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Ordinances Ordained and Established by the Mayor & City Council of the City of New Orleans.New Orleans, 1817.The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources. Web. 24 October 2019.

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Art. 10. It shall not be lawful for any person to have or keep within the city and suburbs, or within two miles of the same (except the public magazine, or place of depot appointed for that purpose) any quantity of gunpowder, at any one time, exceeding...

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Newport (R.I.). Charter of the City of Newport, R.I., And the Special State Laws Relating Thereto, Together With the Ordinances for the Government of the City. Newport, 1858.

| | Newport RI 1858Sec. 11. And be it further enacted, That no person whosoever shall fire a gun or other fire-works within one hundred yards of the said powder-house, upon the penalty of two dollars for every such offense, to be recovered by the town treasur...

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General orders of the Board of Supervisors providing regulations for the government of the City and County of San Francisco https://archive.org/details/generalordersofb1869sanf

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[Discharge of Cannon: Permit to be given by Mayor, and filed in office of Chief of Police. Discharge of Fire Arms prohibited within certain limits.]Sec. 22. No person shall discharge any cannon within that portion of this city and county lying between ...

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The Laws of the Earliest English Kings, Laws of King Alfred the Great: cap. 36

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It is moreover decreed: if a man have a spear over his shoulder, and any man stake himself upon it, that he pay the 'wer' without the 'wite.' if he stake himself before his face let him pay the 'wer.' If he be accused of wilfulness in the deed, let him...

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Laws of King Alfred the Great, A.D. Cir. 890, Cap. 38

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If a man fight before a king's ealdorman in the 'gemot,' let him make 'bot' with 'wer' and 'wite,' as it may be right; and before this, cxx. shillings to the ealdorman as 'wite.' If he disturb the folkmote by drawing his weapon, cxx. shillings to the e...

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Laws of King Alfred the Great, A.D. Cir. 890, Cap. 7

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If any man fight in the king's hall, or draw his weapon, and he be taken; be it in the king's doom, either death or life, as he may be willing to grant him. If he escape, and be taken again, let him pay for himself according to his wer-gild, and make a...

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The Dialogue Concerning the Exchequer, circa 1080, Book 1, § 12

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The forest of the king is the safe dwelling-place of wild beasts; not of every kind, but of the kinds that live in woods; not in all places, but in fixed ones, and ones suitable for the purpose; whence it is called "forests," the " e " being changed in...

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13 Edw. I (1285) (Eng.) (Statutes for the City of London)

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"It is enjoined that none be so hardy to be found going or wandering about the Streets of the City, after Curfew tolled at St. Martins le Grand, with Sword or Buckler, or other Arms for doing Mischief, or whereof evil suspicion might arise; nor any in ...

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7 Edw. 2, 170 (1313)

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The King [to the Justices of his Bench,] sendeth Greeting, Whereas of late before certain Persons deputed to treat upon sundry debates had between Us and certain great Men of our Realm, amongst other things it was accorded, That in our next Parliament ...

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2 Edw. 3, 320, ch. 3 (1328)

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Item, it is enacted, That no Man great nor small, of what Condition soever he be, except the King's Servants in his presence, and his Ministers in executing of the King's Precepts, of their Office, and such as be in their Company assisting them, and al...

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Statutory Crime of Affray, 25 Edw. 3, stat. 5, c. 2, § 13 (1350)

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and if percase any man of this realm ride armed [covertly] or secretly with Men of arms against any other to flay him, or rob him, or take him, or retain him till he hath made Fine or Ransom for to have his Deliverance, it is not the mind of the King n...

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7 Ric. 2, 35, ch. 13 (1383)

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Item, it is ordained and assented, and also the King doth prohibit, That from henceforth no Man shall ride in Harness within the Realm, contrary to the Form of the Statute of Northampton thereupon made, neither with Launcegay within the Realm, the whic...

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7 Ric. 2, 35, ch. 13 (1383)

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Item, it is ordained and assented, and also the King doth prohibit, That from henceforth no Man shall ride in Harness within the Realm, contrary to the Form of the Statute of Northampton thereupon made, neither with Launcegay within the Realm, the whic...

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20 Ric. 2, 93, ch. 1 (1396)

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First, whereas in a Statute made the Seventh Year of the Reign of the King that now is, it is ordained and assented, That no Man shall ride armed within the Realm, against the form of the Statute of Northampton thereupon made, nor with Launcegays withi...

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4 Hen 4, c. 29

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It is ordained and established, that from henceforth no Man be armed nor bear defensible armor to Merchant Towns Churches nor Congregations in the same, nor in the Highways, in affray of the Peace or the King's Liege people, upon pain of imprisonment, ...

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26 Hen. 8, c. 6, § 3 (1534)

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And also be it enacted by authority aforesaid, that no person or persons dwelling or residing within Wales or the Lordship marches of the same, of what estate degree or condition so ever he or they be of, coming, resorting or repairing unto any Session...

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33 Hen. 8, c. 6, § 1, An Act Concernin Crossbows and Handguns (1541).

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Where in the Parliament holden at Westminster the fifteenth day of January in the twenty-fifth year of the King’s most gracious reign, and there continued and kept until the thirtieth day of March then next ensuing, among diverse and sundry whole...

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1629 Va. Acts 151, Acts of March 24th, 1629, Act 5, available at https://archive.org/details/statutesatlargeb01virg

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For the better furtherance and advancement of staple commodities, and more especially that of potashes and saltpeeter, it is thought fit that every master of a family within the several plantations of this colony shall use their best endeavors to prese...

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1631 Va. Acts 174, Acts Of February 24th, 1631, Act LVI, available at https://archive.org/details/statutesatlargeb01virg

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It is ordered and appointed, that the commanders of all the several plantations, do upon holy days exercise the men under his command, and that the commanders yearly do likewise upon the first day of December, take a muster of their men, together with ...

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1631 Va. Acts 173, Acts Of February 24th, 1631, Acts XLVII, XLVIII, LI, available at https://archive.org/details/statutesatlargeb01virg

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Act XLVII: No man shall go or send abroade without a sufficient party well armed. Act XLVIII: No man shall go to work in the grounds without their arms, and a sentinel upon them. Act LI: All men that are fitting to bear arms, shall bring their pieces t...

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1632 Va. Acts 198, Acts of September 4th, 1632, Act XLV, available at https://archive.org/details/statutesatlargeb01virg

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All men that are fitting to bear arms, shall bring their pieces to the church upon pain for every offence, if the default be in the master, to pay 2lb of tobacco, to be disposed by the church-wardens, who shall levy it by distress, and the servants sha...

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1633 Va. Acts 219, Acts Made by the Grand Assembly, Holden At James City, August 21st, 1633, An Act That No Arms or Ammunition Be Sold To The Indians, Act X, https://archive.org/details/statutesatlargeb01virg

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It is ordered and appointed, That if any person or persons shall sell or barter any guns, powder, shot, or any arms or ammunition unto any Indian or Indians within this territory, the said person or persons shall forfeit to public uses all the goods an...

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The Charters And General Laws Of The Colony And Province Of Massachusetts Bay Page 133, Image 140 (1814) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Laws of the Colony of Massachusetts 1633, 37. § 2. And it is ordered, that no person whatsoever, shall henceforth buy land of any Indian without license first had and obtained of the general court, and if any offend herein, such land so bought sha...

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1636-1748 R.I. Pub. Laws 31, At A General Assembly Held For Rhode Island Colony At Newport 6th of May, 1679

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That if any person or persons shall presume to sport game or play at any manner of game or games or shooting out any gun or shall set tipling & drinking in any tavern alhouse ordinary or vitling house on the first day of the week more than neccesit...

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1639 N.J. Laws 18, Ordinance of the Director and Council of New Netherland, Prohibiting the Sale of Firearms, etc. to Indians . . .

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Whereas the Director General and Council of New Netherland have observed that many persons, both Servants of the Company and Inhabitants, have contrary to the orders and commands of their High Mightiness the Lords States General and the Incorporated We...

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1640 N.Y. Laws 23, Ordinance of the Director and Council of New Netherland, Providing for the Arming and Mustering of the Militia in Case of Danger,

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The Hon. Director and Council have considered it advisable to ordain that the Inhabitants residing at and around Fort Amsterdam, of what state, quality or condition soever they be, shall each provide himself with a good gun and keep the same in good re...

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1642 N.Y. Laws 33, Ordinance Of The Director And Council Of New Netherland Against Drawing A Knife And Inflicting A Wound Therewith

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. . . No one shall presume to draw a knife much less to would any person, under the penalty of fl.50, to be paid immediately, or, in default, to work three months with the Negroes in chains; this, without any respect of person. Let every one take heed ...

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1642 Va. Acts 255, Acts of March 2nd, 1642, Act XXIII, available at https://archive.org/details/statutesatlargeb01virg

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Be it also enacted and confirmed, that what person or persons soever shall sell or barter with any Indian or Indians for piece, powder and shot and being thereof lawfully convicted, shall forfeit his whole estate . . . and if any person shall barter or...

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1642 Va. Acts 261, Acts of March 2nd, 1642, Act XXXV, available at https://archive.org/details/statutesatlargeb01virg

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Be it further enacted and confirmed, for the better observation of the Sabbath and for the restraint of diverse abuses committed in the colony by unlawful shooting on the Sabbath day as aforesaid, unless it shall be for the safety of his or their plant...

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1642 Va. Acts 248, Acts of March 2nd, 1642, Act XI, available at https://archive.org/details/statutesatlargeb01virg

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Whereas the rights and interests of the inhabitants are very much infringed by hunting and shooting of diverse men upon their neighbors lands and dividends contrary to the privileges granted to them by their patents, whereby many injuries do daily happ...

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1642 Va. Acts 263, Acts of March 2nd 1642, Act XLI, available at https://archive.org/details/statutesatlargeb01virg

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It is enacted and confirmed that masters of every family shall bring with them to church on Sundays one fixed and serviceable gun with sufficient powder and shot upon penalty of ten pound of tobacco for every master of a family so offending to be dispo...

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Laws And Ordinances Of New Netherland, 1638-1674 Page 35, Image 67 (A1868) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Ordinance of the Director and Council of New Netherland Regulating the Burgher Guard, § 4 (1643). After the watch is duly performed, and daylight is come, and the reveille beaten, whosoever discharges any gun or musket, without orders of his Corpo...

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1645 N.Y. Laws 47, By The Director And council Of New Netherland Further Prohibiting The Sale Of Firearms, etc., To Indians

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Whereas the Director General and Council of New Netherland having long ere this noticed the dangerous practice of selling Guns, Powder and Lead to the Indians, and moreover published at the time an Ordinance prohibiting the same on pain of Death, notwi...

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1651 Va. Acts 365, Articles At The Surrender Of The Country, art. 13, available at https://archive.org/details/statutesatlargeb01virg

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Articles Agreed On And Concluded At James City In Virginia For The Surrendering And Settling Of That Plantation Under The Obedience And Government Of The Commonwealth Of England . . . Art. 13: That all ammunition, powder and arms, other than for privat...

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Laws And Ordinances Of New Netherland 1638-1674 Page 138, image 170 (1868) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[Ordinances of New Amsterdam,] Ordinance of the Director and Council of New Netherland against Firing at Partridges or other Game within the Limits of New Amsterdam. Whereas, many guns are daily discharged and fired at Partridges and other game within ...

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1652 N.Y. Laws 138, Ordinance Of The Director And Council Of New Netherland Against Firing At Partridges Or Other Game Within The Limits Of New Amsterdam

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. . . the Hon. Director General and Council, in order to prevent accidents, expressly forbid and interdict all person henceforward firing within the jurisdiction of this city or about the Fort, with any guns at Partridges or other Game that may by chan...

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1655 Va. Acts 401, Acts of March 10, 1655, Act XII, available at https://archive.org/details/statutesatlargeb01virg

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What persons or persons soever shall, after publication hereof, shoot any guns at drinking (marriages and funerals only excepted) that such person or persons so offending shall forfeit 100 lb. of tobacco to be levied by distress in case of refusal and ...

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1656 N.Y. Laws 235, Ordinance Of The Director And Council Of New Netherland Renewing The Ordinances For The Formation Of Villages, And Against Admitting Armed Indians Into Cities, Villages And Houses

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. . . further, in order to prevent such dangers of isolated murders and assassinations, the Director General and Council, with the advice of the Burgomasters of this city, cannot for the present devise any better or other expedient than already stated,...

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1657, Va. Acts 434, Acts of March 13th 1657-8, Act III, The Sabbath to Be Kept Holy, available at https://archive.org/details/statutesatlargeb01virg

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That the Lord’s day be kept holy, and that no journeys be made except in case of emergent necessity on that day, that no goods be laden in boats nor shooting in guns . . . the party delinquent to pay one hundred pounds of tobacco or laid in the s...

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1657, Va. Acts 437, Acts of March 13th 1657-8, Against Shooting On Other Men’s Lands, Act XIII, available at https://archive.org/details/statutesatlargeb01virg

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If any planter or person shall hunt or shoot upon or within the limits or precincts of his neighbor or others’ dividends without leave first obtained for his so doing and having been warned by the owner of the land, to forbear hunting and shootin...

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Militia Act of 1662, 13 & 14 Car. 2, c. 3, § 13 (1662)

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XIII. and for the better securing the Peace of the Kingdom be it further enacted and ordained and the respective Lieutenants or any two or more of their deputies are hereby enabled and authorized from time to time by Warrant under their Hands and Seals...

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The Charters And General Laws Of The Colony And Province Of Massachusetts Bay Page 190, Image 197 (1814) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Colony Laws. § 4. Be it also enacted by the authority of this court, that no masters of ships, or seamen, having their vessels riding within any of our harbors in this jurisdiction, shall presume to drink healths, or suffer any healths to be drunk...

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The Public Records Of The Colony Of Connecticut, Prior To The Union With New Haven Colony, May, 1665 Page 79, Image 91 (1850) available atThe Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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It is ordered, that no man within this Jurisdiction shall directly or indirectly amend, repair, or cause to be amended or repaired, any gun small or great belonging to any Indian, nor shall endure the same, nor shall sell or give to any Indian, directl...

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The Public Records Of The Colony Of Connecticut, Prior To The Union With New Haven Colony, May, 1665 Page 113-114, Image 125-126 (1850) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Whereas it is observed that the Dutch and French do sell and trade to the Indians guns, pistols, and warlike instruments. It is not ordered, that nor person within these liberties shall at any time sell nether gun nor pistol, nor any instrument of war,...

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1665 N.Y. Laws 205, Ordinance Of The Director General And Council Of New Netherland To Prevent Firing Of Guns, Planting May Poles And Other Irregularities Within This Province

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Whereas experience hath demonstrated and taught that, besides an unnecessary waste of powder, much Drunkenness and other insolence prevail on New Year’s and May Days, by firing of guns, planting May poles and carousing; also other deplorable acci...

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Records Of The Colony Of New Plymouth In New England. Boston Page 230, Image 241 (1861) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Laws of Plymouth Colony (1671). Whereas several persons have been greatly endangered by setting of guns, it is enacted by the Court and the authority thereof that none shall sett any guns except in enclosures and that the gun be sufficiently enclosed s...

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Records Of The Colony Of New Plymouth In New England Page 177, Image 183 (1856) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[Laws of the Colony of Plymouth] (1675). It is ordered by the Court, that whoever shall shoot of any gun on any necessary occasion, or at any game whatsoever, except at an Indian or a wolf, shall forfeit five shillings for every such shot, till further...

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Records Of The Colony Of New Plymouth In New England Page 173, Image 179 (1856) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Laws of the Colony of New Plymouth (1675). Forasmuch as by frequent and sad experience it is found, that selling etc., of arms and ammunition to the Indians is very poisonous and destructive to the English, it is therefore ordered, decreed, and enacted...

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Charter To William Penn, And Laws Of The Province Of Pennsylvania, Passed Between The Years 1682 And 1700 Page 32, Image 37 (1879) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Laws of the Duke of York, Indians (1676). No person shall sell give or barter directly or indirectly any gun or guns powder, bullet, shot, lead nor any vessel of burthen, or row boat canoes only excepted without license first had and obtained under the...

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Records Of The Colony Of Rhode Island And Providence Plantations, In New England Page 561, Image 563 (1857) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Laws from a meeting of the Governor and Council of Rhode Island January 22, 1676-77. Ordered, the Council taking in their serious considerations not only the inconveniencies, but the discontent which arises in several inhabitants of this Island, by rea...

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The Fundamental Constitutions for the Province of East New Jersey in America, (1683) art. VII

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. . . the great Assembly should have power, by act confirmed as there expressed, to erect, raise and build within the said Province, or any part thereof, such and so many forts, castles, cities and other places of defense, and the same, or any of them,...

