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Year: 1790

1 Statutes of Ohio & Northwestern Territory 106 (Salmon P. Chase ed., 1833)

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SEC. 4. Be it enacted, That if any person shall presume to discharge or fire, or cause to be discharged or fired, any gun or other fire-arms at any mark or object, or upon any pretence whatever, unless he or she shall at the same time be with such gun or ...

SEC. 4. Be it enacted, That if any person shall presume to discharge or fire, or cause to be discharged or fired, any gun or other fire-arms at any mark or object, or upon any pretence whatever, unless he or she shall at the same time be with such gun or fire-arms at the distance of at least one-quarter of a mile from the nearest building of any such city, town, village or station, such person shall for every such offence, forfeit and pay to the use of the county in which the same shall be committed, a sum not exceeding five dollars, not less than one dollar. And if any person being with a quarter of a mile of any city, town, village or station as aforesaid, shall at the same time wilfully discharge or fire any gun or fire-arms, or cause or procure the same to be discharged or fired, at any time after the setting of the sun and before the rising of the same, he or she so offending, shall in like manner forfeit and pay to the use aforesaid, a sum not exceeding five dollars, nor less than one dollar; reserving nevertheless to any person who will inform, and sue for either of the penalties hereinbefore last mentioned within one month from the commission of the offence, a moiety of the penalty which the party offending shall on conviction be adjudged to forfeit and pay, the other moiety thereof to go to the use of the county as aforesaid; which said several penalties, or either of them, shall be recoverable with costs, before any justice, judge, or court having cognizance of the same.

Provided always, That nothing herein contained shall be deemed or construed to extend to any person lawfully using fire-arms as offensive or defensive weapons, in annoying, or opposing a common enemy, or defending his or her person or property, or the person or property of any other, against the invasion or depredations of an enemy, or in the support of the laws and government; or against the attacks of rebels, highwaymen, robbers, thieves, or others unlawfully assailing him or her, or in any other manner where such opposition, defence, or resistance is allowed by the law of the land.

Provided also, That nothing herein contained shall be construed or extend to prevent the necessary military exercise, evolutions and firings of, or the discharging of cannon or small arms, by any soldiers or troops in the service of the United States, or of this territory, being in the field, or posted in or near any city, town, village, station, garrison, fort, encampment or other place, and acting under the immediate orders or by the special direction of the officer commanding the same. Nor shall any thing herein contained by intended or construed to extend to the act of killing or destroying birds of prey, or other wild birds, and mad or wild animals of the brute kind lurking among, in or near, or preying upon or threatening to prey upon and devour any kind of animal stock, or the corn, grain, and other produce in, of or belonging to any plantation, field, garden or other place within, adjoining, or in the vicinity of any city, town, village, or station: nor to the hindrance of any person shooting at or killing any of the larger kind of game or wild animals, such as buffaloes, bears, deer, hares, rabbits, turkeys, swans, geese that may happen at any time to come in view, or be passing or feeding near any city, or, or other place as aforesaid: but every person shooting at any of such game is hereby required to discharge the ball, or balls, shot, or missile weapon so employed in a direction from such city, town, village, or station towards the country so as such ball or balls, missile weapon, or shot, shall pass by or from, and go clear of the buildings pertaining to the same.

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An Act . . . To prevent the selling or pawning of arms, ammunition, cloathing, and accoutrements, Chapter XII, Sec. 2, in Laws Passed in the Territory of the United States North-West of the River Ohio from the Commencement of the Government to the 31 of December, 1791 (printed by Francis Childs and John Swaine).

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"And be it further enacted, That if any person shall pre-sume to bargain for, purchase, or receive in pledge, or as a gift, or cause or procure to be bargained for, purchased, or received in pledge or as a gift, on any pretence whatever, all or any par...

“And be it further enacted, That if any person shall pre-sume to bargain for, purchase, or receive in pledge, or as a gift, or cause or procure to be bargained for, purchased, or received in pledge or as a gift, on any pretence whatever, all or any part of the public arms, ammunition, clothing or accoutrements pertaining to any non-commissioned officer or private soldier in the service aforesaid (knowing him to be such) he or she so offending, shall on conviction, forfeit and pay for the first offence treble the value of the articles so purchased or recieved, the same to be recovered with costs, by action of debt or information, in any court of record, one half to the informer, and the other half to the United States, or the whole to the United States, where prosecution shall be first instituted on the public behalf alone; and for every repitition of the like offence by the same person, he or she so offending again, shall forfeit and pay in like manner treble the value of the articles purchased or received as aforesaid, together with costs, and shall moreover suffer imprisonment for a term not exceeding one month.”

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William A Hotchkiss, A Codification of the Statute Law of Georgia, Including the English Statutes of Force: In Four Parts. To Which is Prefixed a Collection of State Papers, of English, American, and State Origin; Together with an Appendix, and Index Page 763, Image 782 (1845) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Fraudulent or Malicious Mischief. § 23. Punishment for deer-hunting by fire-light. Any person or persons who shall hunt with a gun by fire-light, or kill any deer so hunting by fire-light, in the night-time, without his or her own enclosures, any ...

Fraudulent or Malicious Mischief. § 23. Punishment for deer-hunting by fire-light. Any person or persons who shall hunt with a gun by fire-light, or kill any deer so hunting by fire-light, in the night-time, without his or her own enclosures, any such person or persons being convicted, upon the oath of one or more credible witnesses, before any justice of the peace for the county where such offence shall be committed, shall for every such offence, forfeit and pay not exceeding the sum of five pounds; one half thereof shall be paid to the informer or informers, and the other half into the clerk’s office of the inferior court, and to be applied to the use of the poor of the county where such offence shall be committed.

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A Digest of the Laws of the State of Georgia. From Its First Establishment as a British Province down to the Year 1798, Inclusive, and the Principal Acts of 1799: In Which is Comprehended the Declaration of Independence; the State Constitutions of 1777 and 1789, with the Alterations and Amendments in 1794. Also the Constitution of 1798 Page 428, Image 435 (1800) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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An Act to prevent the pernicious practice of hunting deer in the night time by fire light. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the State of Georgia in general assembly met, That from and immediately after the passing of this act...

An Act to prevent the pernicious practice of hunting deer in the night time by fire light. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the State of Georgia in general assembly met, That from and immediately after the passing of this act, any person or persons who shall hunt with a gun by fire light or kill any deer so hunting by fire light in the night time without his or their own enclosures, every such person or persons being thereof convicted, upon the oath of one or more credible witnesses, before any justice of the peace for the county where such offense shall be committed, shall for every such offense forfeit and pay, not exceeding the sum of five pounds, one half thereof shall be paid to the informer or informers, and the other half into the clerks office of the inferior court, and to be applied to the use of the poor of the county where such offense shall be committed.

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