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Subject: Race and Slavery Based

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An Act relating to Crimes and Misdemeanors committed by Slaves, Free Negroes, and Mulattoes, in Compilation of the Public Acts of the Legislative Council of the Territory of Florida, Passed Prior to 1840, at 227 (John P. Duval ed., 1839).

| | 1828

Sec. 55. Be it further enacted, that if any slave shall wilfully and maliciously shoot at any free white person with a gun or other instrument, with intent to kill such person, or if any slave shall wilfully and maliciously wound any free white person ...

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An Act concerning patrols, in Compilation of the Public Acts of the Legislative Council of the Territory of Florida, Passed Prior to 1840, at 65 (John P. Duval ed., 1839).

| | 1833

Sec. 15. Be it further enacted, That it shall be lawful for any patrol of this Territory, to take from any slave or slaves any fire-arms, or other dangerous weapons, to be delivered by said patrol to the justice of the peace of said district . . . . Se...

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Slaves, in Laws of the Arkansas Territory 521 (J. Steele & J. M’Campbell, Eds., 1835).

| | 1835

Sec. 3. No slave or mulatto whatsoever, shall keep or carry a gun, poweder, shot, club or other weapon whatsoever, offensive or defensive; but all and every gun weapon and ammunition found in the possesision or custody of any negro or mulatto, may be s...

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1863 Del. Laws 332, An Act in Relation to Free Negroes and Mulattoes, ch. 305, § 7.

| | 1863

. . . That free negroes and free mulattoes are prohibited from owning or having in their possession, a gun, pistol, sword or any other warlike instrument, and any free negro or free mulatto offending against the provisions of this Section shall be fine...

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1860 Ga. Laws 56, An Act to add an additional Section to the 13th Division of the Penal Code, making it Penal to Sell to or Furnish Slaves or Free Persons of Color, with Weapons of Offence and Defence; and for other Purposes therein mentioned, § 1.

| | 1860

. . . any person other than the owner, who shall sell or furnish to any slave or free person of color, any gun, pistol, bowie knife, slung shot, sword cane, or other weapon used for the purpose of offence or defence, shall, on indictment and conviction...

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1860-1861 N.C. Sess. Laws 68, Pub. Laws, An Act to Amend Chapter 107, Section 66, of the Revised Code, Relating to Free Negroes Having Arms, ch. 34, § 1.

| | 1860

That chapter 107, section 66, of the Revised Code be amended to read as follows: If any free negro shall wear or carry about his person or keep in his house any shot gun, musket, rifle, pistol, sword, sword cane, dagger, bowie knife, powder or shot, he...

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1858-1859 N.M. Laws 68, An Act to Provide for the Protection of Property in Slaves in this Territory, ch. 26, § 7.

| | 1858

Any person who shall sell, lend, hire, give, or in any manner furnish to any slave any sword, dirk, bowie-knife, gun, pistol or other fire arms, or any other kind of deadly weapon of offence, or any ammunition of any kind suitable for fire arms, shall,...

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1854 Mo. Laws 1094, An Act Concerning Free Negros and Mulattoes, ch. 114, §§ 2-3.

| | 1854

§ 2. No free negro or mulatto shall be suffered to keep or carry any firelock, or weapon of any kind, or any ammunition, without license first had and obtained for the purpose, from a justice of the peace of the county in which such free negro or ...

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1851 Ky. Acts 296, Of Dealing With Slaves and Suffering Them to go at Large, § 12.

| | 1850

If any negro shall keep or carry a gun, or other deadly weapon, powder, or shot, the same may be seized by any free white person; and upon due proof thereof, before a justice of the peace, it shall be forfeited, and vested in the person seizing; and if...

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John C. White, Digest of the Laws and Ordinances of the Parish of East Feliciana, Adopted by the Police Jury of the Parish Page 68, Image 70 (1848) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

| | 1848

[Ordinances of the Parish of East Feliciana,] Of Slaves, § 5. No slave shall carry a gun to hunt, except on the plantation of his master or mistress; nor then unless accompanied by the overseer or some other free white member of the family, or has...