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The Grants, Concessions, And Original Constitutions Of The Province Of New Jersey Page 289-290; Image 293-294 (1881) available at The Making Of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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An Act Against Wearing Swords, Etc. Whereas there hath been great complaint by the inhabitants of this Province, that several persons wearing swords, daggers, pistols, dirks, stilettoes, skeines, or any other unusual or unlawful weapons, by reason of w...

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An Act for the better secureing the Government by disarming Papists and reputed Papists, 1 W. & M. ch. 15 (1689).

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For the better secureing of the Government against Papists and reputed Papists bee it enacted by the King and Queens most excellent Majestyes by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spirituall and Temporall and Commons in this present Parlyamen...

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The Documentary History Of The State Of New – York Page 222-223, Image 228-229 (1849) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[By the Court of Albany, etc. (1690) Whereas diverse persons daily waste powder which is of such necessary use for defense of this City and County of Albany, and although many have been advertised thereof yet persist in the same: These are in his majes...

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1693 Mass. Acts 48, An Act for Regulating of the Militia, ch. 3, §§ 1, 5

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§ 1. That all male persons from sixteen years of age to sixty, (other than such as are herein after excepted), shall bear arms, and duly attend all musters and military exercises of the respective troops and companies where they are listed . . . &...

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1694 Mass. Laws 12, no. 6, An Act for the Punishing of Criminal Offenders.

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Further it is Enacted by the authority aforesaid, That every Justice of the Peace in the County where the Offence is committed , may cause to be staid and arrested all Affrayers, Rioters, Disturbers, or Breakers of the Peace, and such as shall ride or ...

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The Grants, Concessions, And Original Constitutions Of The Province Of New Jersey Page 341, Image 345 (1881) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[An Act Concerning Slaves, Etc. Whereas complaint is made by the inhabitants of this Province, that they are greatly injured by slaves having liberty to carry guns and dogs into the woods and plantations, under the pretense of gunning, do kill swine. B...

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The Acts And Resolves, Public And Private, Of The Province Of The Massachusetts Bay Page 268, Image 298 (1869) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[Acts of the Province of Massachusetts Bay] (1697) § 3. That no person or persons whatsoever, in any town or garrison, shall presume to discharge or shoot off any gun or guns after the shutting in of the daylight in the evening, or before daylight...

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The Charters And General Laws Of The Colony And Province Of Massachusetts Bay Page 343, Image 350 (1814) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Province Laws. An Act for Putting the Milita of this Province into a Readiness for Defense of the Same. § 3. Be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that no person or persons whatsoever in any town or garrison, shall during the time of w...

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Pennsylvania Archives. Selected And Arranged From Original Documents In The Office Of The Secretary Of The Commonwealth, Conformably To Acts Of The General Assembly, February 15, 1851, & March 1, 1852 Page 160, Image 162 (1852) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Pennsylvania Archives 1713, The Act for the Better Government of the City of Philadelphia (1713), This Act inflicts 5s penalty on persons riding a gallop and 10s for persons trotting, with Drays or their Teams in the streets, and 5th for suffering a Do...

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1713 An Act To Prohibit Shooting Or Firing Off Guns Near The Road Or Highway On Boston Neck.

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That no person or persons, from and after the publication of this Act, may presume to discharge or fire off any gun upon Boston Neck within ten rods of the road or highway leading over the same, on pain of forfeiting and paying the sum of twenty shilli...

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1672-1714 Conn. Acts 3, False Alarms.

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It is ordered by the Authority of this Court; That if any person or persons in this Colony, without just and necessary occasion to do so, shall cause any Alarm, by firing any Gun or Guns, or otherwise, in any of our Plantations, at any time between the...

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1715 Md. Laws 90, An Act for the speedy trial of criminals, and ascertaining their punishment in the county courts when prosecuted there, and for payment of fees due from criminal persons, chap. 26, § 7

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And, to prevent the abusing, hurting or worrying of any stock of hogs, cattle or horses, with dogs, or otherwise, Be It Enacted, That if any person or persons whatsoever, that have been convicted of any of the crimes aforesaid, or other crimes, or that...

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1715 Md. Laws 117, An Act For The Speedy Trial Of Criminals, And Ascertaining Their Punishment In The County Courts When Prosecuted There, And For Payment Of Fees Due From Criminal Persons, chap. 26, § 32

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That no negro or other slave within this province shall be permitted to carry any gun, or any other offensive weapon, from off their master’s land, without licence from their said master; and if any negro or other slave shall presume so to do, he...

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1715 Mass. Acts 311, An Act in Addition to an Act for Erecting of a Powder-house In Boston.

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...That, from and after the publication hereof, any person within the town of Boston, that shall presume to keep, in his house or Warehouse, any powder, above what is by law allowed, shall forfeit and pay, for every half-barrel, the sum of five pounds ...

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1717 Mass. Acts 336, An Act For The Better Regulation Of Fowling

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...That if any person or persons shall, at any time after two months from the publication of this act, make use of any boat, canoe, float, raft or other vessel, wherewith to approach to, and shoot at any waterfowl, in any part of this province, he or t...

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1717 Mass. Acts 336, An Act For The Better Regulation Of Fowling.

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And every such offender shall be, and hereby is prohibited and restrained from using a gun to shoot at waterfowl for the space of three years next after his offence, upon the like penalty of forty shillings for each time he shall presume so to offend, ...

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1719 Mass. Acts 347, An Act for the Punishing and Preventing of Dueling, ch. 10, § 1

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... That whoever ... fight a duel, combat, or engage in a rencounter with rapier, or small-sword, back-sword, pistol, or any other dangerous weapon, to the danger of life, mayhem, or wounding of the parties, or the affray of his Majesty’s good su...

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1719 Mass. Acts 348, An Act In Further Addition To An Act For Erecting A Powder House In Boston, ch. III, § 1

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... That, from and after the publication of this Act, no gunpowder shall be kept on board any ship, or other vessel, lying to or grounded at any wharf within the port of Boston. And if any gunpowder shall be found on board such ship or vessel lying agr...

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The Statutes at Large of Pennsylvania, c. 142, p. 254, An Act to Prevent the Killing of Deer out of Season, And Against Carrying of Guns or Hunting by Persons not qualified.

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Be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, That if any person or persons shall presume, at any time after the sixteenth day of November, in this present year on thousand seven hundred and twenty one, to carry any gun or hunt on the improved or inclosed ...

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[ Act of 26th August 1721]

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[An Act of 9th of February, 1750-51, § 1. If any person or persons whatsoever, within any county, town or within any other town or borough in this province, already built and settled, or hereafter to be built and settled , not hitherto restricted ...

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9 Geo. 1, c. 22 (1723), An act for the more effectual punishing wicked and evil-disposed persons going armed in disguise, and doing injuries and violences to the persons and properties of his Majesty’s subjects, and for the more speedy bringing the offenders to justice.

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I. WHEREAS several ill-designing and disorderly persons have of late associated themselves under the name of Blacks, and entered into confederacies to support and assist one another in stealing and destroying of deer, robbing of warrens and fish-ponds,...

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1723 Conn. Acts 292, An Act For Preventing Lending Guns, Ammunition etc. to the Indians.

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. . . [N]o Persons or Persons within this Colony, shall be Allowed or Admitted to Prosecute before any Assistant or Justice of the Peace or Court of Judicature in this Colony, any Action of Debt, Detinue, or other Action whatsoever for any Gun or Guns,...

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1725 Pa. Laws 31, An Act For The Better Securing Of The City Of Philadelphia From The Danger Of Gunpowder, § 2.

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No person whatever within the precincts of the city of Philadelphia aforesaid, nor within Two Miles thereof, shall, from and after the Time the Powder Store aforesaid is so erected and finished presume to keep in any House, Shop, Cellar, Store, or Plac...

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1728 Mass. Acts 516, An Act for Repealing an Act Entitled, “An Act For The Punishing And Preventing Of Dueling,” and for Making Other Provisions Instead Thereof, ch. 5.

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...That whoever from and after the publication of this Act shall be so hardy and wicked as to fight a duel, or for private malice, displeasure, fury or revenge, voluntarily engage in a rencounter, with rapier or small-sword, backsword, pistol or any ot...

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1715-55 N.C. Sess. Laws 36, An Additional Act to an Act for Appointing Toll-Books, and for Preventing People from Driving Horses, Cattle, or Hogs to Other Persons’ Lands, ch. 5, § 7.

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And whereas great damages are frequently done, by slaves being permitted to hunt or range with dogs or guns: For prevention whereof, it shall not be lawful for any slave, on any pretence whatsoever, to go, range, or hunt on any person's land other than...

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An Alphabetical Digest Of The Public Statute Law Of South-Carolina. Charleston, 1814 Page 37, Image 41 (1814) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Malicious Mischief. § 13. And whereas an ill custom has prevailed in this province, of firing guns in the night time; for the prevention thereof for the future, Be it enacted, That if any person shall fire or shoot off any gun or pistol in the nig...

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1731-43 S.C. Acts 174, § 41

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XLI. And Whereas an ill custom has prevailed in this Province, of firing guns in the night time; for the prevention thereof for the future, be it enacted that if any person shall fire or shoot off any gun or pistol in the night time after dark and befo...

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1731-43 S.C. Acts 168, § 23

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It shall not be lawful for any slave, unless in the presence of some white person, to carry or make use of firearms or any offensive weapon whatsoever, unless such negro or slave shall have a ticket or license in writing from his master, mistress or ov...

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1718-1741 N.J. Laws 101, An Act to Prevent Killing of Deer out of Season and against Carrying of Guns and Hunting by Persons not Qualified, ch. 35, § 4.

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[T]hat if any Person or Persons shall presume, at any Time after the Publication hereof, to carry any Gun, or hunt on the improved or inclosed Lands in any Plantation, other than his own unless he have Licence or Permission from the Owner of such Lands...

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Documents Relative To The Colonial History Of The State Of New-York Page 254-255, Image 274-275 (1855) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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A letter from Governor Clinton to the Lords of Trade. . . . I have taken every other precaution in my power to guard against my surprise by sending circular orders to the respective Colonels of Militia and to the Captains of his Majesty’s Compani...

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Henry Potter, et. Al., Laws of the State of North Carolina 169-70 (1819)

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Whereas by the brefore recited act, it is, among other things, enacted, That it shall not be lawful for any person to kill or destroy any deer, running wild in the woods or unfenced grounds in this government, by guns, or any other ways or means whatso...

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1746 Mass. Acts 208, An Act to Prevent the Firing of Guns Charged with Shot or Ball in the Town of Boston, chap. 11, §§ 1 to 3

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§ 1. That no person or persons, from and after the publication of this act, shall presume to discharge or fire off any cannon laden with shot, from any wharf or vessel . . . (within certain areas) § 2. That no person shall . . . discharge any...

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1750 Pa. Laws 208, An Act For The More Effectual Preventing Accidents Which May Happen By Fire, And For Suppressing Idleness, Drunkenness, And Other Debaucheries

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That if any persons or persons whatsoever, within any county town, or within any other town or borough, in this province, already built and settled, or hereafter to be built and settled . .. shall fire any gun or other fire-arm, or shall make or cause ...

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1750-1756 N.J Laws 444, An Act Regulating Taverns, Ordinaries, Inn Keepers and Retailers of Strong Liquors, ch. 112, § 4.

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That if any Negro or Mulatto Slave or Slaves shall be seen or found from his or their Masters [sic] House, after the Hour of Nine at Night except on their Masters [sic] or Mistresses [sic] particular Business, or shall be seen to hunt, or carrying a Gu...

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Ordinances of the Corporation of the District of Southwark and the Acts of Assembly Relating Thereto Page 49, Image 47 (1829) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[Ordinances of the District of Southwark,] An Act for the More Effectual Preventing [of] Accidents, etc. § 1. Be it enacted, That if any person shall fire any gun or other fire-arm, or shall make, or cause to be made, or sell or utter, or offer to...

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1749-51 Mass. Acts 339, An Act For Preventing And Suppressing Of Riots, Routs And Unlawful Assemblies, chap. 12, § 1

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If any persons to the number of twelve or more, being armed with clubs or other weapons. . . shall be unlawfully, riotously, or tumultuously assembled . . . (Read riot act, if don’t disperse) . . . It shall be lawful for every officer . . . to se...

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1757 Mass. Acts 51, An Act in Addition to the Several Acts of This Province for Regulating the Militia, ch. 12

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... That the Captain or Chief Officer of each military foot company, shall instruct and employ his Company in military exercises six days in a year . . . and on each of said days he shall make a strict enquiry into the state of the arms and ammunition ...

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1757 Va. Acts 334, An Act for Better Regulating and Disciplining the Militia, ch. 1

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I. WHEREAS it is necessary, in this time of danger, that the militia of this Colony should be well regulated and disciplined, Be it therefore enacted, by the Lieutenant-Governor, Council, and Burgesses, of this present General Assembly… that fro...

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1759-76 N.H. Laws 63, An Act about Powder Money.

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That every foreign ship or vessel above thirty tons, coming into any port or part of this province from over the sea to trade or traffick [sic], all or the major part of the owners whereof are not actually inhabitants of this province, shall, every voy...

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1759-76 N.H. Laws 115-16, An Act in Addition to the Act for Regulating the Militia.

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[N]o person or persons whatever in any town or garrison within this province, shall during the time of war, or of keeping a military watch in such town or garrison, presume to discharge or shoot off any gun or guns after sun-setting, or before the sun'...

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A Digest of the Laws of Pennsylvania 270 (1818), Act of April 9th, 1760.

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And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That no person whatsoever shall presume to shoot at or kill with a firearm any pigeon, dove, partridge, or other fowl in the open streets of the city of Philadelphia, or in the gardens, orchards and...

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Laws of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, from the Fourteenth Day of October, One Thousand Seven Hundred, to the Twentieth Day of March, One Thousand Eight Hundred and Ten Page 229, Image 288 (Vol. 1, 1810) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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An Act to Prevent the hunting of deer, and other wild beasts, beyond the limits of the lands purchased of the Indians by the Proprietaries of this Province, and Against Killing Deer out of Season (1760), § VI. And whereas diverse abuses, damages a...

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Clement S. Miller, A Digest of the Ordinances of the Corporation of the City of Philadelphia; and of the Acts of Assembly Relating Thereto Page 87, Image 91 (1828) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Ordinances of Philadelphia, Act of April 9, 1760, § 7. No person whatsoever shall presume to shoot at, or kill with a fire arm, any pigeon, dove, partridge, or other fowl, in the open streets of the city of Philadelphia, or in the gardens, orchard...

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1762 R.I. Pub. Laws 132

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And be it further Enacted by the Authority aforesaid, That no person whatsoever shall fire a gun or other fireworks within one hundred yards of the said powder house, upon the penalty of paying a fine of ten shillings lawful money, for every such offen...

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1762 R.I. Pub. Laws 132, An Act of June 1762.

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And be it further Enacted by the Authority Aforesaid, That every person who shall import gunpowder into the town of Newport aforesaid shall cause the same to be conveyed immediately to the powder house at the North Easterly part of town, before the ves...

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1757-68 Md. Acts 53, An Act for Prohibiting all Trade with the Indians, for the Time Therein Mentioned, ch. 4, § 3

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That it shall not be lawful for any Person or Persons within this Province, to sell or give to any Indian Woman or Child, any Gun-powder, Shot, or Lead, whatsoever, nor to any Indian Man within this Province, more than the Quantity of one Pound of Gun-...

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Laws, Statutes, Ordinances and Constitutions, Ordained, Made and Established, by the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty, of the City of New York, Convened in Common-Council, for the Good Rule and Government of the Inhabitants and Residents of the Said City Page 18-19, Image 19-20 (1763) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[Ordinances of the City of New York, § XII. And be it further ordained by the authority aforesaid, That the Prices and Rates to be taken by Cart-Men for the carriage of firewood, goods, wares and merchandise, and other things within this city,be a...

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Laws, Statutes, Ordinances and Constitutions, Ordained, Made and Established, by the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty, of the City of New York, Convened in Common-Council, for the Good Rule and Government of the Inhabitants and Residents of the Said City Page 20, Image 21 (1763) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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§ XVI. And whereas the present store-keeper of the magazine with the consent of the corporation, for the more safe conveying of gun-powder to and from the said magazine, hath provided leather bags, or covers, in order to cover all casks of gun pow...

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1763 Pa. Laws 319, An Act to Prohibit the Selling of Guns, Gunpowder or Other Warlike Stores to the Indians, § 1.

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If any person or persons whatsoever shall directly or indirectly give to, sell barter or exchange with any Indian or Indians whatsoever any guns, gunpowder, shot, bullets, lead or other warlike stores without license . . . every such person or persons ...

