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Repository of Historical Gun Laws

Jurisdiction: New Hampshire

A Municipal Register of the City of Concord, Containing the City Charter and Ordinances, the Rules of the City Council, and a List of the City Officers Page 74, Image 75 (1868) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[Ordinances of the City of Concord,] An Ordinance to Guard Against Damage to the Property of the City, Be it ordained by the City Council of the City of Concord, as follows: §1. No person shall discharge any gun or fire-arms within, on, or at, any...

[Ordinances of the City of Concord,] An Ordinance to Guard Against Damage to the Property of the City, Be it ordained by the City Council of the City of Concord, as follows: §1. No person shall discharge any gun or fire-arms within, on, or at, any bridge or building belonging to the city, or in any way damage the same, or any fence or other property belonging to the city, or write upon, cut out, or make any obscene image or representation. § 2. Any person violating any of the provisions of this ordinance shall be subject to a fine of not less than one nor more than ten dollars.

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Asa Fowler, The General Statutes of the State of New-Hampshire; to Which are Prefixed the Constitutions of the United States and of the State. With a Glossary and Digested Index Page 206, Image 227 (1867) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Safe-Keeping of Gunpowder, § 1. The board of firewards, if any, or the selectmen of any town, may establish rules and regulations from time to time relative to the times and places at which gunpowder may be brought to or carried from such town, by...

Safe-Keeping of Gunpowder, § 1. The board of firewards, if any, or the selectmen of any town, may establish rules and regulations from time to time relative to the times and places at which gunpowder may be brought to or carried from such town, by land or water, and the time when and the manner in which the same may be transported through the same. § 2. Any two firewards, police officers, or selectmen may search any building in the compact part of any town, and any vessel lying in any port, in which they have cause to suspect that gunpowder in a greater quantity than twenty-five pounds is kept or stored; and in case a greater quantity shall be found, shall seize the same as forfeited. § 3. Any person who shall keep or knowingly suffer any quantity of gunpowder greater than twenty-five pounds to be kept or stored in any such building or vessel, or aid or assist in keeping or storing the same, or shall know that the same is so stored or kept, and shall not forthwith inform one of the firewards, police officers, or selectmen thereof, shall forfeit a sum not more than five dollars nor less than one dollar, for every day the same shall be so stored or kept.

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A Municipal Register of the City of Concord, Containing the City Charter and Ordinances, the Rules of the City Council, and a List of the City Officers Page 39, Image 40 (1857) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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An Ordinance for the Prevention of Certain Practices on the Sabbath, § 2. It shall be unlawful for any person to enter upon, or travel over or through any garden, orchard, or field other than his own, or over or through any grounds of any other pe...

An Ordinance for the Prevention of Certain Practices on the Sabbath, § 2. It shall be unlawful for any person to enter upon, or travel over or through any garden, orchard, or field other than his own, or over or through any grounds of any other person; or discharge any gun or pistol upon his own or the premises of any other person or on any street or public highway within said city on the aforesaid first day of the week. § 3. Any person offending against any of the provisions of this ordinance shall be liable to a fine of not less than one dollar, nor more than twenty dollars for each and every offence.

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1825 N.H. Laws 74, An Act to Regulate the Keeping and Selling and Transporting of Gunpowder, ch. 61, § 5.

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[I]f any person or persons shall sell or offer for sale by retail any gunpowder in any highway, or in any street, lane, or alley, or on any wharf, or on parade or common, such person so offending shall forfeit and pay for each and every offence a sum n...

[I]f any person or persons shall sell or offer for sale by retail any gunpowder in any highway, or in any street, lane, or alley, or on any wharf, or on parade or common, such person so offending shall forfeit and pay for each and every offence a sum not more than five dollars nor less than one dollar, to be recovered and applied as aforesaid.

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1823 N.H. Laws 73-74, An Act to Establish a System of Police in the Town of Portsmouth, and for Other Purposes, ch. 34, § 4.

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That if any person or persons shall within the compact part of the town of Portsmouth, that is to say, within one mile of the courthouse, fire or discharge any cannon, gun, pistol or other fire arms, or beat any drum, (except by command of a military o...

That if any person or persons shall within the compact part of the town of Portsmouth, that is to say, within one mile of the courthouse, fire or discharge any cannon, gun, pistol or other fire arms, or beat any drum, (except by command of a military officer, having authority therefor) or fire or discharge any rockets, squibs, crackers, or any preparation of gunpowder, (except by the permission of the police officers, or of a major part of them first had in writing) . . . every such person, for every such act shall be taken and deemed to be an offender against the police of Portsmouth, and shall be liable to the penalties hereinafter expressed.

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1820 N.H. Laws 274-76, An Act to Provide for the Appointment of Inspectors and Regulating the Manufacture of Gunpowder, ch. 25, §§ 1-9.

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§ 1. [T]he Governor . . . is hereby authorized to appoint an inspector of gunpowder for every public powder magazine, and at every manufactory of gunpowder in this state, and such other places as may by him thought to be necessary[.] § 2. [F]...

