to any Indian, nor shall endure the same, nor shall sell or give to any Indian, directly or indirectly, any such gun or gunpowder, or shot, or lead, or mold, or military weapons, or armor, nor shall make any arrow heads, upon pain of a ten pound fine for every offense at least, nor sell nor barter any guns, powder, bullets or lead, whereby this order might be evaded, to any person inhabiting out of this Jurisdiction, without license of this or the particular court, or some two magistrates, upon pain of ten pound for every gun, five pound for every pound of powder, 40s for every pound of bullets or lead, and so proportionately for any greater or lesser quantity.

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22 Car. 2, c.25, § 3 (1671)

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No person who had not lands of the yearly value of 100 pounds other than the son and heir of an esquire or other person of higher degree, should be allowed to own a gun.

Charter To William Penn, And Laws Of The Province Of Pennsylvania, Passed Between The Years 1682 And 1700 Page 32, Image 37 (1879) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Laws of the Duke of York, Indians (1676). No person shall sell give or barter directly or indirectly any gun or guns powder, bullet, shot, lead nor any vessel of burthen, or row boat canoes only excepted without license first had and obtained under the...

Laws of the Duke of York, Indians (1676). No person shall sell give or barter directly or indirectly any gun or guns powder, bullet, shot, lead nor any vessel of burthen, or row boat canoes only excepted without license first had and obtained under the Governor’s hand and Seal, to any Indian whatsoever, nor to any person inhabiting out of this government nor shall amend or repair any gun belonging to any Indian, nor shall sell any armor or weapons, upon penalty of ten pounds for every gun, armor, weapons, vessel or boat, so sold given or bartered, five pounds for every pound of shot or lead and proportionally for any greater or lesser quantity.

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The Colonial Laws Of New York From The Year 1664 To The Revolution, Including The Charters To The Duke Of York, The Commissions And Instructions To Colonial Governors, The Dukes Laws, The Laws Of The Dongan And Leisler Assemblies, The Charters Of Albany And New York And The Acts Of The Colonial Legislatures From 1691 To 1775 Inclusive Page 40-41, Image 62-63 (1896) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Laws of the Colony of New York, Indians. No person shall sell, give or barter directly or indirectly any gun or guns, powder, bullet, shot, lead nor any vessel or burthen, or row boat, canoes only excepted without license first had and obtained under t...

Laws of the Colony of New York, Indians. No person shall sell, give or barter directly or indirectly any gun or guns, powder, bullet, shot, lead nor any vessel or burthen, or row boat, canoes only excepted without license first had and obtained under the governors hand and seal to any Indian whatsoever, nor to any person inhabiting out of this Government, nor shall amend or repair any gun belonging to any Indian, nor shall sell any armor or weapons, upon penalty of ten pounds for every gun, armor, weapon, vessel, or boat so sold given or bartered, five pounds for every for every pound of powder, and forty shillings for every pound of shot or lead and proportionately for any greater or lesser quantity.

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1759-76 N.H. Laws 63, An Act about Powder Money.

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That every foreign ship or vessel above thirty tons, coming into any port or part of this province from over the sea to trade or traffick [sic], all or the major part of the owners whereof are not actually inhabitants of this province, shall, every voy...

That every foreign ship or vessel above thirty tons, coming into any port or part of this province from over the sea to trade or traffick [sic], all or the major part of the owners whereof are not actually inhabitants of this province, shall, every voyage they make, pay two shillings in money per ton, or one pound of good gunpowder, for the supply of his Majesty’s fort and fortifications within this province, to be received by the treasurer, or such other person or persons as shall be appointed to receive the same.

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Laws, Statutes, Ordinances and Constitutions, Ordained, Made and Established, by the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty, of the City of New York, Convened in Common-Council, for the Good Rule and Government of the Inhabitants and Residents of the Said City Page 18-19, Image 19-20 (1763) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[Ordinances of the City of New York, § XII. And be it further ordained by the authority aforesaid, That the Prices and Rates to be taken by Cart-Men for the carriage of firewood, goods, wares and merchandise, and other things within this city,be a...

[Ordinances of the City of New York, § XII. And be it further ordained by the authority aforesaid, That the Prices and Rates to be taken by Cart-Men for the carriage of firewood, goods, wares and merchandise, and other things within this city,be according to the rates and prices hereafter mentioned, with out any exactions. . . For every load of gunpowder, to or from the powder-house, not exceeding four casks, two shillings and six pence. If less than four casks eighteen pence. If more than four casks three shillings.]

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A Digest of the Laws of the State of Georgia. From Its First Establishment as a British Province down to the Year 1798, Inclusive, and the Principal Acts of 1799: In Which is Comprehended the Declaration of Independence; the State Constitutions of 1777 and 1789, with the Alterations and Amendments in 1794. Also the Constitution of 1798 Page 157, Image 164 (1800) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Laws of Georgia, An Act for the Better Security of the Inhabitants, by Obliging the Male White Persons to Carry Fire Arms to Places of Public Worship. Whereas it is necessary for the security and defence of this province from internal dangers and insur...

Laws of Georgia, An Act for the Better Security of the Inhabitants, by Obliging the Male White Persons to Carry Fire Arms to Places of Public Worship. Whereas it is necessary for the security and defence of this province from internal dangers and insurrections, that all persons resorting to places of public worship shall be obliged to carry fire arms: 1. Be it enacted, That immediately from and after the passing of this act, every male white inhabitant of this province, (the inhabitants of the sea port towns only excepted, who shall not be obliged to carry any other than side arms) who is or shall be liable to bear arms in the militia, either at common musters or times of alarm, and resorting, on any Sunday or other times, to any church, or other place of divine worship within the parish where such person shall reside, shall carry with him a gun, or a pair of pistols, in good order and fit for service, with at least six charges of gun powder and ball, and shall take the said gun or pistols with him to the pew or seat where such person shall sit, remain, or be, within or about the said church or place of worship, under the penalty of ten shillings for every neglect of the same, to be recovered by warrant of distress and sale of the offender’s goods, under the hand and seal of any justice of the peace for the parish where such offense is committed, one half to be paid into the hands of the church wardens, or where there is no church wardens to any justice, for the use of the poor of the said parish, and the other half to him or them that shall give information thereof.