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Laws, Statutes, Ordinances and Constitutions, Ordained, Made and Established, by the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty, of the City of New York, Convened in Common-Council, for the Good Rule and Government of the Inhabitants and Residents of the Said City Page 39, Image 40 (1763) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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A Law for the Better Securing of the City of New York from the Danger of Gun Powder. Be it therefore ordained by the Mayor, Aldermen and Commonality of the City of New York, convened in Common Council, and it is hereby ordained by the authority of the ...

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John. A Haywood, Manual of the Laws of North-Carolina, Arranged under Distinct Heads in Alphabetical Order. With References from One Head to Another, When a Subject is Mentioned in Any Other Part of the Book Than under the Distinct Where It is Placed Page 178, Image 186 (1801) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Hunting. 1768. § 2. From and after the First day of January next, no person whatever (masters excepted) not having a freehold of one hundred acres of land within this province, or tending ten thousand corn hills, at least five feet distance each, ...

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A Collection Of Original Papers Relative To The History Of The Colony Of Massachusetts-Bay Page 492, Image 497 (1769) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Laws of the Colony of Massachusetts, That notwithstanding the ancient law of the country, made in the year 1633, that no person should sell any arms or ammunition to any Indian upon penalty of 10l. for every gun, 5l. for a pound of powder, and 40s. for...

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An Act for the Better Security of the Inhabitants by Obliging the Male White Persons to Carry Fire Arms to Places of Public Worship, 1770, reprinted in 1775-1770 Georgia Colonial Laws 471 (1932).

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Whereas it is necessary for the security and defence of this provicnce for internal dangers and insurrections that all persons resorting to places of public worship shall be obliged ot carry arms. 1. BE IT ENACTED, That immediately from and after the p...

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Charles Nettleton, Laws of the State of New-Jersey Page 26, Image 53 (1821) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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An Act for the Preservation of Deer, and other game, and to prevent trespassing with guns (1771), § 1. Be it Enacted by the Governor, Council and General Assembly of this colony of New Jersey, and it is hereby enacted by the authority of the same,...

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Charles Nettleton, Laws of the State of New-Jersey Page 25-26, Image 52-53 (1821) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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An Act for the Preservation of Deer, and other game, and to prevent trespassing with guns (Dec. 21, 1771): Whereas the laws heretofore passed in this colony, for the preservation of deer and other game, and to prevent trespassing with guns, traps, and ...

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1763-1775 N.J. Laws 346, An Act for the Preservation of Deer and Other Game, and to Prevent Trespassing with Guns, ch. 539, § 10.

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And Whereas a most dangerous Method of setting Guns has too much prevailed in this Province, Be it Enacted by the Authority aforesaid, That if any Person or Persons within this Colony shall presume to set any loaded Gun in such Manner as that the same ...

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By-Laws and Ordinances of the City of Pittsburgh, and the Acts of Assembly Relating Thereto; with Notes and References to Judicial Decisions Thereon, and an Appendix, Relating to Several Subjects Connected with the Laws and Police of the City Corporation Page 28-29, Image 30-31 (1828) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Ordinances of the City of Pittsburgh, An Act to Suppress the Disorderly Practice of Firing Guns, etc on the times therein mentioned, § 1. That if after the publication of this act, any person or persons shall, on any thirty-first day of December, ...

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1774 Pa. Laws 411, An Act To Suppress The Disorderly Practice Of Firing Guns, etc, On The Times Therein Mentioned, § 1

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That if after the publication of this act any person or persons shall on any thirty-first day of December or first or second day of January in every year, wantonly, and without reasonable occasion, discharge and fire off any hand-gun, pistol or other f...

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Laws of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, from the Fourteenth Day of October, One Thousand Seven Hundred, to the Twentieth Day of March, One Thousand 293Eight Hundred and Ten Page 421-422, Image 480-481 (Vol. 1, 1810) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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An act to suppress the disorderly practice of firing guns, etc. on the times therein mentioned. § 1. Whereas a disorderly practice prevails in many parts of this province, of firing guns at or near new-year’s-day, which is frequently attende...

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1775 Mass. Acts 15, An Act For Forming And Regulating The Militia Within The Colony Of The Massachusetts Bay, In New England, And For Repealing All The Laws Heretofore Made For That Purpose, ch. 1, §§ 1,7,9.

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§ 1. . . That that part of the militia of this Colony, commonly called the Training-Band, shall be constituted of all the able-bodied male persons therein, from sixteen years old to fifty [excepting Quakers and others]. . . § 7. . . That each...

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1775 Conn. Acts 413, An Act for Supplying the Troops Ordered to be Raised for the Special Defense and Safety of this Colony, with Necessary Fire Arms.

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. . . And if it shall so happen, that a sufficient supply of Arms cannot be procured in the several Methods before directed, then sufficient Arms to make good the Deficiency, shall be impressed, completely to arm and equip said Inhabitants that shall s...

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The Public Records Of The Colony Of Connecticut. Hartford, 1890 Page 190-192, Image 194-196, available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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An Act for Encouraging the Manufacture of Salt Petre and Gun Powder. . .Be it enacted, That no salt petre, nitre or gun-powder made and manufactured, or that shall be made and manufactured in this Colony, shall be exported out of the same by land or wa...

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Proceedings of the Conventions of the Province of Maryland Held at the City of Annapolis, in 1774, 1775, & 1776 Page 147, Image 147 (1836) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[1776 Md. Laws 146.Resolved, that no muskets or rifles, except by the owner thereof on his removal to reside out of this province, or any gun barrels, gun locks, or bayonets, be carried out of his province, without the leave of the council of safety fo...

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Act of Mar. 14, 1776, ch. VII, 1775-1776 Mass. Act at 31–32, 35.

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Chap. VII An Act for the executing in the Colony of the Massachusetts Bay, in New England, one Resolve of the American Congress, dated March 14, 1776, recommending the disarming of such persons as are notoriously disaffected to the cause of America, or...

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1776 Pa. Laws 11, An Ordinance RespectingThe Arms Of Non-Associators, § 1

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The colonel or next officer in command of every battalion of militia in this state is hereby authorized, empowered and required to collect, receive and take all the arms in his district or township nearest to such officer which are in the hands of non-...

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1776 Del. Const, art. 28.

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To prevent any violence or force being used at the said elections, no person shall come armed to any of them, and no muster of the militia shall be made on that day; nor shall any battalion or company give in their votes immediately succeeding each oth...

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Records Of The State Of Rhode Island And Providence Plantations In New England.Providence Page 18-19, Image 20-21 (1863) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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An Act for the Inspection of Gunpowder, Manufactured within this State (1776). Be it enacted by this General Assembly, and by the authority thereof, it is enacted, that if any person or persons, within this state, shall vend or expose to sale any gunpo...

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1776-1777 N.J. Laws 6, An Act for the Inspection of Gunpowder, ch. 6, § 1.

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That any Person who, from and after the Publication of this Act, shall offer any Gun-Powder for Sale, without being previously inspected and marked as is herein after directed, shall forfeit, for every such Offence, the Sum of Five Shillings a Pound fo...

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1777 Ga. Const., arts. 33-34.

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art. 33. The governor for the time being shall be captains general and commander-in-chief over all the militia, and other military and naval forces belonging to this State. art. 34. All militia commissions shall specify that the person commissioned sha...

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1777 Pa. Laws 61 An Act, obliging the male white inhabitants of this state to give assurances of allegiance to the same, and for other purposes therein mentioned, ch. XXI, §§ 2, 4.

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Sect. 2. . . . Therefore, Be it enacted by the representatives of this freemen of Pennsylvania, in general assembly met, and by the authority of the same, That all male white inhabitants of this state, (except of the counties of Bedford, Northumberland...

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N.Y. Const. (April 20, 1777) Art. XL

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And whereas it is of the utmost importance to the safety of every state, that it should always be in a condition of defense; and it is the duty of every man who enjoys the protection of society, to be prepared and willing to defend it: This convention ...

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Act of May 5, 1777, ch. 3, in 9 HENING’S STATUTES AT LARGE 281, 281-82 (1821)

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An act to oblige the free male inhabitants of this state above a certain age to give assurance of Allegiance to the same, and for other purposes. WHEREAS allegiance and protection are reciprocal, and those who will not bear the former are not entitled ...

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1778 Pa. Laws 123, An act for the further security of the government, ch. LXI, §§ 1–3, 5, 10

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Section I. Whereas the welfare and happiness of the good people of this commonwealth, do, next under God, entirely depend upon the maintaining and supporting the independence and sovereignty of the state, as declared by congress Sect. 2. Be it therefor...

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 Act of Apr. 3, 1778, ch. 33, 1778 N.Y. Laws 62.

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Chap. 33. An act for regulating the militia of the State of New York . . . Be it therefore enacted by the People of the state of New York represented in Senate and Assembly, and it is hereby enacted by the authority of the same. That every able bodied ...

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1778 N.J. Laws 45, 2d. General Assembly, An Act for the Regulating, Training and Arraying of the Militia, ch. 21, § 11.

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That every Person enrolled shall constantly keep himself furnished with a good Musket, well fitted with a Bayonet, Steel Ramrod and Worm, a Cartridge-box, twenty three Rounds of Cartridges sized to his Musket, a Priming-wire, Brush and twelve Flints, a...

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The Public Records Of The State Of Connecticut Page 271-272, Image 275-276 (Vol. 2, 1895) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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An Act to Prevent the Practice of Dueling. Be it enacted by the Governor, Council and Representatives, in General Court Assembled, and by the authority of the same, That if any person within this State shall challenge the person of another, or shall ac...

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1779 Vt. Acts & Resolves 59, An Act for Forming and Regulating the Militia; and for Encouragement of Military Skill, for the Better Defense of This State.

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That every listed soldier and other householder, shall always be provided with, and have in constant readiness, a well fixed firelock, the barrel not less than three feet and a half long, or other good firearms, to the satisfaction of the commissioned ...

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1779 Pa. Laws 184-85, An Act for the Suppression of Vice and Immorality, § 13.

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That if any person within this commonwealth shall challenge the person of another to fight at sword, pistol, rapier or other dangerous weapon, such person so challenging shall forfeit and pay for every such offense (being lawfully convicted by the test...

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1779 Pa. Laws 193, An Act. . . for Disarming Persons Who Shall not Have Given Attestations of Allegiance and Fidelity to this State, §§ 4-5.

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§ 4. And whereas it is very improper and dangerous that persons disaffected to the liberty and independence of this state shall possess or have in their own keeping, or elsewhere, any firearms, or other weapons used in war, or any gun powder. &sec...

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1783 Mass. Acts 37, An Act in Addition to the Several Acts Already Made for the Prudent Storage of Gun Powder within the Town of Boston, § 2

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“That all cannon, swivels, mortars, howitzers, cohorns, fire arms, bombs, grenades, and iron shells of any kind, that shall be found in any dwelling-house, out-house, stable, barn, store, ware-house, shop, or other building, charged with, or havi...

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1783 Mass. Acts 218, An Act in Addition to the Several Acts Already Made for the Prudent Storage of Gun-Powder Within the Town of Boston, ch.13

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The depositing of loaded arms in the houses of the town of Boston is dangerous...That if any person shall take into any dwelling-house, stable, barn, out-house, ware-house, store, shop or other building, within the Town of Boston, any cannon, swivel, m...

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1783 Conn. Acts 633, An Act For The Punishment of Burglary And Robbery.

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That whoever shall commit Burglary, by breaking up any Dwelling House or Shop, wherein Goods, Wares and Merchandise are deposited, or shall commit Robbery, by robbing any Person in the Field of Highway, if in the Perpetration of said Crimes, the Person...

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Thomas Wetmore, Commissioner, The Charter and Ordinances of the City of Boston: Together with the Acts of the Legislature Relating to the City Page 142-143, Image 142 (1834) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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An Act in Addition to the Several Acts Already Made for the Prudent Storage of Gun Powder within the Town of Boston. Whereas the depositing of loaded arms in the houses of the town of Boston, is dangerous to the lives of those who are disposed to exert...

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“An Act for the better securing the city of Philadelphia and its liberties from danger of gunpowder” Act of Dec. 6, 1783, chap. 1059, 11 Pa. Stat. 209 (Sections I and II, P.L.)

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(Section I, P.L.) Whereas by an act, entitled “An act for the better securing the city of Philadelphia from danger of gunpowder," passed in the year one thousand seven hundred and twenty-four, and a supplement thereto, passed in the year one thou...

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John Haywood, A Manual of the Laws of North-Carolina, Arranged under Distinct Heads in Alphabetical Order. With References from One Head to Another, When a Subject is Mentioned in Any Other Part of the Book Than under the Distinct Head to Which it Belongs Page 235, Image 241 (1814) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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§ 1. If any person or persons shall be discovered hunting in the woods with a gun, in the night time, by fire light, such person or persons so offending shall, upon conviction, by indictment or presentment in any court of record in this state, be ...

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1784 N.Y. Laws 627, An Act to Prevent the Danger Arising from the Pernicious Practice of Lodging Gun Powder in Dwelling Houses, Stores, or Other Places within Certain Parts of the City of New York, or on Board of Vessels within the Harbour Thereof, ch. 28.

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. . . [F]rom and after the passing of this act, it shall not be lawfull [sic] for any merchant, shopkeeper, or retailer, or any other person, or persons whatsoever, to have or keep any quantity of gun powder exceeding twenty-eight pounds weight, in any...

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1784-1785 N.Y. Laws 152, An Act to Prevent Firing of Guns and Other Firearms within this State, on Certain Days Therein Mentioned, ch. 81.

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Whereas great dangers have arisen, and mischief been done, by the pernicious practice of firing guns, pistols, rockets, squibs, and other fire works on the eve of the last day of December, and the first and second days of January . . . if any person or...

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James Kent, Laws of the State of New-York Page 41-42, Image 44-45 (Vol. 1, 1802-1812) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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An Act of April 22, 1785, An Act to Prevent the Firing of Guns and Other Fire-Arms within this State, on certain days therein mentioned. Whereas great dangers have arisen, and mischief been done by the pernicious practice of firing guns, pistols, rocke...

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Richard Varick, Laws and Ordinances Ordained and Established by the Mayor, Aldermen and Commonalty of the City of New-York, in Common Council Convened; for the Good Rule and Government of the Inhabitants and Residents of the Said City Page 1, Image 57 (1793) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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An Act to prevent the Firing of Guns and other Fire-Arms within this State, on certain Days therein mentioned. Whereas great dangers have arisen, and mischief been done by the pernicious practice of firing guns, pistols, rockets, squibs and other fire-...

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1786 N.Y. Laws 220, An Act to Regulate the Militia, ch. 25.

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That every able-bodied male person, being a citizen of this State, or of any of the United States, and residing in this State, (except such persons as are herein after excepted) and who are of the age of sixteen, and under the age of forty-five years, ...

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1786 N.C. Sess. Laws 407, An Act for Raising Troops for the Protection of the Inhabitants of Davidson County, ch. 1, § 5.

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That every able bodied man who shall be enlisted into the said service, and shall furnish himself with one good rifled or smooth bored gun fit for service, one good picker, shot-bag and powder-horn, twelve good flints, one pound of good powder, and two...

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1786 Va. Laws 33, ch. 21, An Act forbidding and punishing Affrays.

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Be it enacted by the General Assembly, that no man, great nor small, of what condition soever he be, except the Ministers of Justice in executing the precepts of the Courts of Justice, or in executing of their office, and such as be in their company as...

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1786 N.H. Laws 383-84, An Act to Prevent the Keeping of Large Quantities of Gun-Powder in Private Houses in Portsmouth, and for Appointing a Keeper of the Magazine Belonging to Said Town.

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That if any person or persons, shall keep in any dwelling-house, store or other buildings, on land, within the limits of said Portsmouth, except the magazine aforesaid, more than ten pounds of gun-powder at any one time, which ten pounds shall be kept ...

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1786 Mass. Sess. Laws An Act to Prevent Routs, Riots, and Tumultuous assemblies, and the Evil Consequences Thereof.

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Whereas the provision already made by law for the preventing of routs, riots, and tumultuous assemblies and the evil consequences thereof has been found insufficient: § 1. Be it therefore enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives, in Gene...

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1786 N.H. Laws 409-10, An Act for Forming and Regulating the Militia within this State, and for Repealing All the Laws Heretofore Made for that Purpose, § 7.

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[E]very non-commissioned officer and soldier, both in the alarm list and training band, shall be provided, and have constantly in readiness, a good musket, and a bayonet fitted thereto, with a good scabbard and belt, a worm, priming-wire and brush, a c...

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Act of Feb. 16, 1787, ch. VI, 1787 Mass. Acts 555. 

