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Repository of Historical Gun Laws

Year: 1851

George Manierre, The Revised Charter and Ordinances of the City of Chicago: To Which are Added the Constitutions of the United States and State of Illinois Page 123-125, Image 131-133 (1851) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Ordinances of the City of Chicago: Regulating the Keeping and Conveying Gun Powder and Gun Cotton; § I. (Be it ordained by the Common Council of the city of Chicago) That no person shall keep, sell, or give away gun powder or gun cotton in any qua...

Ordinances of the City of Chicago: Regulating the Keeping and Conveying Gun Powder and Gun Cotton; § I. (Be it ordained by the Common Council of the city of Chicago) That no person shall keep, sell, or give away gun powder or gun cotton in any quantity without permission of the common council or mayor in writing, signed by the mayor and clerk and sealed with the corporate seal, under a penalty of twenty-five dollars for every offence. § II. All applications for permits shall be addressed to the common council or mayor in writing, signed by the applicant. Not exceeding four permits shall be granted in any block. When the number of applications in any block shall at any time exceed the number to be granted, the requisite number shall be chosen by ballot. When issued the clerk shall make an entry thereof in a register to be provided for the purpose which entry shall state the name and place of business and date of permit. Persons to whom permits may be issued shall not have or keep at their place of business or elsewhere within the city, a greater quantity of gun powder or gun cotton than fifty pounds at one time, and the same shall be kept in tin canisters or cases containing not to exceed thirteen pounds each, and in a situation remote from fires or lighted lamps, candles or gas from which they may be easily removed in case of fire. Nor shall any person sell or weigh any gun powder or gun cotton after the lighting of lamps in the evening, unless in sealed canisters or cases. It shall be the duty of every person to whom a permit shall be given to keep a sign at the front door of his place of business with the words “gun powder and gun cotton” painted or printed theron in large letters. A violation of any clause of this section shall subject the offender to a fine of not less than ten dollars nor exceeding one hundred dollars. § III. No person shall convey or carry any gun or carry any gun powder or gun cotton, (exceeding one pound in quantity), through any street or alley in the city, in any cart, carriage, wagon, dray, wheelbarrow, or otherwise, unless the gun powder or gun cotton be secured in tight cases or kegs well headed and hooped, and put into and entirely covered with a leather bag or case, sufficient to prevent such gun powder or gun cotton from being spilled or scattered under a penalty of one hundred dollars. IV. No vessel, laden in whole or in part with gun powder or gun cotton, shall land at, or make fast to any dock or wharf upon the Chicago river, or either branch thereof, between the south line of the school section and Chicago avenue, or to discharge such gun powder or gun cotton within said limits. If any master, or owner of any vessel, or other person shall violate any provision of this section, he shall be subject to a fine of not less then twenty-five dollars and not exceeding one hundred dollars. § V. The mayor shall have power to cause any vessel to be removed form the limits mentioned in the previous section, to any place beyond the same, by a written order, which shall be executed by the marshal or some other member of the police. If any person shall neglect or refuse to obey such order, or shall resist any officer in the execution of the same, he shall be subject to a penalty of one hundred dollars. § VI. Al permissions granted under this ordinance shall expire on the tenth day of June each year. And no permit shall be granted to any retailer of intoxicating liquors or to any intemperate person. The clerk shall be entitled to a fee of one dollar for every permit so issued. § VII. It shall be the duty of the officers of the police department, fire-wardens, and firemen, to report all violations of this ordinance which may come to the knowledge of the city attorney for prosecution.

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1851 N.M. Laws 114, An Act Incorporating the City of Santa Fe, § 7.

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The board of common councilors shall have power to pass By-Laws and Ordinances . . . to prohibit the firing of fire-arms . . . to regulate and prescribe the quantities and places in which gun-powder or other dangerous combustible[s] may be kept[.]

John Purdon, A Digest of the Laws of Pennsylvania, from the Year One Thousand Seven Hundred to the Twenty-Second Day of April, One Thousand Eight Hundred and Forty-Six Page 1389, Image 1389 (1852) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Act of 8th April, 1851, An Act Authorizing Francis Patrick Kenrick, Bishop of Philadelphia, to convey certain real estate in the borough of York, and a supplement to the charter of the said borough, § 4. Any person who shall willfully and maliciou...

Act of 8th April, 1851, An Act Authorizing Francis Patrick Kenrick, Bishop of Philadelphia, to convey certain real estate in the borough of York, and a supplement to the charter of the said borough, § 4. Any person who shall willfully and maliciously carry any pistol, gun, dirk knife, slung-shot, or deadly weapon in said borough of York, shall be deemed guilty of felony, and being thereof convicted shall be sentenced to undergo an imprisonment at hard labour for a term not less than six months nor more than one year, and shall give security for future good behavior for such sum and for such time as the court before whom such conviction shall take place may fix; and any person or persons who shall otherwise offend against the provisions of this section shall be fined in a sum not exceeding one hundred dollars, for the use of the borough of York, or be imprisoned for a term not exceeding one year, or both at the discretion of the court, or may be held to bail for future good behavior.

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1851 R.I. Pub. Laws 9, An Act In Amendment Of An Act Entitled An Act Relating To Theatrical Exhibitions And Places Of Amusement, §§ 1-2

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§ 1. No pistol gallery, or rifle gallery, or any other building, or enclosure, where fire arms are used for practicing in firing with ball or shot, shall hereafter be kept in the compact part of the town of Newport, under a penalty of two hundred ...