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1806 Va. Acts 51, ch. 94

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Required every “free negro or mulatto” to first obtain a license before carrying or keeping “any fire-lock of any kind, any military weapon, or any powder or lead.”

Chas. Ben. Darwin, Ordinances of the City of Burlington, with Head Notes and an Analytic Index Page 149-150, Image 149-150 (1856) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Burlington City Ordinances, Shooting Batteries, Be it ordained by the Mayor and Aldermen of the City of Burlington, § 1. That when application shall be made to the Mayor and Aldermen of the city of Burlington in council assembled, by any gunsmith ...

Burlington City Ordinances, Shooting Batteries, Be it ordained by the Mayor and Aldermen of the City of Burlington, § 1. That when application shall be made to the Mayor and Aldermen of the city of Burlington in council assembled, by any gunsmith conducting a gun shop in said city, it may be lawful for said Council to authorize the committee on internal improvements to instruct the applicant in what manner and of what materials he shall erect a shooting battery within said city, and said committee are required in all cases when such application is made, to judge of the propriety of erecting such battery upon the ground of the applicant, having special regard to the location. § 2. And be it further ordained, that every shooting battery in said city shall be kept in good and safe condition by the owner or occupant, and upon complaint being made of the insecurity of any shooting battery in said city, it may be lawful to deprive such owner or occupant of the right to use such battery, and subject him to all the penalties applicable to the case of firing guns, etc. under the ordinance on misdemeanors. § 3. That no person other than the gunsmith for whose special benefit this privilege is granted, shall be permitted to shoot at a mark or fire any gun at said battery, and shooting at said battery by said gunsmith shall be allowed by law.

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Anderson Hutchinson, Code of Mississippi: Being an Analytical Compilation of the Public and General Statutes of the Territory and State, with Tabular References to the Local and Private Acts, from 1798 to 1848: With the National and State Constitutions, Cessions of the Country by the Choctaw and Chickasaw Indians, and Acts of Congress for the Survey and Sale of the Lands, and Granting Donations Thereof to the State Page 182, Image 182 (1848) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[Revenue, An Act to Amend and Reduce into one the several Acts in Relation to the Revunue of this State, and for other purposes – February 4, 1844, Rates of Taxation, § 1. . . .A tax of two dollars on each dueling or pocket pistol, except su...

[Revenue, An Act to Amend and Reduce into one the several Acts in Relation to the Revunue of this State, and for other purposes – February 4, 1844, Rates of Taxation, § 1. . . .A tax of two dollars on each dueling or pocket pistol, except such as are kept for sale by merchants, artisans, or kept for use by military companies. . . ]

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1851 R.I. Pub. Laws 9, An Act In Amendment Of An Act Entitled An Act Relating To Theatrical Exhibitions And Places Of Amusement, §§ 1 and 2

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§ 1. No pistol gallery or rifle gallery, or any other building or enclosure, where fire arms are used for practicing in firing with ball or shot, shall hereafter be kept in the compact part of the town of Newport, under a penalty of two hundr...

§ 1. No pistol gallery or rifle gallery, or any other building or enclosure, where fire arms are used for practicing in firing with ball or shot, shall hereafter be kept in the compact part of the town of Newport, under a penalty of two hundred dollars for the first offence and five hundred dollars for every subsequent offense.; to be recovered, to and for the use of the State, by indictment in any court proper to try the same. And the town council of said town is hereby authorized and directed to define the limits of the compact part of said town, which limits shall be taken and deemed, to all intents under this act, to comprehend the compact part of said town. § 2. The town council of said town is hereby authorized and required to assess, levy and collect a tax not exceeding two hundred dollars per annum on any person who shall own or keep a pistol gallery, rifle gallery, or other building or enclosure, referred to in the preceding section, which tax shall be collected and appropriated in the same manner as is provided in the fifth section of the act of which this is in amendment in regard to the tax therein mentioned.

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Ordinances and Joint Resolutions of the City of San Francisco; Together with a List of the Officers of the City and County, and Rules and Orders of the Common Council Page 220, Image 256 (1854) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Ordinances of the [City of San Francisco], § 13. Every person, house, or firm engaged in keeping a pistol or rifle shooting gallery, shall pay for a license to carry on the same, the sum of ten dollars per quarter, in addition to the amount of the...

Ordinances of the [City of San Francisco], § 13. Every person, house, or firm engaged in keeping a pistol or rifle shooting gallery, shall pay for a license to carry on the same, the sum of ten dollars per quarter, in addition to the amount of the powder license.

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1856-1857 N.C. Sess. Laws 34, Pub. Laws, An Act Entitled “Revenue,” ch. 34, § 23, pt. 4.

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On every pistol, except such as are used exclusively for mustering, and on every bowie-knife, one dollar and twenty five cents; on dirks and swordcanes, sixty five cents: Provided, however, That of said arms, only such shall be taxable, as at some time...

On every pistol, except such as are used exclusively for mustering, and on every bowie-knife, one dollar and twenty five cents; on dirks and swordcanes, sixty five cents: Provided, however, That of said arms, only such shall be taxable, as at some time within the year have been used, worn or carried about the person of the owner, or of some other, by his consent.