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Chapt. IV. An Act, describing the disqualifications to which persons shall be subjected, who have been, or may be guilty of treason, or giving aid or support to the present rebellion, and whom a pardon may be extended. Where the General Court, at their...

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A Digest of the Acts of Assembly, and the Ordinances, of the Commissioners and Inhabitants of the Kensington District of the Northern Liberties: for the Government of that District Page 45-47, Image 48-50 (1832) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[Ordinances of Kensington, Northern Liberties, An Act for Securing the City of Philadelphia and the Neighborhood Thereof from Damage by Gunpowder (1774), § 2. No person shall keep in any house, store, shop, cellar or other place within the city of...

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1788-1801 Ohio Laws 42, An Act for Suppressing and Prohibiting Every Species of Gaming for Money or Other Property, and for Making Void All Contracts and Payments Made in Furtherance Thereof, ch. 13, § 4.

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[I]f any person shall presume to discharge or fire, or cause to be discharged or fired, any gun or other fire arms at any mark or object, or upon any pretence whatever, unless he or she shall at the same time be with such gun or fire-arms at the distan...

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1788-1801 Ohio Laws 20, A Law Respecting Crimes and Punishments . . . , ch. 6.

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Burglary . . . If the person or persons so breaking and entering any dwelling house, shop, store or vessel as aforesaid, shall commit, or attempt to commit any personal abuse, force, or violence, or shall be so armed with any dangerous weapon or weapon...

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1788-1801 Ohio Laws 42, An Act for Suppressing and Prohibiting Every Species of Gaming for Money or Other Property, and for Making Void All Contracts and Payments Made in Furtherance Thereof,  ch. 13, § 4.

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[I]f any person shall presume to discharge or fire, or cause to be discharged or fire, any gun or other fire arms at any mark or object, or upon any pretence whatever, unless he or she shall at the same time be with such gun or fire-arms a the dis...

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William A Hotchkiss, A Codification of the Statute Law of Georgia, Including the English Statutes of Force: In Four Parts. To Which is Prefixed a Collection of State Papers, of English, American, and State Origin; Together with an Appendix, and Index Page 763, Image 782 (1845) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Fraudulent or Malicious Mischief. § 23. Punishment for deer-hunting by fire-light. Any person or persons who shall hunt with a gun by fire-light, or kill any deer so hunting by fire-light, in the night-time, without his or her own enclosures, any ...

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1791 S.C. Acts 16, An Act To Amend And More Effectually Put In Force For The Time Therein Limited, The Act Entitled An Act For The Regulation Of The Militia Of This State . . .

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. . . And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That every free man of this state, liable to bear arms in any of the regiments, battalions or companies of foot in this state and who shall appear at any such regiment or battalion muster or a...

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1791 Pa. Laws 105, A Supplement to the Act, Entitled “An Act for Securing the City of Philadelphia and the Neighborhood Thereof from Damage by Gun-powder, § 1.

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That it shall and may be lawful for the owners of gun-powder not deposited , or to be deposited, in the said magazine, the square to the south of Vine street, to remove and deposit the same in the said new magazine; and all gun-powder brought into the ...

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Francois Xavier Martin, A Collection of Statutes of the Parliament of England in Force in the State of North Carolina, 60-61 (Newbern 1792)

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Item, it is enacted, that no man great nor small, of what condition soever he be, except the King's servants in his presence, and his Ministers in executing of the King's precepts, of of their office, and such as be in their company assisting them, and...

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Collection of All Such Acts of the General Assembly of Virginia, of a Public and Permanent Nature, as Are Now in Force; with a New and Complete Index. To Which are Prefixed the Declaration of Rights, and Constitution, or Form of Government Page 187, Image 195 (1803) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[An Act to Reduce into one, the Several Acts Concerning Slaves, Free Negroes, and Mulattoes (1792),] § 8. No negro or mulatto whatsoever shall keep or carry any gun, powder, shot, club, or other weapon whatsoever, offensive or defensive, but all a...

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1793 N.H. Laws 464-65, An Act to Prevent the Keeping of Large Quantities of Gun-Powder in Private Houses in Portsmouth, and for Appointing a Keeper of the Magazine Belonging to Said Town.

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That if any person or persons, shall keep in any dwelling-house, store or other building on land, within the limits of said Portsmouth, except the magazine aforesaid, more than ten pounds of gun-powder at any one time, which ten pounds shall be kept in...

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1794 Pa. Laws 764, An Act Providing For The Inspection Of Gunpowder chap. 337

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Whereas gun-powder imported from abroad, and manufactured within this state, have frequently been found to vary much in its strength, and sometimes of inferior qualities, and its defects not discovered until brought into actual use: And whereas the mod...

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1794 R.I. Pub. Laws 21, An Act To Organize The Militia Of This State, § 10

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§ 10. And it is further Enacted by the Authority aforesaid, That every Corporal who shall neglect to warn the Men to appear at every Rendezvous mentioned in this Act, when thereunto required as aforesaid without sufficient excuse, shall forfeit th...

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The Laws Of Maryland, With The Charter, The Bill Of Rights, The Constitution Of The State, And Its Alterations, The Declaration Of Independence, And The Constitution Of The United States, And Its Amendments Page 246, Image 239 (1811) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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1794 Md. Laws 246, Art. 32. That if any member of society shall suffer any damage by storing gunpowder in town, or breaming ships or other vessels at the wharfs, occasioned by the act, assent or direction, of such member, the insurance of such member s...

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1795 N.H. Laws 525, An Act in Addition to an Act, Entitled, “An Act for Regulating the Militia within this State.”

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[E]very free, able bodied, white male citizen of this state, resident therein, who is, or shall be of the age of sixteen years and under forty years of age, under such exceptions as are made in said act, shall be enrolled in the militia, and shall in a...

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1795 N.H. Laws 525, An Act in Addition to an Act, Entitled, “An Act for Regulating the Militia within this State.”

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[N]o non-commissioned officer or private soldier, shall upon any muster day, or the evening of the same day, discharge and fire off a musket or gun in any public road, or near thereto, or in, or near to any house, or on, or near to the place of parade,...

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Laws of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, from the Fourteenth Day of October, One Thousand Seven Hundred, to the Twentieth Day of March, One Thousand Eight Hundred and Ten Page 240-244, Image 284-288 (1810) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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An Act providing for the inspection of Gun-powder. Whereas gun-powder imported from abroad and manufactured within this state, hath frequently been found to vary much in its strength, and sometimes of inferior qualities, and its defects not discovered ...

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1795 Mass. Laws 436, ch. 2, An Act for Repealing an Act, made and passed in the year of our Lord, on eThousand six Hundred and ninty-two, entitled, “An Act for punishing Criminal Offenders,” and for reenacting certain provisions therein.

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And it is further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That every Justice of the Peace, within the county for which he may be commissioned, may cause to be staid and arrested, all affrayers, rioters, disturbers, or breakers of the peace, and such as sha...

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1797 Del. Laws 104, An Act For the Trial Of Negroes, ch. 43, §6.

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And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That if any Negro or Mulatto slave shall presume to carry any guns, swords, pistols, fowling pieces, clubs, or other arms and weapons whatsoever, without his master's special license for the same, a...

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Charles Nettleton, Laws of the State of New-Jersey Page 370-371, Image 397-398 (1821) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[An Act Respecting Slaves, § 9. And be it enacted, That if any negro or other slave shall be seen or found from the dwelling-house of his or her master or mistress after the hour of ten at night, except on the particular business of his or her mas...

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1798 Ky. Acts 106, § 5.

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No negro, mulatto, or Indian whatsoever, shall keep or carry any gun, powder, shot, club, or other weapon whatsoever, offensive or defensive, but all and every gun, weapon and ammunition found in the possession or custody of any negro, mulatto or India...

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1798-1813 R.I. Pub. Laws 85, An Act Relative To The Keeping Gun-Powder In The Town Of Providence, §2

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§ 1. Be it therefore enacted by the General Assembly, and by the authority thereof it is hereby enacted, That no person or persons shall hereafter keep or deposit gunpowder, in a greater quantity than twenty-eight pounds, in any shop, building or ...

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Meinrad Greiner, Laws and Ordinances, Ordained and Established by the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty, of the City of New-York, in Common Council Convened for the Good Rule and Government of the Inhabitants and Residents of the Said City Second Edition Page 25-26, Image 25-26 (1799) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Ordinances of the City of New York, To Regulate the Keeping of Gun-powder in the City of New York: Whereas the better to secure the inhabitants of the city of New York from the dangers they have been exposed to by large quantities of gun powder being k...

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Charles Nettleton, Laws of the State of New-Jersey Page 474, Image 501 (1821) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[An Act to Describe, Apprehend and Punish Disorderly Persons (1799)], § 2. And whereas diverse ill disposed persons are frequently apprehended, having upon them implements for house-breaking, or offensive weapons, or are found in or upon houses, w...

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1799 Ky. Acts 7, An Act to Amend an Act Entitled “An Act Concerning the Militia,” ch. 1, §§ 1-3.

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§ 1. . . . [T]he brigadier generals shall attend each regimental muster within their brigades to view the same; it shall be the duty of the brigade major, attended by the commandant of the regimnt, to inspect the same at every muster. § 2. Al...

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1799 Conn Acts 511, An Act For The Militia, § 4

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That the Fines and Penalties incurred for Non-appearance and deficiencies of Arms, Ammunition and Accoutrements shall in future be as follows. Each non-commissioned Officer, Drummer, Fifer or Trumpeter who shall neglect to appear at the Time and Place ...

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1799 Miss. Laws 113, A Law For The Regulation Of Slaves.

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[Slaves interdicted the carrying arms, etc.] No negro or mulatto shall keep or carry any gun, powder, shot, club or other weapon whatsoever, offensive or defensive; but all and every gun, weapon and ammunition found in the possession or custody of any ...

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A Digest of the Statute Laws of Kentucky, of a Public and Permanent Nature, from the Commencement of the Government to the Session of the Legislature, Ending on the 24th February, 1834 With References to Judicial Decisions Page 578-579, Image 584-585 (Vol. 1, 1834) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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An Act more effectually to suppress the practice of Gambling and Dueling. § 6. And be it further enacted, That if any person within this Commonwealth, shall challenge, by word or writing, the person of another to fight at sword, pistol, or other d...

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Judge Edward Scott, Laws of the State of Tennessee: Including Those of North Carolina Now in Force in this State: From the Year 1715 to the Year 1820, Inclusive Page 710, Image 714 (Vol. 1, 1821) The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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An Act for the Restraint of Idle and Disorderly Persons § 6. Be it enacted, That if any person or persons shall publicly ride or go armed to the terror of the people, or privately carry any dirk, large knife, pistol or any other dangerous weapon,...

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1801 Mass. Acts 507, An Act to Provide for the Storing and Safe Keeping of Gun Powder in the Town of Boston, and to Prevent Damage from the Same, ch. XX

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§1... That all Gun Powder imported and landed at the port of Boston, shall be brought to and lodged in the Powder House or Magazine in said town, and not elsewhere, on pain of confiscation of all Powder put or kept in any other house or place...Read More

Alexander Edwards, Ordinances of the City Council of Charleston, in the State of South-Carolina, Passed since the Incorporation of the City, Collected and Revised Pursuant to a Resolution of the Council Page 153, Image 156 (1802) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Ordinances of Charleston, An Ordinance to Revise and Amend an Ordinance Respecting Fires in the City of Charleston, and for other Purposes Therein Mentioned, § 5. And be it further Ordained by the Authority Aforesaid, That it shall and may be lawf...

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Alexander Edwards, Ordinances of the City Council of Charleston, in the State of South-Carolina, Passed since the Incorporation of the City, Collected and Revised Pursuant to a Resolution of the Council Page 289, Image 299 (1802) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[Ordinances of the City of Charleston, An Ordinance for Appointing Commissioners of the Streets, Defining their Powers, and for other Purposes therein Mentioned, § 8. And be it further ordained by the authority aforesaid, That no person or persons...

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Edward Livingston, Laws and Ordinances, Ordained and Established by the Mayor, Aldermen, and Commonalty of the City of New-York, in Common-Council Convened, for the Good Rule and Government of the Inhabitants and Residents of Said City Page 83-84, Image 84-85 (1803) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Ordinances of the City of New York, To Prevent the Firing of guns in the City of New York, § 1. Whereas the firing of guns and the practice of fowling in the public streets and in the roads or highways in the vicinity of this city, are frequently ...

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1804 La. Acts 284, An Act for Regulating and Governing the Militia of the Territory of New Orleans, § 13.

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. . . each non-commissioned officer and private of the infantry, shall constantly keep himself provided with good musket or guns, a sufficient bayonet and belt, two spare flints and a knapsack, a cartridge box or pouch, with box therein to contain not ...

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1804 Ind. Acts 108, A Law Entitled a Law Respecting Slaves, § 4.

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And be it further enacted, That no slave or mulatto whatsoever, shall keep or carry any gun, powder, shot, club or other weapon whatsoever, offensive or defensive, but all and every gun weapon and ammunition found in the possession or custody of any ne...

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1804 Miss. Laws 90-91, An Act Respecting Slaves, § 4.

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[Slaves not to carry offensive or defensive weapons]. [N]o Slave shall keep or carry any gun, powder, shot, club or other weapon whatsoever offensive or defensive, except tools given him to work with, or that he is ordered by his master, mistress or ov...

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1806 Md. Laws 44, An Act To Restrain The Evil Practices Arising From Negroes Keeping Dogs, And To Prohibit Them From Carrying Guns Or Offensive Weapons, ch. 81

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...it shall not be lawful for any negro or mulatto within this state to keep any dog, bitch or gun , except he be a free negro or mulatto, and in that case he may be permitted to keep one dog, provided such free negro or mulatto shall obtain a license ...

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1806 Ky. Acts 122, An Act to Amend the Several Acts for the Better Regulation of the Town of Lexington, § 3.

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Be it further enacted, That said trustees are herby authorised [sic] to make such regulations as they may deem necessary and proper, relative to the keeping of gun-powder in the said town of Lexington, and if necessary may prohibit any inhabitants of s...

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Harry Toulmin, The Statutes of the Mississippi Territory, Revised and Digested by the Authority of the General Assembly Page 593, Image 612 (Natchez, 1807) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Indian Intercourse, § 9. And be it further enacted, That if any such citizen, or other person, shall purchase, or receive of any Indian, in the way of trade or barter, a gun, or other article commonly used in hunting, any instrument of husbandry, ...

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Police Code, or Collection of the Ordinances of Police Made by the City Council of New-Orleans. To Which is Prefixed the Act for Incorporating Said City with the Acts Supplementary Thereto Page 114-116, Image 112-114 (1808) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[Ordinances of the City of New Orleans, An Ordinance for Preventing Fires,] Art. 15. Captains of vessels are obliged, within twenty four hours from their arrival in this port, to deposit the gun-powder they may have on board, in the powder-magazine sit...

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The Laws Of Maryland, With The Charter, The Bill Of Rights, The Constitution Of The State, And Its Alterations, The Declaration Of Independence, And The Constitution Of The United States, And Its Amendments Page 465, Image 466 (1811) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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If any person shall be apprehended, having upon him or her any picklock, key, crow, jack, bit or other implement, with an intent feloniously to break and enter into any dwelling-house, ware-house, stable or out-house, or shall have upon him or her any ...

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Laws of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, from the Fourteenth Day of October, One Thousand Seven Hundred, to the Twentieth Day of March, One Thousand Eight Hundred and Ten Page 182, image 226 (Vol. 3, 1810) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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An Act for the prevention of vice and immorality, and of unlawful gaming, and to restrain disorderly sports and dissipation, § 10. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That if any person within this commonwealth shall challenge, b...

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1811 N.J. Laws 300, An Act to Regulate Gun Powder Manufactories and Magazines within this State, § 1.

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. . . [N]o person or persons whatsoever, shall be permitted within this state to erect or establish, or cause to be erected or established, any manufactory which shall be actually employed in manufacturing gun-powder, either by himself or any other per...

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Charles Nettleton, Laws of the State of New-Jersey Page 549, Image 576 (1821) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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An Act to Regulate Gun-Powder Manufactories and Magazines within this State. §1. Be it enacted by the Council and General Assembly of this state, and it is hereby enacted by the authority of the same, That from and after the first day of May next,...

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1812 Del. Laws 329, An Act to Prevent the Discharging of Fire-Arms Within the Towns and Villages, and Other Public Places Within this State, and for Other Purposes. §1

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If any person or persons shall presume to fire or discharge any gun, ordinance, musket, fowling piece, fuse or pistol within any of the towns or villages of this State or within the limits thereof, or where the limits cannot be ascertained, within one ...

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1812 Del. Law 526, c. 195, An Act to Prevent the Discharging of Fire-Arms within the Towns and villages, and other public places within this State, and for Other Purposes.