§ 1. No pistol gallery, or rifle gallery, or any other building, or enclosure, where fire arms are used for practicing in firing with ball or shot, shall hereafter be kept in the compact part of the town of Newport, under a penalty of two hundred dollars for the first offence and five hundred dollars for every subsequent offense; to be recovered, to and for the use of the State, by indictment in any court proper to try the same. And the town council of said town is hereby authorized and directed to define the limits of the compact part of said town, which limits shall be taken and deemed, to all intents under this act, to comprehend the compact part of the town. § 2: The town council of said town is hereby authorized and required to assess, levy and collect a tax not exceeding two hundred dollars per annum on any person who shall own or keep a pistol gallery, rifle gallery, or other building or enclosure, referred to in the preceding section, which tax shall be collected and appropriated in the same manner as is provided in the fifth section of the act of which this is an amendment in regard to the tax therein mentioned.

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Morton Smith Wilkinson, The Revised Statutes of the Territory of Minnesota, Passed at the Second Session of the Legislative Assembly, Commencing January 1, 1851: Printed and Published Pursuant to Law Page 528, Image 538 (Vol. 1, 1851) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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If any person shall go armed with a dirk, dagger, sword, pistol or pistols, or other offensive and dangerous weapon, without reasonable cause to fear an assault or other injury or violence to his person, or to his family, or property, he may, on compla...

If any person shall go armed with a dirk, dagger, sword, pistol or pistols, or other offensive and dangerous weapon, without reasonable cause to fear an assault or other injury or violence to his person, or to his family, or property, he may, on complaint of any other person having reasonable cause to fear an injury or breach of the peace, be required to find sureties for keeping the peace, for a term not exceeding six months, with the right of appealing as before provided.

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1851 Pa. Laws 382, An Act Authorizing Francis Patrick Kenrick, Bishop of Philadelphia, to Convey Certain Real Estate in the Borough of York, and a Supplement to the Charter of Said Borough, § 4.

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That any person who shall willfully and maliciously carry any pistol, gun, dirk knife, slung shot, or deadly weapon in said borough of York, shall be deemed guilty of a felony, and being thereof convicted shall be sentenced to undergo an imprisonment a...

That any person who shall willfully and maliciously carry any pistol, gun, dirk knife, slung shot, or deadly weapon in said borough of York, shall be deemed guilty of a felony, and being thereof convicted shall be sentenced to undergo an imprisonment at hard labor for a term not less than 6 months nor more than one year and shall give security for future good behavior for such sum and for such time as the court before whom such conviction shall take place may fix; and any person or persons who shall otherwise offend against the provisions of this section shall be fined in a sum not exceeding one hundred dollars, for the use of the borough of York, or be imprisoned for a term not exceeding one year, or both at the discretion of the court, or may be held to bail for future good behavior.

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T. Henry, A Digest of the Ordinances of the Corporation of the District of Penn, and Acts of Assembly Relating Thereto Page 286, Image 286 (1852) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Ordinances [of the District of Penn, PA], Ordinance of July 14, 1851, An Ordinance Providing for the Appointment of a Captain of the Watch, and the establishment of a Nightly Watch in the District of Penn. § 1. Be it ordained, etc. That from and a...

Ordinances [of the District of Penn, PA], Ordinance of July 14, 1851, An Ordinance Providing for the Appointment of a Captain of the Watch, and the establishment of a Nightly Watch in the District of Penn. § 1. Be it ordained, etc. That from and after the passage of this ordinance, there may or shall be erected a sufficient number of watch houses, in such parts and places in the district as the commissioners may determine. § 2. That there shall be appointed a captain of the watch, and a sufficient number of able bodied men as watchmen, as may be deemed necessary from time to time; and it shall be the duty of the said captain to aid the watchmen in preventing burglaries, robberies, and other outrages and disorders within the district. And to that end, be and they are hereby empowered and required to arrest, apprehend and confine all persons whom they shall find disturbing the peace, or shall have cause to suspect of any unlawful or evil design, or persons discharging or firing off any hand gun, pistol or other firearms, or shall cast, throw or fire any squibs, rockets or other fireworks, or make or assist at making bonfires within the regulated parts of the district in the night time; and shall take the person or persons so apprehended, as soon as conveniently may be, before the police or other magistrates, as may be from time to time directed, to be examined and dealt with according to law…

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1851 R.I. Pub. Laws 9, An Act In Amendment Of An Act Entitled An Act Relating To Theatrical Exhibitions And Places Of Amusement, §§ 1 and 2

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§ 1. No pistol gallery or rifle gallery, or any other building or enclosure, where fire arms are used for practicing in firing with ball or shot, shall hereafter be kept in the compact part of the town of Newport, under a penalty of two hundr...

§ 1. No pistol gallery or rifle gallery, or any other building or enclosure, where fire arms are used for practicing in firing with ball or shot, shall hereafter be kept in the compact part of the town of Newport, under a penalty of two hundred dollars for the first offence and five hundred dollars for every subsequent offense.; to be recovered, to and for the use of the State, by indictment in any court proper to try the same. And the town council of said town is hereby authorized and directed to define the limits of the compact part of said town, which limits shall be taken and deemed, to all intents under this act, to comprehend the compact part of said town. § 2. The town council of said town is hereby authorized and required to assess, levy and collect a tax not exceeding two hundred dollars per annum on any person who shall own or keep a pistol gallery, rifle gallery, or other building or enclosure, referred to in the preceding section, which tax shall be collected and appropriated in the same manner as is provided in the fifth section of the act of which this is in amendment in regard to the tax therein mentioned.

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1851 Cal. Stat. 360–61, An Act to Reincorporate the City of San Francisco, § 13.

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To regulate the location of slaughter-houses, markets, stables, and houses for the storage of gun-powder and other combustibles.