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John W.A. Sanford, The Code of the City of Montgomery, Prepared in Pursuance of an Order of the City Council of Montgomery Page 7-9, Image 12 (1861) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[An Act to Incorporate the City of Montgomery, Approved December 23d, 1837] § 6. And be it further enacted, That the said Mayor and Aldermen, shall have power and authority for the ordinary current expenses of said city, to assess, levy and collec...

[An Act to Incorporate the City of Montgomery, Approved December 23d, 1837] § 6. And be it further enacted, That the said Mayor and Aldermen, shall have power and authority for the ordinary current expenses of said city, to assess, levy and collect annually, a tax on. . . pistol galleries, fifty dollars…

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Henry Jefferson Leovy, The Laws and General Ordinances of the City of New Orleans, Together with the Acts of the Legislature, Decisions of the Supreme Court, and Constitutional Provisions, Relating to the City Government. Revised and Digested, Pursuant to an Order of the Common Council Page 242, Image 268 (1857) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[Ordinances of the City of New dueOrleans,] Revenue – Taxes and Licenses, § No. 680. Every keeper of a pistol gallery, the whole tax being levied on each and every gallery, sixty dollars.

1858-1859 N.C. Sess. Laws 34-36, Pub. Laws, An Act Entitled Revenue, chap. 25, § 27, pt. 15.

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The following subjects shall be annually listed, and be taxed the amounts specified: . . . Every dirk, bowie-knife, pistol, sword-cane, dirk-cane and rifle cane, used or worn about the person of any one at any time during the year, one dollar and twent...

The following subjects shall be annually listed, and be taxed the amounts specified: . . . Every dirk, bowie-knife, pistol, sword-cane, dirk-cane and rifle cane, used or worn about the person of any one at any time during the year, one dollar and twenty-five cents. Arms used for mustering shall be exempt from taxation.

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Hans Peter Mareus Neilsen Gammel, The Laws of Texas, 1822-1897. Austin’s Colonization Law and Contract; Mexican Constitution of 1824; Federal Colonization Law; Colonization Laws of Coahuila and Texas; Colonization Law of State of Tamaulipas; Fredonian Declaration of Independence; Laws and Decrees, with Constitution of Coahuila and Texas; San Felipe Convention; Journals of the Consultation; Proceedings of the General Council; Goliad Declaration of Independence; Journals of the Convention at Washington; Ordinances and Decrees of the Consultation; Declaration of Independence; Constitution of the Republic; Laws, General and Special, of the Republic; Annexation Resolution of the United Sates; Ratification of the same by Texas; Constitution of the United States; Constitutions of the State of Texas, with All the Laws, General and Special passed thereunder, Including Ordinances, Decrees, and Resolutions, with the Constitution of the Confederate States and the Reconstruction Acts of Congress. Vol. 5., 10 vols. Page 121, Image 136 (Vol. 5, 1898) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Laws of the State of Texas, An Act Authorizing the Corporate Authorities of the Town of Dangerfield, Fairfield and Springfield, to tax ten pin alleys, billiard tables and pistol galleries [(1860)]. § 1 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the State...

Laws of the State of Texas, An Act Authorizing the Corporate Authorities of the Town of Dangerfield, Fairfield and Springfield, to tax ten pin alleys, billiard tables and pistol galleries [(1860)]. § 1 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the State of Texas, That the corporate authorities of the Town of Dangerfield, in Titus county, Fairfield, in Freestone county, and Springfield in Limestone county, Texas, be and they are hereby authorized to levy a tax, of not more than five hundred dollars per annum, on ten pin alleys, billiard tables or pistol galleries, to be paid before any such alley, table or gallery is put in operation. § 2. That this authority shall extend to alleys on which ten or any number of pins are used; and this act shall take effect from its passage.

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William H. Bridges, Digest of the Charters and Ordinances of the City of Memphis, Together with the Acts of the Legislature Relating to the City, with an Appendix Page 148-149, Image 149-150 (1863) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[Ordinances of the City of Memphis, Shooting Galleries, § 1. That no person or persons shall set up or use any pistol gallery, or place for the discharging of pistols, guns or other firearms in the first story of any building in the city; nor shal...

[Ordinances of the City of Memphis, Shooting Galleries, § 1. That no person or persons shall set up or use any pistol gallery, or place for the discharging of pistols, guns or other firearms in the first story of any building in the city; nor shall any gallery be used in any manner involving risk or danger to any person in the city; nor shall any person setting up or using such pistol gallery be exempt from the ordinance and penalties now in force, for discharging or shooting any pistol, gun or firearms within the city limits, until such person or persons have applied and paid for license to set up and use such pistol gallery, according to the provisions of this ordinance. § 2. That the person or persons applying for license to keep such pistol gallery, shall, at the time of obtaining such license, enter into bond with good security, to be approved by the City Register, in the sum of three thousand dollars, payable as other city bonds, conditioned that no gambling of any kind be permitted in such pistol gallery, or in the room used for such pistol gallery, or any room adjacent thereto, under the control and connected with said pistol gallery, or its proprietors or keepers; and that all shooting or discharging of firearms shall be done only with the perfect security against any harm to persons or property in the vicinity of such pistol gallery; such penalty to be recoverable for every violation of this section of this ordinance, and of the conditions of said bond. § 3. That the proprietors or persons keeping such pistol gallery shall not permit any minors to shoot in such gallery without the written consent of the lawful guardian of such minor, unless such guardian be personally present, and consenting to such shooting; nor shall the proprietors or keepers of such gallery permit any shooting in the same after eleven o’clock at night, or on Sunday, nor shall such shooting gallery be allowed to be kept open for shooting after eleven o’clock at night or on Sunday. Any violation of this ordinance is hereby declared a misdemeanor, and each offender, on conviction shall be fined in any sum not less than five nor more than fifty dollars for any violation of this ordinance, recoverable as other fines. § 4. Any person or persons shall before putting up or using such pistol or shooting gallery, first apply for, and obtain license, as other licenses are obtained, and shall pay for such license the sum of one hundred dollars per annum for each and every pistol or shooting gallery establishment under the provision of this ordinance. § 5. That the board of Mayor and Aldermen retain the power and right to, at any time, repeal this ordinance and revoke and recall any license to keep a pistol gallery, by refunding a pro rata part of the amount paid for any license then outstanding.]