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Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the State of Delaware, in General Assembly met, That from and after the first day of June next, if any person or persons shall presume to fire or discharge any gun, ordinance, musket, fowling-...

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1812 Del. Laws 522, An Act To Prevent The Discharging Of Fire Arms Within The Towns And Villages, And Other Public Places Within This State, And For Other Purposes, § 1.

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That from and after the first day of June next, if any person or persons shall presume to fire or discharge any gun, ordinance, musket, fowling-piece, fusee or pistol, within any of the towns or villages of this State, or within the limits thereof, or ...

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1813 Ky. Acts 100, An Act to Prevent Persons in this Commonwealth from Wearing Concealed Arms, Except in Certain Cases, ch. 89, § 1.

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Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the Commonwealth of Kentucky, that any person in this Commonwealth, who shall hereafter wear a pocket pistol, dirk, large knife, or sword in a cane, concealed as a weapon, unless when travelling on a journey, sh...

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1813 La. Acts 172, An Act Against Carrying Concealed Weapons, and Going Armed in Public Places in an Unneccessary Manner, § 1.

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Be it enacted by the senate and house of representatives of the state of Louisiana, in general assembly convened, That from and after the passage of this act, any person who shall be found with any concealed weapon, such as a dirk, dagger, knife, pisto...

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1814 Miss. Laws 16, An Act To Authorize The Governor Of Mississippi Territory, To Accept Of The Services Of Citizens Exempted From Militia Duty, § 2

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Immediately on the governor’s acceptance of any number of volunteers, by virtue of this act, each private shall proceed to provide himself with a good rifle, musket or shot gun with four flints, twenty rounds of powder, ball, or buckshot, best su...

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1814 Mass. Acts 464, An Act In Addition To An Act, Entitled “An Act To Provide For The Proof Of Fire Arms, Manufactured Within This Commonwealth,” ch. 192, § 1

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...from and after the passing of this act, all musket barrels and pistol barrels, manufactured within this Commonwealth, shall, before the same shall be sold, and before the same shall be stocked, be proved by the person appointed according to the prov...

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By-Laws and Ordinances of the City of Pittsburgh, and the Acts of Assembly Relating Thereto; with Notes and References to Judicial Decisions Thereon, and an Appendix, Relating to Several Subjects Connected with the Laws and Police of the City Corporation Page 73, Image 75 (1828) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[Ordinances of the City of Pittsburgh,] An Ordinance Containing Regulations as to Gun-Powder, § 1. That no shop-keeper or other person or persons, shall keep, at the same time, in any house, shop, cellar or warehouse, or other apartment, or in any...

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1816 Mich. Pub. Acts 128, An Act For The Punishment Of Crimes, § 47.

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That if any person shall by word, message, letter, or any other way, challenge another to fight a duel, with a rapier, or small sword, back sword, pistol, or other dangerous weapon, or shall accept a challenge, although no duel be fought, or knowingly ...

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Ordinances Ordained and Established by the Mayor & City Council of the City of New Orleans Page 68, Image 68 (1817) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Ordinances of the City of New Orleans, § 12. No person shall hereafter be permitted to fire or discharge any gun, pistol, fowling piece or firearm, nor to discharge or let off any rocket, cracker, squib or other fire-works, in any street, court ya...

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Ordinances, of the Town of Columbia, (S. C.) Passed Since the Incorporation of Said Town: To Which are Prefixed, the Acts of the General Assembly, for Incorporating the Said Town, and Others in Relation Thereto Page 61-61, Image 61-62 (1823) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[Ordinances of the Town of Columbia, An Ordinance for Prohibiting the Firing of Guns in the Town of Columbia (1817). Whereas the practice of firing small arms within the town of Columbia is extremely dangerous to the lives; as well as the property of t...

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1818 Vt. Acts & Resolves 64-65, An Act Regulating and Governing the Militia of This State, § 42.

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No noncommissioned officer, private or citizen shall unnecessarily fire a gun, single musket or pistol, in any public road, or near any house or place of parade, on the evening preceding, on the day or evening of the same, on which any troop company, b...

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1818 Vt. Acts & Resolves 64, § 42

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That no non-commissioned officer, private or citizen shall unnecessarily fire a gun, single musket or pistol in any public road or near any house, or place of parade,on the evening preceding, on the day or evening of the same, on which any troop compan...

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Act Incorporating the City of Cincinnati, and the Ordinances of Said City Now in Force Page 44, Image 44 (1828) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[Ordinances of the City of Cincinnati,] An Ordinance to Prohibit Shooting within the Bounds of the Corporation. Be it and it is hereby ordained by the Town Council of the town of Cincinnati, That each and every person who shall shoot , or fire off, any...

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Ordinances of the Borough of Vincennes, with the Act of Incorporation and Supplement Thereto Prefixed Page 54-55, Image 54-55 (1820) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[An Ordinance to Prevent Nuisances, Etc.] § 7. Be it further ordained by the authority aforesaid, That any negro or mulatto, shall be punished with thirty-nine stripes on the bare back, if found with deadly weapons, other than the legal implements...

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1819-21 R.I. Pub. Laws 289, An Act To Prevent Certain Disorders In The Town Of Bristol, § 3

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§ 3. And be it further enacted, That if any person or persons shall, at any time hereafter, fire any gun or pistol in any of the streets, roads, lanes, buildings, or from any of the walls or fences thereto contiguous, and within the compact part o...

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1820 R.I. Pub. Laws 31, An Act to Prevent Certain Disorders In The Town Of Bristol, § 3

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§ 3. That if any person or persons shall, at any time hereafter, fire any gun or pistol in any of the streets, roads, lanes, buildings, or from any of the walls or fences thereto contiguous, and within the compact part of said town, without justif...

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Charles Nettleton, Laws of the State of New-Jersey Page 259, Image 286 (Trenton, 1821) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Laws of New Jersey (1820) § 56. And be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, That if any person shall, by word, message, letter, or any other way, challenge another to a fight a duel, with a rapier, or small sword, backsword, pistol, or other dan...

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1820 N.H. Laws 274-76, An Act to Provide for the Appointment of Inspectors and Regulating the Manufacture of Gunpowder, ch. 25, §§ 1-9.

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§ 1. [T]he Governor . . . is hereby authorized to appoint an inspector of gunpowder for every public powder magazine, and at every manufactory of gunpowder in this state, and such other places as may by him thought to be necessary[.] § 2. [F]...

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1819 Ind. Acts 39, An Act to Prohibit the Wearing of Concealed Weapons

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Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of Indiana, That any person wearing any dirk, pistol, sword in cane, or any other unlawful weapon, concealed, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and on conviction thereof, by presentment or indic...

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Laws of the State of Maine; to Which are Prefixed the Constitution of the U. States and of Said State, in Two Volumes, with an Appendix Page 685-686; Image 272-273 (Vol. 2, 1821) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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An Act to Provide for the Proof of Firearms, § 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives, in Legislature assembled, That the Governor, by and with the consent of the Council, be, and he hereby is empowered to appoint suitable per...

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Robert Looney Caruthers, A Compilation of the Statutes of Tennessee, of a General and Permanent Nature, from the Commencement of the Government to the Present time: With References to Judicial Decisions, in Notes, to Which is Appended a New Collection of Forms Page 100, Image 105 (1836) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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An Act of 1821, § 1. Every person so degrading himself by carrying a dirk, sword cane, Spanish stiletto, belt or pocket pistols, either public or private, shall pay a fine of five dollars for every such offence, which may be recovered by warrant b...

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Saunders Lewis, Ordinances of the Corporation of, and Acts of Assembly Relating to the City of Philadelphia: Chronologically Arranged with a Digested Index Page 128, Image 196 (1851) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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A Supplement to an Ordinance Entitled “An Ordinance for the Suppression of Nuisances, and Enforcing Useful Regulations within the City of Philadelphia,” passed 9th July 1821, § 1. If any person shall throw, cast or fire any squib, rock...

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The Charter and Ordinances of the City of Providence, Together with the Acts of the General Assembly Relating to the City Page 89-96, Image 89-96 (1854) Available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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An Act Regulating the Storage, Safe Keeping and Transportation of Gunpowder in the Town of Providence, (1821) § 2. And be it further enacted, That is shall not be lawful for any person or persons to sell any gunpowder which may at the time be with...

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Laws of the State of Maine; to Which are Prefixed the Constitution of the U. States and of Said State, in Two Volumes, with an Appendix Page 55, Image 126 (Vol. 1, 1821) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Murder, &c. § 7. Be it further enacted, That if any person shall voluntarily engage in a duel, with rapier, a small sword, back sword, pistol, or other dangerous weapon, to the hazard of life, when no homicide shall ensue thereon; and if any p...

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1821 Me. Laws 285, ch. 76, § 1.

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Be it enacted by the Senate, and House of Representatives, in Legislature assembled, That it shall be within the power, and be the duty of every Justice of the Peace within this county, to punish by fine not exceeding five dollars, all assaults and bat...

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Laws of the State of Maine; to Which are Prefixed the Constitution of the U. States and of Said State, in Two Volumes, with an Appendix Page 112-113, Image 183-184 (Vol. 1, 1821) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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An Act for the prevention of damage by Fire, and the safe keeping of Gun Powder. § 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives, in Legislature assembled, That the Selectmen of each town within this State, containing not less than f...

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1821 Me. Laws 98-99, An Act for the Prevention of Damage by Fire, and the Safe Keeping of Gun Powder, ch. 25, § 5

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Be it further enacted, That it shall, and may be lawful for any one or more of the Selectmen of any town to enter any building, or other place, in such town, to search for gun powder, which they may have reason to suppose to be concealed or kept, contr...

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1821 Tenn. Pub. Acts 78-79, An Act to Prohibit the Improper Practice of Shooting at Marks within the Limits of the Towns of this State . . . , ch. 93, § 1.

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[A]ny person or persons who shall after the first of January next, shoot at a mark within the bounds of any town, or within two hundred yards of any public road of the first or second class within the state, such person or persons so offending shall be...

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1821 Tenn. Pub. Acts 63, An Act to Amend the Militia Laws of This State, ch. 55, §§ 2-3.

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§ 2. [T]he commissioned and staff officers of the infantry are hereby required to meet at the place of holding their battalion musters at eleven o’clock on the day preceding said muster, armed with a rifle, musket, or shot gun and dress...

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The Charter of the City of Newport, R. I., and the Special State Laws Relating Thereto, Together with the Ordinances for the Government of the City.Page 39, Image 40 (1858) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Ordinances of the City of Newport. Gunpowder--Firemen. § 11. And be it further enacted, That no person whosoever shall fire a gun or other fire-works within one hundred yards of the said powder-house, upon the penalty of two dollars for every such...

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1823 N.H. Laws 73-74, An Act to Establish a System of Police in the Town of Portsmouth, and for Other Purposes, ch. 34, § 4.

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That if any person or persons shall within the compact part of the town of Portsmouth, that is to say, within one mile of the courthouse, fire or discharge any cannon, gun, pistol or other fire arms, or beat any drum, (except by command of a military o...

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Ordinances, of the Town of Columbia, (S. C.) Passed Since the Incorporation of Said Town: To Which are Prefixed, the Acts of the General Assembly, for Incorporating the Said Town, and Others in Relation Thereto Page 75-76, Image 75-76 (1823) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Ordinances of the Town of Columbia, An Ordinance to Prohibit the Keeping of more gun powder in the town of Columbia than a certain quantity, and for other purposes therein mentioned (1820). Be it ordained by the Intendant and Wardens of the town of Col...

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The Act of Incorporation, and the Ordinances and Regulations of the Town of Marietta, Washington County, Ohio Page 17-18, Image 17-18 (1837) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[Ordinances of Marietta, Ohio; An Ordinance For Preventing the Wanton Use of Fire Arms, Etc., § 1. Be it ordained by the Town of Marietta, in Town meeting legally assembled, and by the authority thereof it is ordained and enacted , That if any per...

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The Acts of Assembly Incorporating the City of St. Louis, and the Ordinances of the City, Which are Now in Force Page 35, Image 35 (1828) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[Ordinances of the City of St. Louis,] An Ordinance Containing Regulations as to Gun Powder, § 1. Be it ordained by the Mayor and board of Aldermen of the city of St. Louis, That no store or shopkeeper, or other person or persons, shall keep, at t...

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An Act of Incorporation for that Part of the Northern Liberties, Lying between the Middle of Sixth Street and the River Delaware, and between Vine Street and Cohocksink Creek, with Ordinances for the Improvement of the Same Page 51, Image 52 (1824) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[An Ordinance for the Suppression of Nuisance, and for the regulation of drivers of carriages and horses, in and through the streets, lanes and alleys, within the incorporated part of the township of the Northern Liberties, and for enforcing useful reg...

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Laws of the State of New-York, Relating to the City of Schenectady: And the Laws and Ordinances of the Common Council of the City of Schenectady Page 58, Image 58 (1824) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[Ordinances of the City of Schenectady,] XI. And be it further ordained, That if any person shall fire or discharge any gun, pistol, rocket, cracker, squib or other fire works, in any street, lane or alley, or in any yard, garden or other enclosure, or...

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George Poindexter, The Revised Code of the Laws of Mississippi: In Which are Comprised All Such Acts of the General Assembly, of a Public Nature, as were in Force at the End of the Year 1823: with a General Index Page 608, Image 612 (1824) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Summary of Private and Local Acts[, Port Gibson] . . . . Said president and selectmen may pass ordinances to regulate the keeping, carting and transporting gunpowder, or other combustible or dangerous materials, and, the use of lights in stables, to re...

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Robert Looney Caruthers, A Compilation of the Statutes of Tennessee, of a General and Permanent Nature, from the Commencement of the Government to the Present time: With References to Judicial Decisions, in Notes, to Which is Appended a New Collection of Forms Page 100-101; Image 105-106 (1836) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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An Act of 1825, § 1. When any sheriff, coroner, or constable, shall know of his own knowledge, or upon the representation of any person, or if he or they, shall have good reason to suspect, any person of being armed with the intention of committin...

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1825 N.H. Laws 74, An Act to Regulate the Keeping and Selling and Transporting of Gunpowder, ch. 61, § 5.

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[I]f any person or persons shall sell or offer for sale by retail any gunpowder in any highway, or in any street, lane, or alley, or on any wharf, or on parade or common, such person so offending shall forfeit and pay for each and every offence a sum n...

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Act Incorporating the City of Cincinnati, and the Ordinances of Said City Now in Force Page 44-45, Image 44-45 (1828) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Ordinances of the City of Cincinnati, An Ordinance to Prevent Accidents from the Firing of Cannon or Other Guns on Boats, in Front of the City of Cincinnati, § 1. Be it, and it is hereby ordained, by the City Council of the city of Cincinnati, Tha...

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1825 Tenn. Priv. Acts 306, An Act to Amend an Act Passed at Murfreesboro, October 20, 1821, Incorporating Winchester and Reynoldsburgh, ch. 292.

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§ 3. Be it enacted, That said mayor and aldermen may, and shall, have power and authority to make any rules and laws regulating the police of said town and the inhabitants thereof, to restrain and punish drinking, gaming, fighting, breaking the sa...

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1825 Tenn. Priv. Acts 306-07, An Act to Amend an Act Passed at Murfreesboro, October 20, 1821, Incorporating Winchester and Reynoldsburgh, ch. 292, § 3.

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That said mayor and aldermen may, and shall, have power and authority to make any rules and laws regulating the police of said town, and the inhabitants thereof, to restrain and punish drinking, ramingn[sic], fighting, breaking the sabbath, shooting an...

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Thomas Wetmore, Commissioner, The Charter and Ordinances of the City of Boston: Together with the Acts of the Legislature Relating to the City Page 116-117, Image 116-117 (1834) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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An ordinance forbidding the firing of Guns, prohibiting Fireworks in certain cases, and to prevent damage by fire, § 1. Be it ordained by the Mayor, Aldermen and Common Council of the City of Boston, in City Council assembled, That no person shall...

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1827 Del. Laws 153, An Act Concerning Crimes And Offenses Committed By Slaves, And For, The Security Of Slaves Properly Demeaning Themselves, ch. 6, § 8.

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That is any negro or mulatto slave shall join, or be willingly present at any riot, rout or unlawful assembly, or shall commit an assault and battery upon any white person, or shall without special permission of his or her master or mistress, presume t...

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Charter and By-Laws of the City of New Haven, November, 1848 Page 48-49, Image 48-49 (1848) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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A By-Law Relative to the Storage and Sale of Gunpowder. Be it ordained by the Mayor, Aldermen, and Common Council of the city of New Haven, in Court of Common Council assembled, 1st. That hereafter no person or persons shall, within the limits hereafte...