§ 1. [T]he Governor . . . is hereby authorized to appoint an inspector of gunpowder for every public powder magazine, and at every manufactory of gunpowder in this state, and such other places as may by him thought to be necessary[.] § 2. [F]rom and after the first day of July next, all gunpowder which shall be manufactured within this state shall be composed of the following proportions and quality of materials . . . § 3. It shall be the duty of each of said inspectors to inspect, examine and prove all gunpowder which after the first day of July shall not be deposited at any publick [sic] powder magazine, or manufactory of this state . . . § 4. [N]o gunpowder within this state shall be considered to be of proof unless one ounce thereof, placed in a chamber of a four and an half inch howitzer, with the howitzer elevated so as to form an angle of forty-five degrees with the horizon, will, upon being fired throw a twelve pound shot seventy-five yards at the least. § 5. [W]henever any of said inspectors shall discover any gunpowder, deposited at any public powder magazine, or any other place within this state, which is not well manufactured or which is composed of impure materials . . . the inspector in such case, shall mark each cask containing such impure, ill manufactured, or deficient gunpowder, with the word “Condemned” on both heads of the cask . . . § 6. [I]f any person shall knowingly sell any condemned gunpowder . . . every such person, so offending, shall forfeit and pay not less than two hundred nor more than five hundred dollars . . . § 7. [E]ach inspector . . . be sworn to the faithful and impartial discharge of the duties of his office, and each inspector shall be allowed one cent for each pound of gunpowder, by him examined, inspected and proved . . . to be paid by the owner or owners of the gunpowder. § 8. [I]f any manufacturer of gunpowder shall sell or dispose of, or shall cause or permit to be sold or disposed of, or shall export or cause to be exported withou the limits of this state, any powder of his manufacture, before the same has been inspected and marked agreeably to the provisions of this act, he shall forfeit and pay the sum of fifty cents for every pound of powder so sold, disposed of, or exported, to be recovered in the manner provided in the sixth section of this act. § 9. [I]f any person with within this state . . shall knowingly sell, expose, or offer for sale, within this state, any gunpowder which is not well manufactured, or which is composed of impure materials, and which shall not be composed of the proof herein before required, shall forfeit and pay not less than five dollars nor more than fifty dollars for each and every offence, to be recovered in the manner provided in the sixth section of this act.

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1820 N.H. Laws 322, An Act for Forming, Arranging and Regulating the Militia, § 49.

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If any non-commissioned officer or private shall come on to any parade with his musket, rifle, or pistol loaded with powder and ball, slugs or shot, he shall for such offence forfeit not less than two nor more than ten dollars[.]

1795 N.H. Laws 525, An Act in Addition to an Act, Entitled, “An Act for Regulating the Militia within this State.”

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[N]o non-commissioned officer or private soldier, shall upon any muster day, or the evening of the same day, discharge and fire off a musket or gun in any public road, or near thereto, or in, or near to any house, or on, or near to the place of parade,...

[N]o non-commissioned officer or private soldier, shall upon any muster day, or the evening of the same day, discharge and fire off a musket or gun in any public road, or near thereto, or in, or near to any house, or on, or near to the place of parade, unless leave therefore be first had from a commissioned officer, on penalty of forfeiting for each offence so committed, the sum of one dollar, to be recovered by action before any Justice of the Peace within the county where such offense shall be committed, by any person who will sue therefor, with costs of prosecution.

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1795 N.H. Laws 525, An Act in Addition to an Act, Entitled, “An Act for Regulating the Militia within this State.”

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[E]very free, able bodied, white male citizen of this state, resident therein, who is, or shall be of the age of sixteen years and under forty years of age, under such exceptions as are made in said act, shall be enrolled in the militia, and shall in a...

[E]very free, able bodied, white male citizen of this state, resident therein, who is, or shall be of the age of sixteen years and under forty years of age, under such exceptions as are made in said act, shall be enrolled in the militia, and shall in all other respects be considered as liable to do the duties of the militia in the same way and manner, as those of the age of eighteen years and upwards . . .

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1793 N.H. Laws 464-65, An Act to Prevent the Keeping of Large Quantities of Gun-Powder in Private Houses in Portsmouth, and for Appointing a Keeper of the Magazine Belonging to Said Town.

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That if any person or persons, shall keep in any dwelling-house, store or other building on land, within the limits of said Portsmouth, except the magazine aforesaid, more than ten pounds of gun-powder at any one time, which ten pounds shall be kept in...

That if any person or persons, shall keep in any dwelling-house, store or other building on land, within the limits of said Portsmouth, except the magazine aforesaid, more than ten pounds of gun-powder at any one time, which ten pounds shall be kept in a tin canister, properly secured for the purpose, such person or persons shall forfeit the powder so kept to the firewards of said Portsmouth to be laid out by them in purchasing such utensils as they may judge proper for the extinguishing of the fire; and the said firewards are hereby directed and empowered to seize, and cause the same to be condemned in any court of record proper to hear and try the same, to be disposed of for the purchase aforesaid. And the offender shall also forfeit and pay a fine for the use of the poor of said Portsmouth, equal to the value of the powder so kept in any store, dwelling-house, or building; which fine, shall be sued for and recovered by the overseers of the poor of said Portsmouth, for the use of said poor, in any ourt of law proper to try the same.

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