1 Statutes of Ohio & Northwestern Territory 106 (Salmon P. Chase ed., 1833)

SEC. 4. Be it enacted, That if any person shall presume to discharge or fire, or cause to be discharged or fired, any gun or other fire-arms at any mark or object, or upon any pretence whatever, unless he or she shall at the same time be with such gun or fire-arms at the distance of at least one-quarter of a mile from the nearest building of any such city, town, village or station, such person shall for every such offence, forfeit and pay to the use of the county in which the same shall be committed, a sum not exceeding five dollars, not less than one dollar. And if any person being with a quarter of a mile of any city, town, village or station as aforesaid, shall at the same time wilfully discharge or fire any gun or fire-arms, or cause or procure the same to be discharged or fired, at any time after the setting of the sun and before the rising of the same, he or she so offending, shall in like manner forfeit and pay to the use aforesaid, a sum not exceeding five dollars, nor less than one dollar; reserving nevertheless to any person who will inform, and sue for either of the penalties hereinbefore last mentioned within one month from the commission of the offence, a moiety of the penalty which the party offending shall on conviction be adjudged to forfeit and pay, the other moiety thereof to go to the use of the county as aforesaid; which said several penalties, or either of them, shall be recoverable with costs, before any justice, judge, or court having cognizance of the same.

Provided always, That nothing herein contained shall be deemed or construed to extend to any person lawfully using fire-arms as offensive or defensive weapons, in annoying, or opposing a common enemy, or defending his or her person or property, or the person or property of any other, against the invasion or depredations of an enemy, or in the support of the laws and government; or against the attacks of rebels, highwaymen, robbers, thieves, or others unlawfully assailing him or her, or in any other manner where such opposition, defence, or resistance is allowed by the law of the land.

Provided also, That nothing herein contained shall be construed or extend to prevent the necessary military exercise, evolutions and firings of, or the discharging of cannon or small arms, by any soldiers or troops in the service of the United States, or of this territory, being in the field, or posted in or near any city, town, village, station, garrison, fort, encampment or other place, and acting under the immediate orders or by the special direction of the officer commanding the same. Nor shall any thing herein contained by intended or construed to extend to the act of killing or destroying birds of prey, or other wild birds, and mad or wild animals of the brute kind lurking among, in or near, or preying upon or threatening to prey upon and devour any kind of animal stock, or the corn, grain, and other produce in, of or belonging to any plantation, field, garden or other place within, adjoining, or in the vicinity of any city, town, village, or station: nor to the hindrance of any person shooting at or killing any of the larger kind of game or wild animals, such as buffaloes, bears, deer, hares, rabbits, turkeys, swans, geese that may happen at any time to come in view, or be passing or feeding near any city, or, or other place as aforesaid: but every person shooting at any of such game is hereby required to discharge the ball, or balls, shot, or missile weapon so employed in a direction from such city, town, village, or station towards the country so as such ball or balls, missile weapon, or shot, shall pass by or from, and go clear of the buildings pertaining to the same.

An Act establishing and regulating the militia, in Salmon Portland Chase, The Statutes of Ohio and of the Northwestern Territory, Adopted or Enacted from 1788 to 1833 inclusive: Together with the Ordinance of 1787; the Constitutions of Ohio and of the United States, and Various Public Instruments and Acts of Congress; Illustrated by a Preliminary Sketch of the History of Ohio; Numerous References and Notes and Copious Indexes. Vol. 1. Cincinnati, 1833. Available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

“Be it enacted . . . [t]hat each and every free, able bodied, white male citizen of the territory, who is or shall be the age of eighteen years, and under the age of forty five-years, except as is herein after excepted, shall . . . be enrolled in the militia . . . and every citizen, so enrolled and notified, shall, within six months thereafter, provide himself with a good musket, a sufficient bayonet and belt, or a fusee, two spare flints, a knapsack and a pouch, with a box therein, to contain not less than twenty-four cartridges, suited to the bore of his musket or susee, each cartridge to contain a proper quantity of powder and ball, or a good rifle, knapsack, pouch and powder horm, with twenty balls suited to the bore of his rifle, and a quarter of a pound of powder, and every enrolled person shall appear armed, accoutred (sic) and provided when called out to muster (sic), or in service, except when called out on company days, to exercise only, he may appear without a knapsack.”