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Moreau Louis Lislet, A General Digest of the Acts of the Legislature of Louisiana: Passed from the Year 1804, to 1827, Inclusive, and in Force at this Last Period, with an Appendix and General Index Page 367-368, Image 373-374 (Vol. 1, 1828) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Crimes. § 25. If any person shall challenge another, or shall accept a challenge to fight with sword, pistol, rapier or other dangerous weapon, every person so challenging or accepting such challenge, shall, upon conviction thereof, be fined not e...

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1828 Fla. Laws 75, An Act Relating To Crimes and Misdemeanors, § 106.

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. . . [I]f any person shall hunt by fire light in the night time, with a gun or other firearms beyond his own enclosure, such person shall on conviction, be fined in a sum not exceeding twenty five dollars, or imprisonment not exceeding one month, at t...

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Act of Feb. 17, 1831 § 6, reprinted in 3 statutes of Ohio and Northwestern Territory 1740 (Salmon P. Chase ed., 1835)

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That if any person or persons shall play bullets along or across any street in any town or village within this state... or if any person or persons shall shoot or fire a gun at a target within the limits of any recorded town plat in this state... shall...

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1832 Ohio Laws 194-95, Local Acts vol. 31, An Act to Regulate the Keeping of Gunpowder in the City of Cincinnati, § 1.

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It shall not be lawful for any person or persons to deposit or keep in any store, ware house [sic] or other building in the city of Cincinnati any greater quantity than twenty eight pounds of gunpowder at any one time, and all gunpowder which shall be ...

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1832 Del. Laws 208, A Supplement to an Act to Prevent the Use of Firearms by Free Negroes and Free Mulattoes, and for Other Purposes, chap. 176, § 1.

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. . . it shall not be lawful for free negroes and free mulattoes to have, own, keep or possess any gun, pistol, sword or any warlike instruments whatsoever: Provided however, that if upon application of any such free negro or free mulatto to one of the...

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1832 Conn. Acts 391, An Act Regulating the Mode Of Keeping Of Gunpowder, Chap. 25, § 1-2.

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§ 1 . . . [I]t shall be lawful for the select-men of each and every town within this State, or a majority of them, by their order, in writing, directed to the owners or persons having charge of the same, to cause to be removed to some safe and con...

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Ordinances of the City of Portland, Commencing May 23, 1832 Page 23-24, Image 23-24 (1833) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[Ordinances of the City of Portland,] § 41. Be it further ordained, That if any person shall fire or discharge any gun or pistol from the top or window of any house or other building, or in or upon any of the streets, wharves, lanes, alleys, or pu...

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Simeon Eben Baldwin, Revision of 1875. The General Statutes of the State of Connecticut, with the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution of the United States, and the Constitution of Connecticut Page 539, Image 590 (1874) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Qui-Tam Suits and Forfeitures, § 27. Every person, who shall refuse to remove any gun-powder in his charge, when legally requested by the selectmen of the town in which the same is deposited or kept, or who shall not deposit and keep it at the pla...

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1833 Ohio Laws 118, Local Acts vol. 32, An Act to Regulate the Keeping of Gunpowder in the County of Hamilton, § 1.

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That it shall be the duty of the commissioners of the county of Hamilton, to examine on or before the first day of May next, all buildings wherein any gunpowder may be kept or stored by a greater quantity than one keg within said county and without the...

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1833 Miss. Law 231, An Act To Amend An Act Entitled An Act To Incorporate The Town Of Gallatin . . . , ch. 98, § 3.

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That every person who shall willfully run any horse or fire any gun or pistol within said corporation, shall for the first offence, pay the sum of five dollars, and for the second offence, shall pay ten dollars, and double that for any other offence, t...

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The Revised Statutes of the State of Maine Passed October 22, 1840 to Which are Prefixed the Constitutions of the United States and of the State of Maine, and to Which are Subjoined the Other Public Laws of 1840 and 1841, with an Appendix Page 697, Image 713 (1841) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Section 4. If any person shall carry on the business of manufacturing gun powder, or of mixing or grinding the composition therefor, in any building within eighty rods from any valuable building, erected at the time when such business may be commenced ...

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1834 Mo. Laws 536-37, An Act to Organize Govern and Discipline the Militia, ch. 423, art. 11, pt. 5.

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Every non-commissioned officer and private, appearing without being armed and equipped as the law directs, at any parade or rendezvous, shall be sentenced to pay the following fines, namely: For want of a sufficient sword and belt, if belonging to the ...

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A Digest of the Statute Laws of Kentucky, of a Public and Permanent Nature, from the Commencement of the Government to the Session of the Legislature, Ending on the 24th February, 1834. With References to Judicial Decisions Page 788, Image 794 (Vol. 1, 1834) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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An Act for the Better Preservation of the Breed of Deer, and Preventing unlawful Hunting, § 8. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That whosoever shall hereafter use any fire-hunting or the killing of any deer by such means on an...

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The Charter and Ordinances of the City of Providence, with the Acts of the General Assembly Relating to the City Page 60, Image 61 (1835) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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An Act to Prevent the Firing of Guns within Certain Limits, § 1. Be it enacted by the General Assembly and by the authority thereof it is enacted, That if any person shall fire or discharge any musket, rifle, fowling piece, blunderbuss or other sm...

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An Act Incorporating the City of Cincinnati: And a Digest of the Ordinances of Said City, of a General Nature, Now in Force, with an Appendix Page 57-58, Image 58-59 (1835) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Ordinances of the City of Cincinnati, An Ordinance to Regulate the Keeping of Gunpowder, § 1. Be it ordained by the City Council of the City of Cincinnati, That no person or persons in the city of Cincinnati, shall keep, have, or possess, in any h...

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The By-Laws of the City of New London, with the Statute Laws of the State of Connecticut Relative to Said City Page 47-48, Image 47-48 (1855) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Chapter 26. A ByLaw in relation to the Firing of Guns and Pistols, within the limits of the city of New-London, and making parents and guardians, and masters, liable for breaches of by-laws by minors and apprentices. Be it ordained by the mayor and ald...

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The Charter and Ordinances of the City of Providence, with the Acts of the General Assembly Relating to the City Page 60, Image 61 (1835) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Ordinances of the City of Providence, Fire-arms. An Ordinance in Relation to the Firing of Guns, Pistols and other Fire-arms. § 1. No person shall fire any gun, pistol, rifle or other fire-arm, in any street or lane, or on any public wharf, or on ...

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John P. Duval, Compilation of the Public Acts of the Legislative Council of the Territory of Florida, Passed Prior to 1840 Page 423, Image 425 (1839) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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An Act to Prevent any Person in this Territory from Carrying Arms Secretly. Be it Enacted by the Governor and Legislative Council of the Territory of Florida, That from and after the passage of this act, it shall not be lawful for any person in this Te...

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1835-36 Tenn. Pub. Acts 168, An Act to Amend the Penal Laws of the State, ch. 58, § 1.

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Any free person who, without the consent of the owner, shall sell, loan or give to any slave, any gun, pistol, sword, or dirk, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall, on conviction by presentment or indictment, be fined not less than fifty dollars...

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The Revised Statutes of Mississippi Page 453-454; Image 469-470 (1836) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Revised Statutes of the State of Mississippi, Article Second, Of disorderly Practices on Public Occasions and Holidays, and in Taverns and Vessels. § 3. No person shall fire or discharge any gun, pistol, rockets, squib, cracker, or other firework,...

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1836 Ohio Laws 30-31, General Acts vol. 35, An Act to Organize and Discipline the Militia, § 29.

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That in every regiment, squadron or battalion the field officers shall each arm himself with a good and sufficient sword and pair of pistols, and furnish himself with a good and sufficient horse, with saddle, bridle, martingale and holsters; and in eac...

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1836 Tex. Gen. Laws 54-55, An Act to Provide for the National Defense by Organizing the Militia, § 1.

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. . . to enrol [sic] every such citizen as aforesaid, and all those who shall from time to time arrive at the age of seventeen years or being the age of seventeen years and under the age of fifty years . . . That every citizen so enrolled and notified,...

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Acts Relating to the City of Brooklyn, and the Ordinances Thereof; Together with an Appendix, Containing the Old Charters, Statistical Information, &c. &c. Page 25, Image 222 (1836) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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A Law to Prevent Evil Practices in the City of Brooklyn, Title 1. The Mayor and Aldermen of the city of Brooklyn, in Common Council Convened, do ordain as follows: §1. That it shall not be lawful for any person within the first six wards, and in s...

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Robert Looney Caruthers, A Compilation of the Statutes of Tennessee, of a General and Permanent Nature, from the Commencement of the Government to the Present time: With References to Judicial Decisions, in Notes, to Which is Appended a New Collection of Forms Page 325, Image 330 (1836) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Felonies, § 56. If any person within this state shall fight a duel, or shall deliberately and maliciously challenge, by word or writing, any other person, to fight with sword, pistol, or other deadly weapon, or shall deliberately and maliciously i...

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1836 Ind. Acts 77, An Act to Prevent Disasters on Steam Boats, § 7.

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That when gunpowder is shipped on board a steam boat, which shall at all times by stowed away at as great a distance as possible from the furnace, and written notification thereof shall be placed in three conspicuous parts of the boat; and in the event...

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1837 Miss. Laws 288, An Act To Prevent The Evil Practice Of Duelling [sic] In This State, And For Other Purposes, § 1.

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Every person who shall hereafter challenge another to fight a duel, or who shall send, deliver or cause to be delivered any written or verbal message purporting or intended to be such challenge, or message, or who shall knowingly carry or deliver any s...

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1837 N.J. Laws 373, An Act to Incorporate the City of Trenton, § 24.

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That it shall and may be lawful for the common council of the said city, in common council convened, to pass such ordinances as to them shall seem meet . . . for regulating the keeping and transporting of gunpowder or other combustible or dangerous mat...

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1837 Ala. Acts 7, An Act to Suppress the Use of Bowie Knives, § 2.

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And be it further enacted, [t]hat for every such weapon, sold or given, or otherwise disposed of in this State, the person selling, giving or disposing of the same, shall pay a tax of one hundred dollars, to be paid into the county Treasury; and if any...

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1837 Md. Acts 108,An Act for the Preservation of Wild Fowl in the Waters of Smith’s Island and its Vicinity, in Somerset County, §§ 1-2

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§ 1. That form and after the first day of May next, it shall not be lawful for any person or persons, by day or night to navigate or paddle any open skiff, canoe or open boat of any description, on board of which open skiff, canoe or open boat afo...

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1837 Ala. Acts 7, An Act to Suppress the Use of Bowie Knifes, § 1.

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Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the State of Alabama in General Assembly convened, That if any person carrying any knife or weapon, known as Bowie Knives or Arkansaw [sic] Tooth-picks, or either or any knife or weapon that s...

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1837 Ga. Acts 90, An Act to Guard and Protect the Citizens of this State, Against the Unwarrantable and too Prevalent use of Deadly Weapons, §§ 1–4.

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§ 1 . . . it shall not be lawful for any merchant, or vender of wares or merchandize in this State, or any other person or persons whatsoever, to sell, or offer to sell, or to keep, or to have about their person or elsewhere, any of the hereinafte...

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1837 Ga. Acts 90, An Act to Guard and Protect the Citizens of this State, Against the Unwarrantable and too Prevalent use of Deadly Weapons, § 1.

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. . . it shall not be lawful for any merchant, or vender of wares or merchandize in this State, or any other person or persons whatsoever, to sell, or offer to sell, or to keep, or to have about their person or elsewhere, any of the hereinafter describ...

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1837 Vt. Acts & Resolves 38, An Act for Regulating and Governing the Militia of This State, ch. 9, art. 20.

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Every non commissioned officer and private, who shall neglect to keep himself armed and equipped as provided by this act, or who shall, at any time of examination, or any company training, in the month of June, be destitute, or appear unprovided with t...

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1837 Miss. Law 289-90, An Act To Prevent The Evil Practice Of Dueling In This State And For Other Purposes, § 5.

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That if any person or persons shall be guilty of fighting in any corporate city or town, or any other town or public place, in this state, and shall in such fight use any rifle, shot gun, sword, sword cane, pistol, dirk, bowie knife, dirk knife, or any...

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Revised Statutes of the State of Arkansas, Adopted at the October Session of the General Assembly of Said State, A. D. 1837, in the Year of Our Independence the Sixty-second, and of the State of Second Year Page 733-734, Image 748-749 (1838) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Slaves, § 23. Any gun or other offensive or defensive weapon found in the possession of a slave, without having the written permission of his master the carry the same, may be seized by any person, and upon proof of such seizure before a justice o...

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1837 Del. Laws 166, An Act To Prevent the Discharge Of Fire-arms In the Village of Camden, Kent County, And For Other Purposes Therein Mentioned, ch. 123, § 1.

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. . . if any person or persons shall presume to fire or discharge any gun, ordnance, musket, fowling-piece, fuse or pistol . . . within or on any of the streets, alleys or lanes of the said village of Camden, whereon any buildings are or may be erected...

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1837-38 Tenn. Pub. Acts 200-01, An Act to Suppress the Sale and Use of Bowie Knives and Arkansas Tooth Picks in this State, ch 137, § 2.

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That if any person shall wear any Bowie knife, Arkansas tooth pick, or other knife or weapon that shall in form, shape or size resemble a Bowie knife or Arkansas toothpick under his clothes, or keep the same concealed about his person, such person shal...

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1838 Iowa Acts 449, An Act to Prevent Disasters on Steam Boats, Navigating the Waters Within the Jurisdiction of the Territory of Iowa, §§ 11-12.

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§ 11. It shall be the duty of the master, and officers, of any steam boat carrying gunpowder, as freight, to store the same in the safest part of the vessel, and separate and apart from articles liable to spontaneous combustion, and where, in disc...

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Acts of the General Assembly of Virginia, Passed at the Session of 1838, chap. 101, at 76, § 1

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Be it enacted by the general assembly, That if any person shall hereafter habitually or generally keep or carry about his person any pistol, dirk, bowie knife, or any other weapon of the like kind, from this use of which the death of any person might p...

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1837-1838 Tenn. Pub. Acts 200, An Act to Suppress the Sale and Use of Bowie Knives and Arkansas Tooth Picks in this State, ch. 137, § 1.

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That if any merchant, . . . shall sell, or offer to sell . . . any Bowie knife or knives, or Arkansas tooth picks . . . such merchant shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof upon indictment or presentment, shall be fined in a...

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1837-1838 Tenn. Pub. Acts 201, An Act to Suppress the Sale and Use of Bowie Knives and Arkansas Tooth Picks in the State, ch. 137, § 4.

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That if any person carrying any knife or weapon known as a Bowie knife, Arkansas tooth pick, or any knife or weapon that shall in form, shape or size resemble a Bowie knife, on a sudden rencounter [sic], shall cut or stab another person with such knife...

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Edward Vernon Whiton, Statutes of the Territory of Wisconsin, Passed by the Legislative Assembly Thereof, at a Session Commencing in November 1838, and at an Adjourned Session Commencing in January, 1839, Page 381, Image 381 (1839) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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An Act to Prevent the Commission of Crimes, § 16. If any person shall go armed with a dirk, dagger, sword, pistol or pistols, or other offensive and dangerous weapon, without reasonable cause to fear an assault or other injury, or violence to his ...

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1838 R.I. Pub. Laws 3-5 (Jan. Sess.), An Act Concerning Crimes and Punishments.

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§ 6. Every person who shall be convicted of voluntarily engaging in a duel, with any dangerous weapon, to the hazard of life, shall be imprisoned not exceeding seven years, nor less than one year. § 7. Every person who shall be convicted of c...

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Laws of the State of Mississippi ; embracing all Acts of a Public Nature from January Session, 1824, to January Session 1838, Inclusive Page 736, Image 738 (Jackson, 1838) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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An Act to Prevent the Evil Practice of Dueling in this State, and for other Purposes, § 5. Be it further enacted, That if any person or persons shall be guilty of fighting in any corporate city or town, or any other town, or public place, in this ...

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Revised Statutes of the State of Arkansas, Adopted at the October Session of the General Assembly of Said State, A.D. 1837, in the Year of Our Independence the Sixty second, and of the State of Second Year Page 280, Image 295 (1838) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Every person who shall wear any pistol, dirk, butcher or large knife, or a sword in a cane, concealed as a weapon, unless upon a journey, shall be adjudged guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof, in the county in which the said offence sh...

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Revised Statutes of the State of Arkansas, Adopted at the October Session of the General Assembly of Said State, A. D. 1837, in the Year of Our Independence the Sixty-second, and of the State of Second Year Page 587, Image 602 (1838) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Negroes and Mulattoes, § 17. No free negro shall be suffered to keep or carry any gun or rifle, or weapon of any kind, or any ammunition without a license first had and obtained, for that purpose, from some justice of the peace of the county in wh...