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1866 Ga. Laws 27-28, An Act to Authorize the Justices of the Inferior Courts of Camden, Glynn and Effingham Counties to Levy a Special Tax for County Purposes, and to regulate the same, §§ 3-4.

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§ 1. . . . collect a tax of two dollars per head on each and every dog over the number of three, and one dollar a piece on every gun or pistol, musket or rifle over the number of three kept or owned on any plantation in the counties aforesaid; the...

§ 1. . . . collect a tax of two dollars per head on each and every dog over the number of three, and one dollar a piece on every gun or pistol, musket or rifle over the number of three kept or owned on any plantation in the counties aforesaid; the said tax to be applied to such county purposes as the said courts shall direct. § 2. That the owner of every plantation in said counties shall be required to render, upon oath, a full return of every dog, gun, pistol, musket, or rifle so held or kept as aforesaid, and shall be held responsible for the tax imposed upon them, which tax the said Inferior Courts are hereby authorized and empowered to enforce, as in other cases.

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The Revised Code of Alabama Page 169, Image 185 (1867) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Taxation, § 10. On All pistols or revolvers in the possession of private persons not regular dealers holding them for sale, a tax of two dollars each; and on all bowie knives, or knives of the like description, held by persons not regular dealers,...

Taxation, § 10. On All pistols or revolvers in the possession of private persons not regular dealers holding them for sale, a tax of two dollars each; and on all bowie knives, or knives of the like description, held by persons not regular dealers, as aforesaid, a tax of three dollars each; and such tax must be collected by the assessor when assessing the same, on which a special receipt shall be given to the tax payer therefor, showing that such tax has been paid for the year, and in default of such payment when demanded by the assessor, such pistols, revolvers, bowie knives, or knives of like description, must be seized by him, and unless redeemed by payment in ten days thereafter, with such tax, with an additional penalty of fifty per cent., the same must be sold at public outcry before the court house door, after five days notice; and the overplus remaining, if any, after deducting the tax and penalty aforesaid, must be paid over to the person from whom the said pistol, revolver, bowie knife, or knife of like description, was taken, and the net amount collected by him must be paid over to the collector every month, from which, for each such assessment and collection, the assessor shall be entitled to fifty cents, and when the additional penalty is collected, he shall receive fifty per cent. additional thereto.

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1867 Miss. Laws 327-28, An Act To Tax Guns And Pistols in The County Of Washington, ch. 249, § 1.

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[A] tax of not less than five dollars or more than fifteen dollars shall be levied and assessed annually by the board of Police of Washington county upon every gun and pistol which may be in the possession of any person in said county, which tax shall ...

[A] tax of not less than five dollars or more than fifteen dollars shall be levied and assessed annually by the board of Police of Washington county upon every gun and pistol which may be in the possession of any person in said county, which tax shall be payable at any time on demand, by the Sheriff, and if not so paid, it shall be the duty of the Sheriff to forthwith distrain and seize such gun or pistol, and sell the same for cash at the door of the Court House, after giving ten days notice by advertisement, posted in front of said Court House, and out of the proceeds of such sale, there shall be paid the amount of such tax and the cost of sale, and if any surplus remains, it shall be paid to the owner of such gun or pistol. The amount of the tax so assessed and collected, shall be paid to the county Treasurer, and shall constitute a part of the bridge fund of said county.

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1870 La. Acts 127, Persons, Trades, Professions and Occupations Subject to Taxation, § 3, pt. 6.

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From each proprietor or keeper of every billiard saloon, bowling alley or pistol gallery, in which there is but one table, alley or target, twenty-five dollars; where there are two tables, alleys or targets, forty dollars; where there are more than two...

From each proprietor or keeper of every billiard saloon, bowling alley or pistol gallery, in which there is but one table, alley or target, twenty-five dollars; where there are two tables, alleys or targets, forty dollars; where there are more than two tables, alleys or targets, ten dollars additional on each table, alley or target.

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1870 Haw. Sess. Laws 26, An Act to License the Carrying of Fowling Pieces and Other Fire-arms, chap. 20, §§ 1 to 3.

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§ 1. That the Minister of the Interior may at any time license for a term of one year, any applicant for such license to use and carry fire-arms for sporting purposes, in the District of Kona, Island of Oahu, on receiving for such license the sum ...

§ 1. That the Minister of the Interior may at any time license for a term of one year, any applicant for such license to use and carry fire-arms for sporting purposes, in the District of Kona, Island of Oahu, on receiving for such license the sum of Five Dollars. § 2. Any person in said District who shall use or carry for sporting purposes, any gun, carbine, rifle, pistol, or other fire-arms, without having at first obtained a license as hereinbefore provided, shall, upon conviction therefor, before any Police or District Justice, be fined in a sum not to exceed Fifty Dollars for every such offense, and in default of payment of such sum, shall be imprisoned at hard labor, until such fine and costs are paid, according to law. § 3. All such licenses shall be signed by the Minister of the Interior, numbered according to their respective dates and impressed with the seal of his Department, and no such license shall be transferable.