1933 Ohio Laws 189-90, Reg. Sess., An Act. . . Relative to the Sale and Possession of Machine Guns, § 1.

That § 12819 of the General Code be supplemented . . . to read as follows:  Definitions. § 12819-3. For the purpose of this act, a machine gun, a light machine gun or a sub-machine gun shall be defined as any firearm which shoots automatically, or any firearm which shoots more than eighteen shots semi-automatically without reloading. Automatically as above used means that class of firearms which, while the trigger on the firearm is held back continues to fire successive shots. Semi-automatically means that class of firearm which discharges one shot only each time the trigger is pulled, no manual reloading operation being necessary between shots. Machine gun permit; application; bond or applicant; exceptions. § 12819-4. No person shall own, possess, transport, have custody of or use a machine gun, light machine gun or sub-machine gun, unless he first procures a permit therefor from and at the direction of the adjutant general of Ohio, who shall keep a complete record of each permit so issued. A separate permit shall be obtained for each gun so owned, possessed or used. The adjutant general shall require each applicant for such permit to give an accurate description of such weapon, the name of the person from whom it was or is to be obtained, the name of the person or persons to have custody thereof and the place of residence of the applicant and custodian. Before obtaining such permit each applicant shall give bond to the state of Ohio, to be approved by the adjutant general in the sum of five thousand dollars, conditioned to save the public harmless by reason of any unlawful use of such weapon while under the control of such applicant or under the control of another with his consent; and any person injured by such improper use may have recourse on said bond. Provided, however, that this section shall not affect the right of the national guard of Ohio, sheriffs, regularly appointed police officers of incorporated cities and villages, regularly elected constables, wardens and guards of penitentiaries, jails, prisons, penal institutions or financial institutions maintaining their own police force and such special officers as are now or may be hereafter authorized by law to possess and use such weapons when on duty.  Any person who owns, possesses or has custody of a machine gun, light machine gun or sub-machine gun at the time when this section shall become effective, shall have thirty days thereafter in which to comply with the provisions of this section. Penalty for possession, transportation, etc., without permit. § 12819-5. Whoever owns, possesses, transports or has custody of or uses a machine gun, light machine gun or sub-machine gun without a permit, as provided by section 12819-4 of the General Code, or whoever having such permit, uses or consents to the use by another of such weapon in an unlawful manner, shall be guilty of a felony and upon conviction thereof, shall be imprisoned in the penitentiary not less than one nor more than ten years. [War trophies excepted].

1913 Ohio Laws 906, An Act: A Bill to Amend  and Supplement [Certain] Sections . . . and to Repeal [Certain] Sections of the General Code; Relating to Children and to Females under Twenty-One Years of Age and to Organizations which Include within Their Objects Matters Relating to Children, ch. 11, §§ 12966-67.

§ 12966. Whoever sells of exhibits for sale, to a minor under sixteen years of age, a pistol manufactured of a metallic or hard substance, commonly known as a “toy pistol” or air gun, or any form of explosive gun ,shall be fined not less than ten dollars nor more than fifty dollars or imprisoned not less than ten days nor more than twenty days, or both, and be liable in damages to any person injured by such sale. § 12967. Whoever sells, barters, furnishes or gives to a minor under the age of seventeen years, an air-gun, musket, rifle, shotgun, revolver, pistol, or other fire-arm, or ammunition therefor, or, being the owner or having charge or control thereof, knowingly permits it to be used by a minor under such age, shall be fined not more than one hundred dollars or imprisoned in jail not more than thirty days, or both.

1904 Ohio Laws 471, An Act Creating a Fish and Game Commission, Prescribing Its Duties and Powers; to Provide for the Protection, Preservation and Propogation of Fish and Game in the State of Ohio and in and on the Waters Thereof and for the Enforcement of the Provisions of this Act and to Prescribe Penalties for Violations Thereof, §15.

No person shall hunt or shoot, or have in the open air for such purposes, any implements for hunting or shooting on any Sunday.

1902 Ohio Laws 23, Extraordinary Sess.,  An Act to Provide for the Organization of Cities and Incorporated Villages . . . and to Repeal All Sections of the Revised Statutes Inconsistent Herewith, § 7, pt. 11.

To regulate the transportation, keeping and sale of gunpowder and other explosives or dangerous combustibles and materials and to provide or license magazines for the same.

1900 Ohio Laws 730, An Act to Provide a License on Trades, Business and Professions Carried on . . . , §§24-25.

§ 24. All keepers or owners of gun powder magazines shall pay a license fee of one hundred dollars ($100) per annum, and shall notify the chief of the fire department, in writing, of the place where the same is kept or stored; but no license shall be issued under this section without the consent of the mayor. § 25. All keepers of shooting galleries shall pay a license fee of fifty dollars ($50) per annum, or for a less period of one year at a rate of ten dollars ($10) per month, no license to be issued for a less period than one month.

1900 Ohio Laws 235, An Act to Amend Section 6961 of the Revised Statutes (Bates’ Annotated) of Ohio, § 1.

No person shall, at any time, catch, kill, or injure, or pursue, with such intent any wild duck or wild goose, by the aid or use of any swivel or punt gun, or any other gun but a common shoulder gun.

1894 Ohio Laws 86-87, An Act to Prevent the Use of Air Guns or Other Arms or Implements by Which Hard or Dangerous Substance Is Shot, Forced or Thrown, § 1.

[I]t shall be unlawful for any person to shoot, force or throw, by the means of any air-gun or other arm or implement of any kind, and lead, iron or other hard substance upon any of the streets, alleys, lanes or public places within the state of Ohio, any person so offending shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and fined in any sum not more than twenty-five dollars nor less the one dollar.

1889 Ohio Laws 164, An Act to Amend Section 2669 of the Revised Statutes, as Amended April 22, 1885, § 1.

The council of the city or village may provide by ordinance for licensing all exhibiters of shows or performances of any kind, not prohibited by law, hawkers, peddlers, auctioneers of horses and other animals on the highways or public grounds of the corporation, venders [sic] of gun powder and other explosives, taverns and houses of public entertainment, and hucksters in the public streets or markets, and in granting such license, may extract and receive such sum of money as it may think reasonable[.]