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1839 Ala. Acts 67, An Act to Suppress the Evil Practice of Carrying Weapons Secretly, § 1

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That if any person shall carry concealed about his person any species of fire arms, or any bowie knife, Arkansas tooth-pick, or any other knife of the like kind, dirk, or any other deadly weapon, the person so offending shall, on conviction thereof, be...

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1839 Tex. Gen. Laws 172, An Act Concerning Slaves, § 6

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That no slave in this republic shall carry a gun or other deadly weapon without the written consent of his master, mistress or overseer; such arms or other weapons shall be liable to be taken by any person from any such negro, and all such property for...

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1839 Ky. Acts 246, An Act to Amend the Several Acts Concerning the Towns of Paris and Elizabethtown, chap. 1279, § 8.

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They shall have power to ordain a penalty on persons who shall be guilty of running horses within the limits of said town, blowing horns, or crying aloud, in such manner as to disturb the peace and quiet of the town, or the shooting a gun, or pistol in...

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The Revised Statutes of the State of Maine, Passed October 22, 1840; To Which are Prefixed the Constitutions of the United States and of the State of Maine, and to Which Are Subjoined the Other Public Laws of 1840 and 1841, with an Appendix Page 709, Image 725 (1847) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Justices of the Peace, § 16. Any person, going armed with any dirk, dagger, sword, pistol, or other offensive and dangerous weapon, without a reasonable cause to fear an assault on himself, or any of his family or property, may, on the complaint o...

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James Iredell, A Digested Manual of the Acts of the General Assembly of North Carolina, from the Year 1838 to the Year 1846, Inclusive, Omitting All the Acts of a Private and Local Nature, and Such as were Temporary and Whose Operation Has Ceased to Exist Page 73, Image 73 (1847) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Crimes and Punishments, 1840 - 1. - Ch. 30, If any free negro, mulatto, or free person of color shall wear, or carry about his or her person, or keep in his or her house, any shot gun, musket, rifle, pistol, sword, dagger, or bowie knife, unless he or ...

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1840 Mo. Laws 193-94, An Act To Incorporate The Rural Cemetery Association, § 7.

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Any person who shall willfully . . . shoot or discharge any gun or other fire arms within the said limits, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall, upon conviction thereof before any justice of the peace, or any other court of competent juri...

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Samuel P. Church, The Revised Ordinances of the City of Quincy, Ill. to Which are Prefixed the Charter of the City of Quincy, and the Amendment Thereto Page 47, Image 47 (1841) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[An Ordinance Regulating the Police of the City of Quincy], § 5. Be it further ordained by the City Council of the City of Quincy, That no person shall, within the limits of said city, fire or discharge any cannon, musket, rifle, fowling piece, or...

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1841 Ohio Laws 73, Local Acts vol. 40, An Act to Incorporate the Woodland Cemetery Association of Dayton, § 5.

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That any person who shall willfully . . . shoot or discharge any gun within the limits aforesaid, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall, upon conviction thereof, before the mayor of the city of Dayton, or any justice of the peace of the to...

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1841 Md. Laws 114, An Act To Incorporate The Mount Orange Cemetery, In The County of Baltimore, ch. 148, § 4

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Any Person who shall willfully destroy, mutilate, deface, injure or remove any tomb, monument, grave stone, or other structure, placed in the cemetery . . . or shall shoot or discharge any gun, or other fire arms, within the said limits, shall be consi...

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1841 Ala. Acts 148–49, Of Miscellaneous Offences, ch. 7, § 4.

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Everyone who shall hereafter carry concealed about his person, a bowie knife, or knife or instrument of the like kind or description, by whatever name called, dirk or any other deadly weapon, pistol or any species of firearms, or air gun, unless such p...

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Chas. Ben. Darwin, Ordinances of the City of Burlington, with Head Notes and an Analytic Index Page 149-150, Image 149-150 (1856) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Burlington City Ordinances, Shooting Batteries, Be it ordained by the Mayor and Aldermen of the City of Burlington, § 1. That when application shall be made to the Mayor and Aldermen of the city of Burlington in council assembled, by any gunsmith ...

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1841 Me. Laws 709, ch. 169, § 16.

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If any person shall go armed with a dirk, dagger, sword, pistol, or other offensive and dangerous weapon, without reasonable cause to fear an assault or other injury or violence to his person, or to his family or property, he may, on complaint of any p...

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1841 Del. Laws 198, A Supplement to the Act Entitled “An Act for Establishing the Boundaries of the Town of Dover, and for Other Purposes Therein Mentioned, § 2.

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And be it enacted, That it shall be the duty of the said commissioners, justices and constable to suppress, extinguish and prevent all bonfires from being lighted or kept up on the public square of the said town: and to suppress and prevent the firing ...

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John J. Ormond, The Code of Alabama Page 588-89, Image 608-09 (1852) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources

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Indictable Offences, § 3273. Any one who carries concealed about his person a bowie knife, or knife or instrument of the like kind or description by whatever name called, or air gun, must, on conviction, be fined not less than fifty or more than t...

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Joseph Rockwell Swan, Statutes of the State of Ohio, of a General Nature, in Force, December 7, 1840; Also, the Statutes of a General Nature, Passed by the General Assembly at Their Thirty-Ninth Session, Commencing December 7, 1840 Page 257, Image 273 (1841) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

| | Crimes and Misdemeanors - Third Class, 130, § VI. That if any person or persons shall play bullets, along or across any street in any town or village, within this state; or if any person or persons shall run any horse or horses within the limits of any s...

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James Ewing, Ordinances of the Common Council of the City of Trenton; with the Acts of the Legislature Relative to Said City Page 80, Image 80 (1842) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Ordinances of the [City of Trenton], An Ordinance Concerning the Firing of Guns, Be it Ordained and Enacted by the inhabitants of the city of Trenton, in common council assembled, and it is hereby enacted by the authority of the same, § 1. From an...

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Henry A. Bullard & Thomas Curry, 1 A New Digest of the Statute Laws of the State of Louisiana, from the Change of Government to the Year 1841 at 252 (E. Johns & Co., New Orleans, 1842).

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. . . [A]ny person who shall be found with any concealed weapon, such as a dirk, dagger, knife, pistol, or any other deadly weapon concealed in his bosom, coat, or in any other place about him, that do not appear in full open view, any person so offend...

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9 Del. Laws 552 (1843), A Further Supplement To An Act Entitled “An Act To Prevent The Use Of Fire-arms By Free Negroes And Free Mulattoes And For Other Purposes, § 1

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That the proviso in the first section of the act to which this is a further supplement, and all and every the provisions of the said act, or any other supplemental act thereto, which authorizes the issuing, by a justice of the peace, of a license or pe...

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1843 R.I. Sess. Laws 13, An Act to Regulate The Militia, § 38

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No non-commissioned officer or private, shall unnecessarily, or without orders from his superior officer, come on to any place of parade, with his musket, rifle, or pistol loaded with balls, slugs, shot, or other dangerous substance, or shall so load t...

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1844 R.I. Pub. Laws 501, An Act To Regulate The Militia, §§1, 45

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§ 1. Every able bodied white male citizen in this state, who is or shall be of the age of eighteen years, and not exceeding the age of forty-five years, excepting persons absolutely exempted by the provisions of this act, and idiots, lunatics, com...

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1844 Mo. Laws 577, An Act To Restrain Intercourse With Indians, ch. 80, § 4.

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No person shall sell, exchange or give, to any Indian, any horse, mule, gun, blanket, or any other article or commodity whatever, unless such Indian shall be traveling through the state, and leave a written permit from the proper agent, or under the di...

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1845 Iowa Laws 119, An Act to Incorporate and Establish the City of Dubuque, chap 123, § 12

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That the said city council shall have power, and it is hereby made their duty to make and publish from time to time, all such ordinances as shall be necessary to secure said city and the inhabitants thereof . . . to impose fines, forfeitures and penalt...

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1845 Conn. Acts 10, An Act Prohibiting the Firing of Guns and Other Fire Arms in the City of New Haven, chap. 10.

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[E]very person who shall fire any gun or other fire-arm of any kind whatever within the limits of the city of New Haven, except for military purposes, without permission first obtained from the mayor of said city, shall be punished by fine not exceedin...

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1845 Del. Laws 10, A Supplement To The Act Entitled “An Act To Survey, Lay Out And Regulate the Streets Of Smyrna and for Other Purposes,” ch. 12, § 2.

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That it shall be the duty of the said commissioners, justice of the peace and constable to suppress, extinguish and prevent all bonfires from being lighted or kept up in any of the streets, lanes or alleys of the said town, and to suppress and prevent ...

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Sanford Moon Green, The Revised Statutes of the State of Michigan: Passed and Approved May 18, 1846 Page 692, Image 708 (1846) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Arrest &c. of Offenders, § 16. If any person shall go armed with a dirk, dagger, sword, pistol or other offensive and dangerous weapon, without reasonable cause to fear an assault or other injury, or violence to his person, or to his family or...

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James Iredell, A Digested Manual of the Acts of the General Assembly of North Carolina, from the Year 1838 to the Year 1846, Inclusive, Omitting All the Acts of a Private and Local Nature, and Such as were Temporary and Whose Operation Has Ceased to Exist Page 75, Image 75 (1847) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Crimes and Punishments, 1846 - 7- Ch. 42. It shall not be lawful for any person or persons to sell or barter and deliver, to any slave, or slaves, any gun cotton, fire arms, swords, dirks or other side arms, unless those articles be for the owner or em...

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Sanford Moon Green, The Revised Statutes of the State of Michigan: Passed and Approved May 18, 1846 Page 200-201, Image 216-217 (1846) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Municipal Regulations of Police, Gunpowder, § 3. The inhabitants of every township or incorporated village may, at any regular meeting, order that no gunpowder shall be kept in any place within the limits of such township or village, unless the sa...

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1846 Va. Acts 67

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That if any person shall unlawfully shoot at another in any public square ... with intent in so doing to maim, disfigure, disable or kill such person, or to do him some other bodily harm, ... every such offender, his aiders and abettors, shall be guilt...

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1847 Pa. Laws 266, An Act Relating to the Laurel Hill Cemetery in Philadelphia, § 1.

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That if any person shall open any tomb or grave in the lands of the cemetery of Laurel Hill cemetery company of Philadelphia . . . or shall shoot or discharge any gun or other fire arms within said limits shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor. . .Read More

Chas. Ben. Darwin, Ordinances of the City of Burlington, with Head Notes and an Analytic Index Page 72-73, Image 72-73 (1856) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Burlington City Ordinances, An Ordinance to Regulate the Storage and Sale of Gunpowder in the City of Burlington, § 1. Be it ordained by the city Council of the city of Burlington, That it shall not be lawful for any merchant, trader, or other per...

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A Digest of Acts of Assembly, Relating to the Incorporated District of the Northern Liberties; and of the Ordinances for the Government of the District Page 101-102, Image 101-102 (1847) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Ordinances of the Northern Liberties, Act of March 16, 1847. Whereas an article called gun cotton, with properties of ignition and explosion similar to those of gunpowder, and equally if not more dangerous in towns and cities, has been introduced. Ther...

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1847 Va. Laws 127, c. 14, § 16.

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If any person shall go armed with any offensive or dangerous weapon without reasonable cause to fear an assault or other injury, or violence to his person, or to his family or property, he may be required to find sureties for keeping the peace for a te...

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1847 Ga. Laws 138, An Act To Incorporate The Evergreen Cemetery Company Of Bonaventure, § 5.

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That any person who shall willfully or wantonly destroy, mutilate, deface, injure or remove any tomb, monument, gravestone, or other structure placed in the Cemetery aforesaid, or any fence, railing, or other work for the protection or ornament of the ...

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Joseph Barlow Felt Osgood, The Charter and Ordinances of the City of Salem, Together with the Acts of the Legislature Relating to the City: Collated and Revised Pursuant to an Order of the City Council Page 67-68, Image 77-78 (1853) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[Ordinances of Salem,] Fire, § 18. By an act passed March, 6 1847, the inhabitants of any town, and the government of any city in this Commonwealth, may order than no gun-cotton, or other substance prepared, like it, for explosion, shall be kept w...

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John C. White, Digest of the Laws and Ordinances of the Parish of East Feliciana, Adopted by the Police Jury of the Parish Page 80, Image 82 (1848) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Ordinances for the Better Regulation of Clinton, Police Jury, September Session, 1847, § 1. Be it Resolved, That shooting of guns, pistols, or any other fire arms within the limits of the town of Clinton, except in extreme cases, such as shooting ...

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1847 Conn. Acts 11, An Act Relating To Cemeteries, chap. 9.

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That every person, who shall willfully and maliciously destroy, mutilate, deface or injure, or remove any tomb, monument or gravestone or other structure placed within any cemetery, grave yard or place of public burial . . . or shall discharge any gun ...

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Leslie A. Thompson, A Manual or Digest of the Statute Law of the State of Florida, of a General and Public Character, in Force at the End of the Second Session of the General Assembly of the State, on the Sixth Day of January, 1847 Page 547, Image 582 (1847) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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For the Prevention of Indians Roaming at Large Throughout the State, § 1. From and after the passage of this act, if any male Indian of the years of discretion, venture to roam or ramble beyond the boundary lines of the reservations, which have be...

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The Municipal Register, Containing the City Charter, with Rules and Orders of the City Council, Also the Ordinances, and a List of the Officers of the City of Roxbury, for 1848-49 Page 58, Image 58 (1848) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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City Ordinances [of the City of Roxbury, To Prevent unlawful and Injurious Practices in the Streets and Other Public Places, ]§ 16. No person shall, except in the performance of some duty required by law, discharge any gun, pistol, or other fire a...

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The Revised Charter and Ordinances of the City of Detroit Page 150, Image 151 (1848) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[Ordinances of Detroit,] Prevention of Fires, § 9. No person shall fire or set off any squib, cracker, gunpowder or fire works, or fire any gun or pistol in any part of this city, unless by written permission of the Mayor or two Aldermen, which pe...

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John C. White, Digest of the Laws and Ordinances of the Parish of East Feliciana, Adopted by the Police Jury of the Parish Page 68, Image 70 (1848) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[Ordinances of the Parish of East Feliciana,] Of Slaves, § 5. No slave shall carry a gun to hunt, except on the plantation of his master or mistress; nor then unless accompanied by the overseer or some other free white member of the family, or has...

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1848 Pa. Laws 137, An Act To Incorporate A Company To Erect A Bridge Over The River Schuylkill, At Or Near Laurensville, In The county Of Chester, § 13

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. . . and if any person shall be guilty of carrying any lighted cigar . . . or who shall discharge any pistol or gun, or any fire arms on or near said bridge, so that the said bridge, by possibility, be set on fire, or injured by said cause, he or she ...

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1848 Ala. Acts 121–22, An Act To Prevent the Storage of Gun-powder in Larger Quantities Than One Hundred Pounds Within the City of Mobile, § 1.

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It shall not be lawful for the Corporation of the City of Mobile, or any person or persons, to receive or keep, or have on storage in any building of any kind within three miles of the Mobile River, or Bay, gun-powder or gun-cotton or any explosive mat...

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The Revised Ordinances of the City of Portland, 1848 Page 22, Image 22 (1848) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[Ordinances of the City of Portland,] Of Gunpowder, § 1. No person not licensed to keep and sell gunpowder shall keep or have in his shop, store, dwelling house or other tenement, at any one time, a larger quantity of gunpowder than one pound. &se...

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P. G. Rhome, By-Laws of the Corporation of Crawfordville, Georgia. Ordained January 20th, 1849 Page 8, Image 9 (1849) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[By-Laws of Crawfordville,] Article VII, Internal Police, § 1. No individual shall shoot or discharge any pistol, gun, rifle or other fire-arms within the corporate limits, under the penalty, for the first offence, of not less than twenty five cen...

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John Purdon, A Digest of the Laws of Pennsylvania, from the Year One Thousand Seven Hundred to the Twenty-Second Day of April, One Thousand Eight Hundred and Forty-Six. Seventh Edition Page 1228, Image 1228 (1852) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Act of April 5, 1849, An Act to Prevent the Opening of Streets of Public Roads Through Burial Grounds, and For the Protection of Cemeteries and Grave Yards, § 2. Any person who shall willfully destroy, mutilate, deface, injure or remove any tomb, ...

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1849 Cal. Stat. 245, An Act to Incorporate the City of San Francisco, § 127.

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. . . if any person shall have upon him any pistol, gun, knife, dirk, bludgeon, or other offensive weapon, with intent to assault any person, every such person, on conviction, shall be fined not more than one hundred dollars or imprisoned in the County...

