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Subject: Manufacturing, Inspection and Sale of Gunpowder and Firearms

Charles Allen, Report of the Commissioners on the Revision of the Statutes Page 333, Image 30 (Vol. 2, 1881) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Fire Arms, § 18. There shall be in each county, where the manufacture of fire-arms is carried on, provers of fire-arms, not more than six in number, appointed by the governor with the advice and consent of the council, who shall prove all musket b...

Fire Arms, § 18. There shall be in each county, where the manufacture of fire-arms is carried on, provers of fire-arms, not more than six in number, appointed by the governor with the advice and consent of the council, who shall prove all musket barrels and pistol barrels which, being sufficiently ground, bored and breeched, are offered to them to be proved. § 19. All musket barrels and pistol barrels manufactured in this commonwealth shall, before they are sold or stocked, be proved by one of the provers with a ball suited to the bore of the barrel and with a charge of powder equal in weight to the ball. The powder used in such proof shall be such that one ounce thereof in a howitzer of four and a half inch caliber at elevation of forty-five degrees shall be of sufficient power to carry a twelve-pound shot one hundred and thirty yards; or that one ounce therof in a howitzer of five and a half inch caliber at an elevation of forty-five degrees shall be sufficient to carry a twenty-four pound shot eighty yards.

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Egbert Jamieson, The Municipal Code of Chicago: Comprising the Laws of Illinois Relating to the City of Chicago, and the Ordinances of the City Council; Codified and Revised Page 301-304, Image 309-312 (1881) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Ordinances of Chicago, § 1264. No person shall keep, sell or give away any gunpowder or gun-cotton in any quantity, without permission in writing, signed by the mayor and city clerk, and sealed with the corporate seal, under a penalty of twenty-fi...

Ordinances of Chicago, § 1264. No person shall keep, sell or give away any gunpowder or gun-cotton in any quantity, without permission in writing, signed by the mayor and city clerk, and sealed with the corporate seal, under a penalty of twenty-five dollars for every offense: Provided, any person may keep for his own use a quantity of gunpowder or guncotton not exceeding one pound. . . § 1271. It shall be unlawful for any person or persons to carry or convey any gunpowder or guncotton (exceeding fifty pounds in quantity) through any street, alley, highway or road in the city, or within one miles of the limits thereof, in any cart, carriage, wagon, dray or wheelbarrow, or otherwise, unless the said gunpowder or guncotton be secured in tight cases or kegs well headed and hooped, and put into and entirely covered with a good tight and substantial leather bag sufficient to prevent the same from being spilled or scattered or unless the same is put into a well covered and perfectly water tight box, the bottom and sides which shall be completely covered with zinc, or unless such gunpowder or guncotton be secured in water tight patent metallic cases or kegs. . . § 1275. Any person or persons, corporation or corporations, violating any of the provisions of sections (storage, manufacturing and sale §§) shall be subject to a fine of not less than fifty dollars, and not exceeding two hundred dollars, for each and every offense, and each and every day that gunpowder or guncotton shall be kept in any place contrary to any provision of this article shall constitute a violation thereof. § 1276. No vessel laden in whole or in part with gunpowder or guncotton shall land or make fast to any dock or wharf upon the Chicago river, or either branch thereof between the south line of the school section and Chicago avenue, or discharge such gunpowder or guncotton within said limits. If any master or owner of any vessel or other person shall violate any provision of this section he shall be subject to a fine of not less than twenty dollars, and not exceeding one hundred dollars.

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1874 Ky. Acts 327, An Act to Revise and Amend the Charter of the City of Newport, § 6.

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To prohibit the manufacture of gunpowder or other explosive, dangerous, or noxious compounds or substances in said city, and to regulate their sale and storage by license.

1869 Neb. Laws 53, An Act to Incorporate Cities of the First Class in the State of Nebraska, § 47.

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The City Council shall have power to license all . . . vendors of gunpowder[.]