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Charter and Revised Ordinances of the City of Galveston, and All Ordinances in Force to April 2d, 1872 Page 94, Image 107 (1873) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[Ordinances of the City of Galveston, Taxes – License Tax and Ad-Valorem Tax,] Art. 418, § 26. Every keeper of a billiard or other like table, for public use, a tax of twenty dollars for each and every table so kept; and every keeper of a te...

[Ordinances of the City of Galveston, Taxes – License Tax and Ad-Valorem Tax,] Art. 418, § 26. Every keeper of a billiard or other like table, for public use, a tax of twenty dollars for each and every table so kept; and every keeper of a tenpin alley, a tax of thirty dollars for each and every alley so kept for public use. Every keeper of a pistol or rifle gallery, a tax of twenty-five dollars

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Ordinances of Jersey City, Passed By The Board Of Aldermen since May 1, 1871, under the Act Entitled “An Act to Re-organize the Local Government of Jersey City,” Passed March 31, 1871, and the Supplements Thereto Page 86- 87, Image 86-87 (1874) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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An Ordinance In Relation to the Carrying of Dangerous Weapons. The Mayor and Aldermen of Jersey City do ordain as follows: § 1. That with the exceptions made in the second section of this ordinance, no person shall, within the limits of Jersey Cit...

An Ordinance In Relation to the Carrying of Dangerous Weapons. The Mayor and Aldermen of Jersey City do ordain as follows: § 1. That with the exceptions made in the second section of this ordinance, no person shall, within the limits of Jersey City, carry, have or keep on his or her person concealed, any slung-shot, sand-club, metal knuckles, dirk or dagger not contained as a blade of a pocket knife, loaded pistol or other dangerous weapon. § 2. That policemen of Jersey City, when engaged in the performance of police duty, the sheriff and constables of the County of Hudson, and persons having permits, as hereinafter provided for, shall be and are excepted from the prohibitions of the first section of this ordinance. § 3. The Municipal Court of Jersey City may grant permits to carry any of the weapons named in the first section to such persons as should, from the nature of their profession, business or occupation, or from peculiar circumstances, be allowed so to do; and may, in granting such permits, impose such conditions and restrictions in each case as to the court shall seem proper. All applications for permits shall be made in open court, by the applicant in person, and in all cases the court shall require a written endorsement of the propriety of granting a permit from at least three reputable freeholders; nor shall any such permit be granted to any person until the court is satisfied that such person is temperate, of adult age, and capable of exercising self-control . Permits shall not be granted for a period longer than one year, and shall be sealed by the seal of the court. The possession of a permit shall not operate as an excuse unless the terms of the same are strictly complied with. In cases of emergency, permits may be granted by a single Justice of the Municipal Court, or by the Chief of Police, to be in force not longer than thirty days, but such permit shall not be renewable. §4. That no person shall, within the limits of Jersey City, carry any air gun or any sword cane. § 5. The penalty for a violation of this ordinance shall be a fine not exceeding fifty dollars, or imprisonment in the city prison not exceeding ten days, or both fine and imprisonment not exceeding the aforesaid amount and time, in the discretion of the court.

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Lewis Mayer, Revised Code of the Public General Laws of the State of Maryland, with the Constitution of the State Page 173, Image 202 (1879) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Wild Fowl and Game, § 23. The clerk of the Circuit Court for Harford county, and the clerk of the Circuit Court for Cecil county, shall upon the application of any resident of the State of Maryland, being the owner of any sink-box, craft or sneak-...

Wild Fowl and Game, § 23. The clerk of the Circuit Court for Harford county, and the clerk of the Circuit Court for Cecil county, shall upon the application of any resident of the State of Maryland, being the owner of any sink-box, craft or sneak-boat, such as is allowed by this act to be used and employed in shooting at wild water fowl therefrom; and giving satisfactory evidence to said clerk that the said applicant is a resident of the State of Maryland, and is the bona fide owner of the sink-box, craft, or sneak-boat, grant a license under the seal of his court, to such applicant to gun after and shoot at wild water-fowl from such sink-box or sneak-boat northward of the line named and described in first section of this act from the first day of November in each and every year to the thirty-first day of March next succeeding thereafter in each and every year; provided that such license shall not authorize any person using such sink-box or sneak-boat to gun after or shoot at wild water-fowl therefrom within a less distance than half a mile from any shore in Harford or Cecil County, or southward of the line particularly described in the first section of this act.

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J. Nelson Wisner, Ordinances and By-Laws of the Corporation of Martinsburg: Berkeley Co., West Virginia, Including the Act of Incorporation and All Other Acts of a Special or General Nature Page 76, Image 76 (1875) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[Ordinances of Martinsburg,] An Ordinance in Relation to Pistol Galleries, § 1. Be it ordained by the Council of the Corporation of Martinsburg, That no pistol gallery, in which air guns or pistols, or guns or pistols in which are fired powder, is...

[Ordinances of Martinsburg,] An Ordinance in Relation to Pistol Galleries, § 1. Be it ordained by the Council of the Corporation of Martinsburg, That no pistol gallery, in which air guns or pistols, or guns or pistols in which are fired powder, is used, shall be established or carried on within the limits of the Corporation of Martinsburg by any person or persons, until the person or persons desiring to establish or carry on the same shall first obtain from the Mayor, attested by the Clerk of the Corporation, a permit authorizing the person or persons therein named to prosecute said business, and designating the place at which the same is to be carried on. § 2. That the Mayor shall not issue the permit authorized by the first section of this ordinance, unless the building to be used for said pistol gallery, is so detached from adjacent or surrounding private dwellings, that the noise incident to the carrying on of said business, shall not render the said gallery a nuisance to the surrounding or adjacent dwellings. § 3. Any person or persons violating the provisions of this ordinance, shall be fined for the first offense, not less than two nor more than ten dollars, at the discretion of the Mayor, and for any subsequent offence, not less than two or more than thirty dollars, and commitment in the county jail not exceeding thirty days, either or both of said punishment, at the discretion of the Mayor.

