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Year: 1783

“An Act for the better securing the city of Philadelphia and its liberties from danger of gunpowder” Act of Dec. 6, 1783, chap. 1059, 11 Pa. Stat. 209 (Sections I and II, P.L.)

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(Section I, P.L.) Whereas by an act, entitled “An act for the better securing the city of Philadelphia from danger of gunpowder," passed in the year one thousand seven hundred and twenty-four, and a supplement thereto, passed in the year one thou...

(Section I, P.L.) Whereas by an act, entitled “An act for the better securing the city of Philadelphia from danger of gunpowder,” passed in the year one thousand seven hundred and twenty-four, and a supplement thereto, passed in the year one thousand seven hundred and forty-seven, continuing the said act in force until altered by a future assembly, it was directed that all gun-powder brought into the port of Philadelphia should be deposited in a certain powder house therein described, under the penalty of ten pounds for every offense: And Whereas another powder house or magazine hath been erected in the said city in the public square on the south side of Vine street, between the Sixth and Seventh streets from Delaware at the public expense: And whereas the said penalty of ten pounds is not deemed sufficient to deter persons from storing large quantities of gunpowder in private houses and stores, to the great danger of the inhabitants: [Section I.] (Section II, P.L) Be it therefore enacted and it is hereby enacted by the Representatives of the Freemen of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in General Assembly met, and by the authority of the same, That no person whatsoever, within the precincts of Philadelphia, nor within two miles thereof, shall, from and after the passing of this act, presume to keep in any house, shop or cellar, store or place whatsoever, in the said city, nor within two miles thereof, other than in the said public magazine, any more or greater quantity at any one time than thirty pounds weight of gun-powder, under the penalty of forfeiture of the whole quantity so over and above stored, together with a fine of twenty pounds for every such offense.

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Thomas Wetmore, Commissioner, The Charter and Ordinances of the City of Boston: Together with the Acts of the Legislature Relating to the City Page 142-143, Image 142 (1834) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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An Act in Addition to the Several Acts Already Made for the Prudent Storage of Gun Powder within the Town of Boston. Whereas the depositing of loaded arms in the houses of the town of Boston, is dangerous to the lives of those who are disposed to exert...

An Act in Addition to the Several Acts Already Made for the Prudent Storage of Gun Powder within the Town of Boston. Whereas the depositing of loaded arms in the houses of the town of Boston, is dangerous to the lives of those who are disposed to exert themselves when a fire happens to break out in said town. § 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives in General Court assembled and by the authority of the same, That if any person shall take into any dwelling house, stable, barn, out house, ware house, store, shop or other building within the town of Boston, any cannon, swivel, mortar, howitzer, cohorn, or fire arm, loaded with or having gunpowder in the same, or shall receive into any dwelling house, stable, barn, out house, store, ware house, shop, or other building within said town, any bomb, grenade, or other iron shell, charged with, or having gun powder in the same, such person shall forfeit and pay the sum of ten pounds, to be recovered at the suit of the firewards [duties of Firewards transferred to Engineers,] of the said towns, in an action of debt before any court proper to try the same; one moiety thereof, to the use of said Firewards, and the other moiety to the support of the poor of said town of Boston. § 2. Be it further enacted, That all cannons, swivels, mortars, howitzers, cohorns, fire arms, bombs, grenades, and iron shells of any kind, that shall be found in any dwelling house, out house, stable, barn, store, warehouse, shop or other building, charged with or having in them any gunpowder, shall be liable to be seized by either of the Firewards of said town; and upon complaint made by the said Firewards to the Court of Common Pleas, of such cannon, swivels, mortars, or howitzers, being so found, the Court shall proceed to try the merits of such complaint by a jury; and if the jury shall find such complaint supported, such cannon, swivel, mortar or howitzer, shall be adjudged forfeit, and sold at public auction; one half of the proceeds thereof shall be disposed of to the Firewards, and the other half to the use of the poor of the town of Boston. And when any fire arms, or any bomb, grenade, or other shell, shall be found in any house, out house, barn, stable, store, ware house, shop or other building, so charged, or having gun powder in the same, the same shall be liable to be seized in manner aforesaid; and on complaint thereof, made and supported before a Justice of the Peace, shall be sold and disposed of, as is above provided for cannon.

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1783 Mass. Acts 218, An Act in Addition to the Several Acts Already Made for the Prudent Storage of Gun-Powder Within the Town of Boston, ch.13

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The depositing of loaded arms in the houses of the town of Boston is dangerous...That if any person shall take into any dwelling-house, stable, barn, out-house, ware-house, store, shop or other building, within the Town of Boston, any cannon, swivel, m...

The depositing of loaded arms in the houses of the town of Boston is dangerous…That if any person shall take into any dwelling-house, stable, barn, out-house, ware-house, store, shop or other building, within the Town of Boston, any cannon, swivel, mortar, howitzer, or cohorn, or fire-arm, loaded with, or having gun powder in the same, or shall receive into any dwelling-house, stable, barn, outhouse, store, warehouse, shop, or other building, within the said town, any bomb, grenade, or other iron shell, charged with, or having gun-powder in the same, such person shall forfeit and pay the sum of ten pounds…

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1783 Conn. Acts 633, An Act For The Punishment of Burglary And Robbery.

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That whoever shall commit Burglary, by breaking up any Dwelling House or Shop, wherein Goods, Wares and Merchandise are deposited, or shall commit Robbery, by robbing any Person in the Field of Highway, if in the Perpetration of said Crimes, the Person...

That whoever shall commit Burglary, by breaking up any Dwelling House or Shop, wherein Goods, Wares and Merchandise are deposited, or shall commit Robbery, by robbing any Person in the Field of Highway, if in the Perpetration of said Crimes, the Person or Persons committing the same, shall be guilty of any personal Abuse, Force or Violence, or shall be so armed with any dangerous Armour or Weapon, as clearly to indicate their violent Intentions; such Person or Persons, found guilty as aforesaid, and being thereof convicted before the Superior Court, shall suffer Death.

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1783 Mass. Acts 37, An Act in Addition to the Several Acts Already Made for the Prudent Storage of Gun Powder within the Town of Boston, § 2

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“That all cannon, swivels, mortars, howitzers, cohorns, fire arms, bombs, grenades, and iron shells of any kind, that shall be found in any dwelling-house, out-house, stable, barn, store, ware-house, shop, or other building, charged with, or havi...

“That all cannon, swivels, mortars, howitzers, cohorns, fire arms, bombs, grenades, and iron shells of any kind, that shall be found in any dwelling-house, out-house, stable, barn, store, ware-house, shop, or other building, charged with, or having in them any gun-powder, shall be liable to be seized by either of the Firewards of the said Town: And upon complaint made by the said Firewards to the Court of Common Pleas, of such cannon, swivels, mortar, or howitzers, being so found, the Court shall proceed to try the merits of such complaint by a jury; and if the jury shall find such complaint supported, such cannon, swivel, mortar, or howitzer, shall be adjudged forfeit, and be sold at public auction.

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