William H. Bridges, Digest of the Charters and Ordinances of the City of Memphis, from 1826 to 1867, Inclusive, Together with the Acts of the Legislature Relating to the City, with an Appendix Page 52, Image 52 (1867) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Ordinances of the City of Memphis, Nuisance and Abatement Thereof, It is a public nuisance. -- § 5 To carry on the business of manufacturing gun-powder or of mixing or grinding the materials therefor, in any building within eighty rods of any valu...

Ordinances of the City of Memphis, Nuisance and Abatement Thereof, It is a public nuisance. — § 5 To carry on the business of manufacturing gun-powder or of mixing or grinding the materials therefor, in any building within eighty rods of any valuable building erected at the time such business may be commenced.

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1865 Vt. Acts & Resolves 213, An Act to Amend an Act Entitled “An Act to Incorporate the Village of Rutland,” Approved November 15, 1847, § 10.

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. . . and said fire wardens may inspect the manner of manufacturing and keeping gun-powder, lime, ashes, matches, lights, fire-works of all kinds, and other combustibles, . . . and a majority of said fire-wardens may, if they deem the same to be danger...

. . . and said fire wardens may inspect the manner of manufacturing and keeping gun-powder, lime, ashes, matches, lights, fire-works of all kinds, and other combustibles, . . . and a majority of said fire-wardens may, if they deem the same to be dangerous, order the persons manufacturing and keeping such gun powder . . . in what manner to manufacture and keep the same[.]

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The Charter and Ordinances of the City of St. Paul, (To August 1st, 1863, Inclusive,) Together with Legislative Acts Relating to the City. Page 166-167, Image 167-168 (1863) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Ordinances of the City of St. Paul, An Ordinance to Regulate the Sale of Gunpowder, § 1. No person shall keep, sell or give away gunpowder or guncotton in any quantity without first having paid into the City Treasurer the sum of five dollars, and ...

Ordinances of the City of St. Paul, An Ordinance to Regulate the Sale of Gunpowder, § 1. No person shall keep, sell or give away gunpowder or guncotton in any quantity without first having paid into the City Treasurer the sum of five dollars, and obtain from the Common Council a permission in writing, signed by the Mayor and Clerk, and sealed with the corporate seal, under a penalty not exceeding fifty dollars, for every offence, provided any person may keep for his own use not exceeding one pound of powder or one pound of gun cotton, at one and the same time. § 2. All applications for permits shall be addressed to the Common Council, in writing, signed by the applicant. Not exceeding four permits shall be granted in any one block; when the number of applications in any block shall at any time exceed the numbers to be granted, the requisite number shall by chosen by ballot. When issued, the Clerk shall make an entry thereof in a register to be provided for the purpose which entry shall state the name and place of business, and date of permits. Persons to whom permits may be issued, shall not have or keep at their place of business or elsewhere within the city, a greater quantity of gunpowder or guncotton than fifty pounds at one time, and the same shall be kept in tin canisters or cans, or kegs securely looped and headed, containing not to exceed twenty-five pounds each and in a situation remote from fires or lighted lamps, candles or gas, from which they may be easily removed in case of fire. Nor Nor shall any person sell or weigh any gunpowder or guncotton, after the lighting of lamps in the evening, unless in sealed canisters or cans. It shall be the duty of every person to whom a permit shall be given to keep a sign at the front door of his place of business, with the word “gunpowder” painted or printed thereon in large letters. Any person violating any clause of this section, shall, upon conviction therof be punished by a fine of not less than ten, nor more than one hundred dollars. § 3. No person shall convey or carry any gunpowder or guncotton, exceeding (one pound in quantity) through any street or alley in the city, in any cart, carriage, wagon, dray, wheelbarrow, or otherwise, unless the said gunpowder or guncotton be secured in tight cans or kegs well headed and hooped, sufficient to prevent such gunpowder or guncotton from being spilled or scattered, under a penalty of fifty dollars. § 4. All permissions granted under this ordinance shall expire on the second Tuesday of May in each year; and no permit shall be granted to any retailer of intoxicating liquors, or to any intemperate person. The clerk shall be entitled to a fee of one dollar for every permit which may be issued.