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Elliott Fitch Shepard, Ordinances of the Mayor, Aldermen and Commonalty of the City of New York, in Force January 1, 1881; Adopted by the Common Council and Published by Their Authority Page 214-215, Image 214-215 (1881) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Carrying of Pistols, § 264. Every person except judges of the federal, state and city courts, and officers of the general, state and municipal governments authorized by law to make arrests, and persons to whom permits shall have been issued, as he...

Carrying of Pistols, § 264. Every person except judges of the federal, state and city courts, and officers of the general, state and municipal governments authorized by law to make arrests, and persons to whom permits shall have been issued, as hereinafter provided, who shall have in his possession within the city of New York a pistol of any description concealed on his person, or not carried openly, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall be punished, on conviction by a fine not exceeding ten dollars, or, in default of payment of such fine by imprisonment not exceeding ten days. § 265. Any person, except as provided in this article, who has occasion to carry a pistol for his protection, may apply to the officer in command at the station-house of the precinct where he resided, and such officer, if satisfied that the applicant is a proper and law abiding person, shall give said person a recommendation to the superintendent of police, or the inspector in command at the central office in the absence of the superintendent, who shall issue a permit to the said person allowing him to carry a pistol of any description of any description. Any non-resident who does business in the city of New York, and has occasion to carry a pistol while in said city, must make application for permission to do so to the officer in command of the station-house of the police precinct in which his so does business, in the same manner as is required by residents of said city, and shall be subject to the same conditions and restrictions.

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John H. Herry, Digest of the Laws and Ordinances of the City of Little Rock, with the Constitution of the State of Arkansas; General Incorporation Laws; and All Acts of the General Assembly Relating to the City; in Force March 10, 1882 Page 149, Image 334 (1882) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[Ordinances of the] City of Little Rock, [§ 344. That it shall be unlawful for any person to engage in, exercise or pursue any of the following avocations or business without first having obtained and paid for a license therefor from the proper ci...

[Ordinances of the] City of Little Rock, [§ 344. That it shall be unlawful for any person to engage in, exercise or pursue any of the following avocations or business without first having obtained and paid for a license therefor from the proper city authorities the amount of which licenses are hereby fixed as follows, to wit: . . . ]§ 27. Shooting galleries, or pistol galleries, $25 per annum, in advance.

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M. Augustus Daugherty, Supplement to the Revised Statutes of the State of Ohio Containing All the Statutes Amendatory of or Supplementary to the Revised Statutes, Together with the Miscellaneous Acts, General or Permanent in Their Nature, In Force January 1, 1884. 3d ed. Edited by James M. Williams Page 633, Image 641 (1884) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Licenses, § 24. All vendors of gunpowder shall pay a license fee of fifteen (15) dollars per annum. All keepers or owners of gunpowder magazines shall pay a license fee of one hundred (100) dollars per annum.

Merritt Starr & Russell H. Curtis, Annotated Statutes of the State of Illinois in Force (1885), Criminal Code Ch. 38, para. 90.

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All persons dealing in deadly weapons, hereinbefore mentioned, at retail within this State shall keep a register of all such weapons sold or given away by them. Such register shall contain the date of the sale or gift, the name and age of the person to...

All persons dealing in deadly weapons, hereinbefore mentioned, at retail within this State shall keep a register of all such weapons sold or given away by them. Such register shall contain the date of the sale or gift, the name and age of the person to whom the weapon is sold or given, the price of the said weapon, and the purpose for which it is purchased or obtained. The said register shall be in the following form. [Form of Register] Said register is to be kept open for inspection of the public, and all persons who may wish to examine the same may do so at all reasonable times during business hours. A failure to keep such register, or to allow an examination of the same, or to record therein any sale or gift of a deadly weapon, or the keeping of a false register, shall be a misdemeanor, and shall subject the offender to a fine of not less than twenty-five dollars ($25) nor more than two hundred dollars ($200).

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1886 Miss. Laws 19, An Act To Amend § 557 and 585, Code of 1880, so as to Increase the Public Revenue, and Provide for the Faithful Collection of the Same, ch. 2, § 1.

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[Shooting Galleries]. On each shooting gallery or target, gun, or similar contrivance, by whatsoever name called – 25.00.

Geoffrey Andrew Holmes, Compiled Ordinances of the City of Council Bluffs, and Containing the Statutes Applicable to Cities of the First-Class, Organized under the Laws of Iowa Page 168-169, Image 171-172 (1887) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Ordinances, City of Council Bluffs, Shooting Gallery, § 5. No person shall carry on or take part in carrying on any pistol gallery or shooting gallery without license therefor from said city, and the charge for such license shall be ten dollars pe...

Ordinances, City of Council Bluffs, Shooting Gallery, § 5. No person shall carry on or take part in carrying on any pistol gallery or shooting gallery without license therefor from said city, and the charge for such license shall be ten dollars per month, or fifty dollars per annum. §6. No licensee or his employee, or any person in charge of any pin alley, ball alley, pistol gallery or shooting gallery, shall at any time, without gain or profit, permit or allow any minor to be or remain in or about the same to play thereat, under penalty of the same fine and forfeiture as set forth in section 2 of this chapter.

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Henry Smith Kelley, Laws Applicable to and Governing the City of Saint Joseph, Mo., As a City of the Second Class, Contained in the Revised Statutes of 1879, and Subsequent Legislative Enactments; Also the General Ordinances Now in Force, Revised and Made to Conform to the Laws Governing Such Cities Page 192, Image 222 (1888) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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General Ordinances [of the City of St. Joseph], [Amusement-Shows,] Shooting Gallery; license for. -- § 3. No person shall carry on or take part in carrying on, any pistol gallery or shooting gallery, without a license therefor from said city; and ...