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James Iredell, A Digested Manual of the Acts of the General Assembly of North Carolina, from the Year 1838 to the Year 1846, Inclusive, Omitting All the Acts of a Private and Local Nature, and Such as were Temporary and Whose Operation Has Ceased to Exist Page 75, Image 75 (1847) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

| | 1846

Crimes and Punishments, 1846 - 7- Ch. 42. It shall not be lawful for any person or persons to sell or barter and deliver, to any slave, or slaves, any gun cotton, fire arms, swords, dirks or other side arms, unless those articles be for the owner or em...

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9 Del. Laws 552 (1843), A Further Supplement To An Act Entitled “An Act To Prevent The Use Of Fire-arms By Free Negroes And Free Mulattoes And For Other Purposes, § 1

| | 1843

That the proviso in the first section of the act to which this is a further supplement, and all and every the provisions of the said act, or any other supplemental act thereto, which authorizes the issuing, by a justice of the peace, of a license or pe...

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James Iredell, A Digested Manual of the Acts of the General Assembly of North Carolina, from the Year 1838 to the Year 1846, Inclusive, Omitting All the Acts of a Private and Local Nature, and Such as were Temporary and Whose Operation Has Ceased to Exist Page 73, Image 73 (1847) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

| | 1840

Crimes and Punishments, 1840 - 1. - Ch. 30, If any free negro, mulatto, or free person of color shall wear, or carry about his or her person, or keep in his or her house, any shot gun, musket, rifle, pistol, sword, dagger, or bowie knife, unless he or ...

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1839 Tex. Gen. Laws 172, An Act Concerning Slaves, § 6

| | 1839

That no slave in this republic shall carry a gun or other deadly weapon without the written consent of his master, mistress or overseer; such arms or other weapons shall be liable to be taken by any person from any such negro, and all such property for...

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Revised Statutes of the State of Arkansas, Adopted at the October Session of the General Assembly of Said State, A. D. 1837, in the Year of Our Independence the Sixty-second, and of the State of Second Year Page 587, Image 602 (1838) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

| | 1838

Negroes and Mulattoes, § 17. No free negro shall be suffered to keep or carry any gun or rifle, or weapon of any kind, or any ammunition without a license first had and obtained, for that purpose, from some justice of the peace of the county in wh...

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Revised Statutes of the State of Arkansas, Adopted at the October Session of the General Assembly of Said State, A. D. 1837, in the Year of Our Independence the Sixty-second, and of the State of Second Year Page 733-734, Image 748-749 (1838) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

| | 1837

Slaves, § 23. Any gun or other offensive or defensive weapon found in the possession of a slave, without having the written permission of his master the carry the same, may be seized by any person, and upon proof of such seizure before a justice o...

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1835-36 Tenn. Pub. Acts 168, An Act to Amend the Penal Laws of the State, ch. 58, § 1.

| | 1835

Any free person who, without the consent of the owner, shall sell, loan or give to any slave, any gun, pistol, sword, or dirk, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall, on conviction by presentment or indictment, be fined not less than fifty dollars...

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1832 Del. Laws 208, A Supplement to an Act to Prevent the Use of Firearms by Free Negroes and Free Mulattoes, and for Other Purposes, chap. 176, § 1.

| | 1832

. . . it shall not be lawful for free negroes and free mulattoes to have, own, keep or possess any gun, pistol, sword or any warlike instruments whatsoever: Provided however, that if upon application of any such free negro or free mulatto to one of the...

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1827 Del. Laws 153, An Act Concerning Crimes And Offenses Committed By Slaves, And For, The Security Of Slaves Properly Demeaning Themselves, ch. 6, § 8.

| | 1827

That is any negro or mulatto slave shall join, or be willingly present at any riot, rout or unlawful assembly, or shall commit an assault and battery upon any white person, or shall without special permission of his or her master or mistress, presume t...

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Ordinances of the Borough of Vincennes, with the Act of Incorporation and Supplement Thereto Prefixed Page 54-55, Image 54-55 (1820) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

| | 1819

[An Ordinance to Prevent Nuisances, Etc.] § 7. Be it further ordained by the authority aforesaid, That any negro or mulatto, shall be punished with thirty-nine stripes on the bare back, if found with deadly weapons, other than the legal implements...

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