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George Manierre, The Revised Charter and Ordinances of the City of Chicago: To Which are Added the Constitutions of the United States and State of Illinois Page 123-125, Image 131-133 (1851) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Ordinances of the City of Chicago: Regulating the Keeping and Conveying Gun Powder and Gun Cotton; § I. (Be it ordained by the Common Council of the city of Chicago) That no person shall keep, sell, or give away gun powder or gun cotton in any qua...

Ordinances of the City of Chicago: Regulating the Keeping and Conveying Gun Powder and Gun Cotton; § I. (Be it ordained by the Common Council of the city of Chicago) That no person shall keep, sell, or give away gun powder or gun cotton in any quantity without permission of the common council or mayor in writing, signed by the mayor and clerk and sealed with the corporate seal, under a penalty of twenty-five dollars for every offence. § II. All applications for permits shall be addressed to the common council or mayor in writing, signed by the applicant. Not exceeding four permits shall be granted in any block. When the number of applications in any block shall at any time exceed the number to be granted, the requisite number shall be chosen by ballot. When issued the clerk shall make an entry thereof in a register to be provided for the purpose which entry shall state the name and place of business and date of permit. Persons to whom permits may be issued shall not have or keep at their place of business or elsewhere within the city, a greater quantity of gun powder or gun cotton than fifty pounds at one time, and the same shall be kept in tin canisters or cases containing not to exceed thirteen pounds each, and in a situation remote from fires or lighted lamps, candles or gas from which they may be easily removed in case of fire. Nor shall any person sell or weigh any gun powder or gun cotton after the lighting of lamps in the evening, unless in sealed canisters or cases. It shall be the duty of every person to whom a permit shall be given to keep a sign at the front door of his place of business with the words “gun powder and gun cotton” painted or printed theron in large letters. A violation of any clause of this section shall subject the offender to a fine of not less than ten dollars nor exceeding one hundred dollars. § III. No person shall convey or carry any gun or carry any gun powder or gun cotton, (exceeding one pound in quantity), through any street or alley in the city, in any cart, carriage, wagon, dray, wheelbarrow, or otherwise, unless the gun powder or gun cotton be secured in tight cases or kegs well headed and hooped, and put into and entirely covered with a leather bag or case, sufficient to prevent such gun powder or gun cotton from being spilled or scattered under a penalty of one hundred dollars. IV. No vessel, laden in whole or in part with gun powder or gun cotton, shall land at, or make fast to any dock or wharf upon the Chicago river, or either branch thereof, between the south line of the school section and Chicago avenue, or to discharge such gun powder or gun cotton within said limits. If any master, or owner of any vessel, or other person shall violate any provision of this section, he shall be subject to a fine of not less then twenty-five dollars and not exceeding one hundred dollars. § V. The mayor shall have power to cause any vessel to be removed form the limits mentioned in the previous section, to any place beyond the same, by a written order, which shall be executed by the marshal or some other member of the police. If any person shall neglect or refuse to obey such order, or shall resist any officer in the execution of the same, he shall be subject to a penalty of one hundred dollars. § VI. Al permissions granted under this ordinance shall expire on the tenth day of June each year. And no permit shall be granted to any retailer of intoxicating liquors or to any intemperate person. The clerk shall be entitled to a fee of one dollar for every permit so issued. § VII. It shall be the duty of the officers of the police department, fire-wardens, and firemen, to report all violations of this ordinance which may come to the knowledge of the city attorney for prosecution.

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1849 Ohio Laws 407-08, Local Acts vol. 48, An Act to Incorporate the Town of Ripley in the County of Brown, § 4.

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That the said town council of Ripley shall have power to ordain and establish laws and ordinances . . . to regulate the sale of gunpowder therein[.]

1847 Ind. Acts 93, An Act to Reduce the Law Incorporating the City of Madison, and the Several Acts Amendatory Thereto Into One Act, and to Amend the Same, chap 61, § 8, pt. 4.

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To regulate and license, or provide by ordinance for regulating and licensing . . . the keepers of gunpowder and other explosive compounds . . . .