General Ordinances [of the City of St. Joseph], [Amusement-Shows,] Shooting Gallery; license for. — § 3. No person shall carry on or take part in carrying on, any pistol gallery or shooting gallery, without a license therefor from said city; and the charge for such license shall be five dollars per month.

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Harry Toulmin, Ordinances of the City of Saint Paul, from May, 1887, to July, 1889 Page 90, Image 90 (1889) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Ordinances of the City of St. Paul, [Establishing and Fixing the License to be Paid to the City of St. Paul for Conducting, Managing or Carrying on Either or any of the Different Branches of Business Hereinafter Mentioned and Limiting the Duration Ther...

Ordinances of the City of St. Paul, [Establishing and Fixing the License to be Paid to the City of St. Paul for Conducting, Managing or Carrying on Either or any of the Different Branches of Business Hereinafter Mentioned and Limiting the Duration Thereof, and Also Repealing Certain Ordinances Herein Named,] § 2. The different and various kinds of business, employments and avocations for which licenses are hereby fixed and established, and the sum and amount of the license for each separate one are as follows, to wit: Gun powder ……………..$15.00.

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Nathan Newmark, The Political Code of the State of California. As Enacted in 1872, and Amended in 1889. With Notes and References to the Decisions of the Supreme Court Page 963 (1889) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[Political Code of the State of California,] Charitable Fund, §153. The Municipal Council shall provide, by ordinance, for the payment into a “Fireman’s Charitable Fund” of such city, or city and county, of all moneys received fo...

[Political Code of the State of California,] Charitable Fund, §153. The Municipal Council shall provide, by ordinance, for the payment into a “Fireman’s Charitable Fund” of such city, or city and county, of all moneys received for licenses for the storage, manufacture, or sale of gunpowder, blasting powder, gun cotton, fireworks, nitro-glycerine, dualine, or any explosive oils or compounds, or as a municipal tax upon the same; also, all fines collected in the Police Court for violations of fire ordinances. Said fund shall be under the direction and control of and subject to such regulations as may be prescribed by the Board of Fire Commissioners.

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General Laws Relating to Incorporated Towns of Indian Territory Page 43, Image 39 (1890) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Revised Ordinances of the Town of Checotah, [An Ordinance Requiring Persons Engaged in Certain Businesses or Avocations to Procure a License for so Doing and Providing of Penalty for Failure so to do, § 1. That the licenses hereinafter named shall...

Revised Ordinances of the Town of Checotah, [An Ordinance Requiring Persons Engaged in Certain Businesses or Avocations to Procure a License for so Doing and Providing of Penalty for Failure so to do, § 1. That the licenses hereinafter named shall be fixed, imposed and collected at the following rates and sums, and it shall be unlawful for any person or persons to exercise or pursue any of the following avocations or businesses within the corporate limits of Checotah without having first obtained a license therefor from the proper authority, having paid for the same in lawful money of the united States as hereinafter provided,] 29th. Pistol or shooting Gallery – For each and every pistol and shooting gallery, per month, five dollars.

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1891 N.Y. Laws 129, 177, An Act to Revise the Charter of the City of Buffalo, ch. 105, tit. 7, ch. 2, § 209.

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No person other than members of the police force, regularly elected constables, the sheriff of Erie county, and his duly appointed deputies, shall, in the city, carry concealed upon or about his person, any pistol or revolver, or other dangerous weapon...

No person other than members of the police force, regularly elected constables, the sheriff of Erie county, and his duly appointed deputies, shall, in the city, carry concealed upon or about his person, any pistol or revolver, or other dangerous weapon or weapons, without first obtaining a permit, as hereinbefore provided; and such permit shall be produced and exhibited by any person holding the same, upon the request of a member of the police force. A violation of any of the provisions of this section shall be a misdemeanor and punishable as such; and all fines imposed and collected for such violations shall be deposited to the credit of said pension fund by the clerk of the court imposing the same.

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William Logan Martin, Commissioner, The Code of Alabama, Adopted by Act of the General Assembly of the State of Alabama, Approved February 16, 1897, Entitled “An Act to Adopt a Code of Laws for the State Alabama ” with Such Statutes Passed at the Session of 1896-97, as are Required to be Incorporated Therein by Act Approved February 17, 1897; and with Citations to the Decisions of the Supreme Court of the State Construing or Mentioning the Statutes Page 1137, Image 1154 (Vol. 1, 1897) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[License Taxes; From Whom and For What Business Required; Prices; County Levy,] Taxation, § 27. For dealers in pistols, or pistol cartridges, or bowie-knives, or dirk-knives, whether principal stock in trade or not, three hundred dollars. Any cart...

[License Taxes; From Whom and For What Business Required; Prices; County Levy,] Taxation, § 27. For dealers in pistols, or pistol cartridges, or bowie-knives, or dirk-knives, whether principal stock in trade or not, three hundred dollars. Any cartridges, whether called rifle or pistol cartridges, or by any other name, that can be used in a pistol, shall be deemed pistol cartridges within the meaning of this subdivision. Any person or firm who orders for another, or delivers any cartridges within this state, shall be deemed a dealer under this provision.

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George W. Hess, Revised Ordinances of the City of Evanston : Also Special Laws and Ordinances of General Interest Page 131-132, Image 143-144 (1893) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Concealed Weapons, §531. It shall be unlawful for any person within the limits of the city of Evanston to carry or wear under his clothes or concealed about his person, any pistol, colt or slung shot, cross knucklet, or knuckles of lead, brass or other m...

Concealed Weapons, §531. It shall be unlawful for any person within the limits of the city of Evanston to carry or wear under his clothes or concealed about his person, any pistol, colt or slung shot, cross knucklet, or knuckles of lead, brass or other metal, or bowie knife, dirk, dagger, or any other dangerous or deadly weapon. . . § 537. The Mayor may grant to so many and such persons as he may think proper, licenses to carry concealed weapons, and may revoke any and all such licenses at his pleasure. § 538. Applications for such licenses shall be made to the city clerk, and when granted, the applicant therefor shall pay to the said clerk, for the use of the city, the sum of two dollars. § 539. Every such license shall state the name, age and occupation and residence of the person to whom it is granted.

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1893 S.C. Acts 426, An Act To Amend An Act Entitled “An Act To Provide For A License For The Sale Of Pistols Or Pistol Cartridges Within The Limits Of This State”, § 2

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. . . That the County Commissioners of the Several Counties of the State be, and they are herby, authorized to issue licenses in their respective Counties for the sale of pistols and pistol cartridges upon the payment to County Treasurer by the person ...

. . . That the County Commissioners of the Several Counties of the State be, and they are herby, authorized to issue licenses in their respective Counties for the sale of pistols and pistol cartridges upon the payment to County Treasurer by the person or corporation so applying for said licenses of the sum of twenty-five dollars annually.

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1894 Ga. Laws 326.

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Treasurer’s Report From Pistol Dealers Tax for 1893 . . . $90.00; From Pistol Dealers Tax for 1894 . . . $2,522.00.

Revision of 1895. The General Ordinances of the City of Indianapolis. Containing also, Acts of the Indiana General Assembly so far as they Control Said City, to which Prefixed a Chronological Roster of Officers from, 1832 to 1895 and Rules Governing the Common Council Page 290-291, Image 372-373 (1895) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Laws and Ordinances [of the City of Indianapolis], An Ordinance Licensing Rifle and Pistol Practice in the City of Indianapolis, § 1. Be it ordained by the Common Council and Board of Aldermen of the City of Indianapolis, That it shall hereafter b...

Laws and Ordinances [of the City of Indianapolis], An Ordinance Licensing Rifle and Pistol Practice in the City of Indianapolis, § 1. Be it ordained by the Common Council and Board of Aldermen of the City of Indianapolis, That it shall hereafter be unlawful for any person to conduct or carry on any shooting gallery or room where rifle or pistol shooting is practiced, in the City of Indianapolis, without first having procured a license so to do, as hereinafter provided. § 2. A license fee of twenty-five dollars for six months and fifty dollars for one year shall be paid by the person conducting such business. Upon the payment of twenty-five dollars to the City Treasurer by any person desiring to carry on such a gallery or room, the City Treasurer shall issue to him a receipt therefor, designating therein what said money is paid for; and upon the surrender thereof to the City Clerk [Comptroller] that officer shall issue to such person a license for the said term of six months; and likewise, upon the payment of fifty dollars, a license for one year shall issue. The Clerk [Comptroller] shall be entitled to charge one dollar for the issue of every such license. Said license shall be in the usual form. § 3. Any person opening or carrying on such a gallery or room without such license shall be fined in any sum not exceeding fifty dollars; and every day’s continuance shall constitute a spate offense.

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1895 Neb. Laws 210, Laws of Nebraska Relating to the City of Lincoln, An Ordinance Regulating and Prohibiting the Use of Fire-arms, Fire-works and Cannon in the City of Lincoln . . . Prescribing Penalties for Violation of the Provisions of This Ordinance, and Repealing Ordinances in Conflict Herewith, Art. XVI, § 6.

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The Mayor may grant to so many and such persons as he may think proper, licenses to carry concealed weapons, and may revoke any and all of such licenses at his pleasure. Every such license shall state the name, age, occupation, and residence, of the pe...

The Mayor may grant to so many and such persons as he may think proper, licenses to carry concealed weapons, and may revoke any and all of such licenses at his pleasure. Every such license shall state the name, age, occupation, and residence, of the person to whom granted, and shall be good for one year. A fee of fifty cents shall be paid therefor to the City Treasurer, and by him placed in the police fund.

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1893 Fla. Laws 71-72, An Act to Regulate the Carrying of Firearms, chap. 4147, §§ 1-4.

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§ 1. That in each and every county of this State, it shall be unlawful to carry or own a Winchester or other repeating rifle or without first taking out a license from the County Commissioner of the respective counties, before such persons shall b...

§ 1. That in each and every county of this State, it shall be unlawful to carry or own a Winchester or other repeating rifle or without first taking out a license from the County Commissioner of the respective counties, before such persons shall be at liberty to carry around with him on his person and in his manual possession such Winchester rifle or other repeating rifle. § 2. The County Commissioners of the respective counties in this State may grant such licenses at any regular or special meeting. § 3. The person taking out such license shall give a bond running to the Governor of the State in the sum of one hundred dollars, conditioned on the proper and legitimate use of the gun with sureties to be approved by the County Commissioners, and at the same time there shall by kept by the County Commissioners granting the same a record of the name of the person taking out such license, the name of the maker of the firearm so licensed to be carried and the caliber and number of the same. § 4. All persons violating the provisions of Section 1 of this Act shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and on conviction shall be fined not exceeding one hundred dollars or imprisonment in the county jail not exceeding sixty days.

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1898 Miss. Laws 22, An Act Creating Privilege Taxes On Certain Industries In Mississippi, ch. 5, § 63.

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Pistol Cartridges: On each firm or dealer in pisol cartridges, capable of being fired in pistols or out of shells, for the manufacture of same – 5.00.