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John M. Lea, The Revised Laws of the City of Nashville, with the Various Acts of Incorporation and Laws Applicable to the Town and City of Nashville, and a List of the Different Boards of Mayor and Aldermen, and Other Officers of Said City from the Year 1806 to 1850, Inclusive Page 49, Image 50 (1850) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[An Act to Reduce the Several Acts Incorporating the Town of Nashville in one act, and to Amend the Same, § 6. The Mayor and Aldermen shall have power, by ordinance within the city – ]25th. To regulate the storage of gun-powder, tar, pitch, ...

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1850 Mass. Gen. Law, ch. 194, §1.

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Any person arrested upon the warrant of a magistrate, issued against him for any alleged offence against the laws of this Commonwealth, and any person committing any criminal offence aginst the laws of this Commonwealth, or any breach or disturbance of...

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1850 Mass. Gen. Law, ch. 194 § 2, as codified in Mass. Gen. Stat., chap. 164 (1873) § 11

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Any person who shall, within this State, hereafter manufacture, or cause to be manufactured, or sell, or expose for sale, any instrument or weapon of the kind usually known as slung shot, shall be punished therefor by a fine not less than fifty dollars...

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1851 Ky. Acts 296, Of Dealing With Slaves and Suffering Them to go at Large, § 12.

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If any negro shall keep or carry a gun, or other deadly weapon, powder, or shot, the same may be seized by any free white person; and upon due proof thereof, before a justice of the peace, it shall be forfeited, and vested in the person seizing; and if...

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1851 R.I. Pub. Laws 9, An Act In Amendment Of An Act Entitled An Act Relating To Theatrical Exhibitions And Places Of Amusement, §§ 1 and 2

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§ 1. No pistol gallery or rifle gallery, or any other building or enclosure, where fire arms are used for practicing in firing with ball or shot, shall hereafter be kept in the compact part of the town of Newport, under a penalty of two hundr...

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T. Henry, A Digest of the Ordinances of the Corporation of the District of Penn, and Acts of Assembly Relating Thereto Page 286, Image 286 (1852) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Ordinances [of the District of Penn, PA], Ordinance of July 14, 1851, An Ordinance Providing for the Appointment of a Captain of the Watch, and the establishment of a Nightly Watch in the District of Penn. § 1. Be it ordained, etc. That from and a...

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1851 Pa. Laws 382, An Act Authorizing Francis Patrick Kenrick, Bishop of Philadelphia, to Convey Certain Real Estate in the Borough of York, and a Supplement to the Charter of Said Borough, § 4.

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That any person who shall willfully and maliciously carry any pistol, gun, dirk knife, slung shot, or deadly weapon in said borough of York, shall be deemed guilty of a felony, and being thereof convicted shall be sentenced to undergo an imprisonment a...

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Morton Smith Wilkinson, The Revised Statutes of the Territory of Minnesota, Passed at the Second Session of the Legislative Assembly, Commencing January 1, 1851: Printed and Published Pursuant to Law Page 528, Image 538 (Vol. 1, 1851) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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If any person shall go armed with a dirk, dagger, sword, pistol or pistols, or other offensive and dangerous weapon, without reasonable cause to fear an assault or other injury or violence to his person, or to his family, or property, he may, on compla...

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1851 R.I. Pub. Laws 9, An Act In Amendment Of An Act Entitled An Act Relating To Theatrical Exhibitions And Places Of Amusement, §§ 1-2

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§ 1. No pistol gallery, or rifle gallery, or any other building, or enclosure, where fire arms are used for practicing in firing with ball or shot, shall hereafter be kept in the compact part of the town of Newport, under a penalty of two hundred ...

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John Purdon, A Digest of the Laws of Pennsylvania, from the Year One Thousand Seven Hundred to the Twenty-Second Day of April, One Thousand Eight Hundred and Forty-Six Page 1389, Image 1389 (1852) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Act of 8th April, 1851, An Act Authorizing Francis Patrick Kenrick, Bishop of Philadelphia, to convey certain real estate in the borough of York, and a supplement to the charter of the said borough, § 4. Any person who shall willfully and maliciou...

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George Manierre, The Revised Charter and Ordinances of the City of Chicago: To Which are Added the Constitutions of the United States and State of Illinois Page 123-125, Image 131-133 (1851) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Ordinances of the City of Chicago: Regulating the Keeping and Conveying Gun Powder and Gun Cotton; § I. (Be it ordained by the Common Council of the city of Chicago) That no person shall keep, sell, or give away gun powder or gun cotton in any qua...

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Charter and Ordinances of the City of Milwaukee, and Amendatory Acts, Together with a List of Officers and Rules and Regulations of the Common Council Page 126, Image 127 (1852) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Ordinances of the [City of Milwaukee], An Ordinance for the Prevention of Fire, § 3. No person shall fire or set off any squib, cracker, or gun-powder, or fire-work, or build any bonfire within one hundred feet of any building in this city, under ...

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Levi Peirce, Commissioner, The Consolidation and Revision of the Statutes of the State, of a General Nature Page 185, Image 193 (1852) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Crimes and Offences, Manslaughter. § 5. When gunpowder is shipped on board of a steamboat, which shall at all times be stowed away at as great a distance as possible from the furnace, a written notification of the fact shall be placed in three con...

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Seymour Dwight Thompson, A Compilation of the Statute Laws of the State of Tennessee, of a General and Permanent Nature, Compiled on the Basis of the Code of Tennessee, With Notes and References, Including Acts of Session of 1870-’71 Page 52, Image 721 (Vol. 2, 1873) available at the The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Of Offences Against the Person, [Assault and Battery and Attempt to Commit Crime,] § 4628. If any person assaults and beats another with a cowhide, stick, or whip, having a the time in his possession a pistol or other deadly weapon, with intent to...

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Charles Anderson Wickliffe, The Revised Statutes of Kentucky, Approved and Adopted by the General Assembly, 1851 and 1852: in Force from July 1, 1852 Page 671, Image 679 (1852) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Article VII, Miscellaneous Provisions, § 1. No person, except a gunsmith on his own premises, shall shoot off a gun or pistol in a town. Any person offending herein shall be fined five dollars and costs, to be collected by the trustees, and applie...

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1852 N.M. Laws 67, An Act Prohibiting the Carrying a Certain Class of Arms, within the Settlements and in Balls, § 1.

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That each and every person is prohibited from carrying short arms such as pistols, daggers, knives, and other deadly weapons, about their persons concealed, within the settlements, and any person who violates the provisions of this act shall be fined i...

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1852 Fla. Laws 137, An Act To Prevent Fire Hunting in the County of St. Johns, ch. 558, § 1.

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. . . [I]t shall not be lawful for any person or persons to hunt with a gun or other fire arms, by fire light in the night time at any place within the County of St. Johns in this State, except within his own enclosure such person shall on conviction b...

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A Municipal Register of the City of Concord, Containing the City Charter and Ordinances, the Rules of the City Council, and a List of the City Officers Page 39, Image 40 (1857) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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An Ordinance for the Prevention of Certain Practices on the Sabbath, § 2. It shall be unlawful for any person to enter upon, or travel over or through any garden, orchard, or field other than his own, or over or through any grounds of any other pe...

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John Purdon, Purdon’s Digest. A Digest of the Laws of Pennsylvania, from the Year One Thousand Seven Hundred to the Twenty-Eighth Day of May, One Thousand Eight Hundred and Fifty-three Page 150, Image 182 (1853) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Concealed Weapons, § 1. Any person within the limits of the city and county of Philadelphia, who shall carry any fire-arms, slung-shot or other deadly weapon concealed upon his person, with the intent therewith unlawfully and maliciously to do inj...

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1853 Or. Laws 220, Proceedings to Prevent Commission of Crimes, ch. 16, §17.

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If any person shall go armed with dirk, dagger, sword, pistol, or other offensive and dangerous weapon, without reasonable cause to fear an assault, injury, or other violence to his person, or to his family or property, he may, on complaint of any othe...

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1853 Or. Laws 257, An Act to Prohibit the Sale of Arms and Ammunition to Indians, § 1.

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[I]f any white citizen, or other person than an Indian, shall sell, barter, or give to any Indian in this territory any gun, rifle, pistol or other kind of firearms, any powder, lead, percussion caps or other ammunition whatever, any person so offendin...

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Chas. Ben. Darwin, Ordinances of the City of Burlington, with Head Notes and an Analytic Index Page 108, Image 108 (1856) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Burlington City Ordinances, § 19. Whoever shall in any highway or thoroughfare in this city fly a kite, or use any sport or exercise likely to scare horses, injure passengers, or embarrass the passage of vehicles, or shall in any place within the ...

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Ordinances and Joint Resolutions of the City of San Francisco; Together with a List of the Officers of the City and County, and Rules and Orders of the Common Council Page 220, Image 256 (1854) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Ordinances of the [City of San Francisco], § 13. Every person, house, or firm engaged in keeping a pistol or rifle shooting gallery, shall pay for a license to carry on the same, the sum of ten dollars per quarter, in addition to the amount of the...

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Laws for the Government of the City of Raleigh, Containing All Legislative Enactments Relative Thereto, and the Ordinances of the Board of Commissioners Now in Force: From the First Act of Incorporation to 1854 Page 63, Image 64 (1854) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Ordinances [of Raleigh], General Regulations, § 6. No person shall discharge any gun or other fire-arms within any of the streets or public squares of the city, or upon any lot of the same, (excepting his own lot,) on pain of forfeiting four dolla...

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1854 Mo. Laws 1094, An Act Concerning Free Negros and Mulattoes, ch. 114, §§ 2-3.

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§ 2. No free negro or mulatto shall be suffered to keep or carry any firelock, or weapon of any kind, or any ammunition, without license first had and obtained for the purpose, from a justice of the peace of the county in which such free negro or ...

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1854 Wash. Sess. Law 80, An Act Relative to Crimes and Punishments, and Proceedings in Criminal Cases, ch. 2, § 30.

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Every person who shall, in a rude, angry, or threatening manner, in a crowd of two or more persons, exhibit any pistol, bowie knife, or other dangerous weapon, shall on conviction thereof, be imprisoned in the county jail not exceeding one year, and be...

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1854 Wash. Sess. Laws 80, An Act Relative to Crimes and Punishments, and Proceedings in Criminal Cases, ch. 2, § 28.

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Every person who shall assault and beat another with a cowhide or whip, having with him at the time a pistol, or other deadly weapon, shall on conviction thereof, be imprisoned in the county jail not more than one year, nor less than three months, and ...

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Asa Fowler, The General Statutes of the State of New-Hampshire; to Which are Prefixed the Constitutions of the United States and of the State. With a Glossary and Digested Index Page 206, Image 227 (1867) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Safe-Keeping of Gunpowder, § 1. The board of firewards, if any, or the selectmen of any town, may establish rules and regulations from time to time relative to the times and places at which gunpowder may be brought to or carried from such town, by...

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1855 Ind. Acts 153, An Act To Provide For The Punishment Of Persons Interfering With Trains or Railroads, chap. 79, § 1.

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That any person who shall shoot a gun, pistol, or other weapon, or throw a stone, stick, clubs, or any other substance whatever at or against any locomotive, or car, or train of cars containing persons, on any railroad in this State, shall be deemed gu...

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W.G. Armstrong, The Ordinances and Charter of the City of Jeffersonville Page 15-17, Image 15-17 (1855) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Ordinances [of Jeffersonville], § 3, pt. 10. It shall also be a nuisance and unlawful: . . . To keep in any one building more than twenty five pounds of gun powder, except in a powder house or Magazine, or to keep any quantity of gun powder for sa...

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1855-1856 Tenn. Pub. Acts 34, An Act to Amend and Reduce into One, the Acts Relating to the Charter of the Town of Clarkeville, ch. 32, § 2, pt. 20.

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To provide for the prevention and extinguishment of fires; to organize, establish and equip fire companies, hose companies, and hook and ladder companies; to regulate, restrain or prohibit the erection of wooden or combustible buildings in any part of ...

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Edward W. Gantt, A Digest of the Statutes of Arkansas Embracing All Laws of a General and Permanent Character in Force at the Close of the Session of the General Assembly of One Thousand Eight Hundred and Seventy-Three Page 383, Image 383 (1874) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources. .

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Sabbath Breaking. § 1622. If any person shall be found hunting with a gun, with intent to kill game, or shooting for amusement on the Sabbath day, on conviction thereof he shall be fined in any sum not less than five nor more than twenty-five doll...

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John F. Dillon, The Revised Ordinances of the City of Davenport, Revised and Digested by Order of the City Council, Containing the Original and Amended City Charters, with Notes and References to Judicial Decisions Page 145, Image 145 (1866) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary

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[Ordinances of Davenport Iowa,] Chapter 19, An Ordinance to Prohibit the Discharge of fire-arms, fire-crackers, and rockets within the city, § 1. No person shall discharge any gun, pistol or other fire-arms, or use or discharge any fire-crackers, ...

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Edmund William McGregor Mackey, The Revised Statutes of the State of South Carolina, Prepared by Commissioners under an Act of the General Assembly, Approved March 9, 1869, to Which is Prefixed the Constitution of the United States and the Constitution of South Carolina Page 404, Image 482 (1873) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Hunting, General Provisions, § 21. That it shall not be lawful for any non-resident of this State to use a gun, set a trap or decoy, or to employ any other device for killing or taking deer, turkeys, ducks or other game, not to set a trap, seine, ...

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1855 Ill. Criminal Code 365, Offenses Against the Persons of Individuals, Div. V, § 43.

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If any person hereafter shall willfully and maliciously, or by agreement, fight a duel or single combat with any engine, instrument or weapon, the probable consequence of which might be the death of either party, and in so doing shall kill his antagoni...

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W.H. Gaylord, Standing Rules of Order of the Cleveland City Council: With a Catalogue of the Mayors and Councils of the City of Cleveland, from Its Organization, April, 1836, to April, 1871, and Officers of the City Government for 1872 Page 128, Image 152 (1872) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[Ordinances of the City of Cleveland,] Gunpowder, An Ordinance to Establish a Magazine, and Regulate the Sale of Powder. Be it ordained by the City Council of the city of Cleveland... § 3. No person shall keep within the city, any quantity of gunp...

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Chas. Ben. Darwin, Ordinances of the City of Burlington, with Head Notes and an Analytic Index Page 159, Image 159 (1856) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Burlington City Ordinances, [To Prevent Fires,] § 9. The Mayor, wharf master, or either fire warden may give such directions as either of them may think proper, relative to the location of any boat having on board gunpowder, gun cotton, hay or oth...

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1856-1857 N.C. Sess. Laws 34, Pub. Laws, An Act Entitled “Revenue,” ch. 34, § 23, pt. 4.

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On every pistol, except such as are used exclusively for mustering, and on every bowie-knife, one dollar and twenty five cents; on dirks and swordcanes, sixty five cents: Provided, however, That of said arms, only such shall be taxable, as at some time...

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John W.A. Sanford, The Code of the City of Montgomery, Prepared in Pursuance of an Order of the City Council of Montgomery Page 7-9, Image 12 (1861) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[An Act to Incorporate the City of Montgomery, Approved December 23d, 1837] § 6. And be it further enacted, That the said Mayor and Aldermen, shall have power and authority for the ordinary current expenses of said city, to assess, levy and collec...

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1856 Ala. Acts 17, To Amend the Criminal Law, §1.

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That anyone who shall sell or give or lend, to any male minor, a bowie knife, or knife or instrument of the like kind or description, by whatever name called, or air gun or pistol, shall, on conviction be fined not less than three hundred, nor more tha...

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W. H. Gaylord, Standing Rules of Order of the Cleveland City Council: With a Catalogue of the Mayors and Councils of the City of Cleveland, from Its Organization, April, 1836, to April, 1871, and Officers of the City Government for 1872 Page 101, Image 124 (1872) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[Ordinances of the City of Cleveland,] An Ordinance to Prevent the Firing of Guns and Fire-works, § 1. Be it ordained by the City Council of the City of Cleveland, That no person shall fire any cannon, gun, rifle, pistol, or fire-arms of any kind,...

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Revised Ordinances of the Corporation of Winchester, with the Act of Incorporation and Certain Other Acts of the General Assembly Concerning the Town of Winchester, and the Constitution of Virginia Page 78, Image 78 (1856) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Ordinances of the [City of Winchester,] Of Certain Offences Punishable by Fine or Otherwise within the Corporation of Winchester, § 3. Any person who shall fire a gun, pistol or other firearm within this Corporation, except in case of necessity in...

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1856 Mass. Acts 85-87, An Act to Incorporate the Proprietors of Oak Grove Cemetery, chap. 154, § 6

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Any person who shall willfully destroy, mutilate, deface, injure or remove any tomb, monument, grave-stone, or other structure placed in the cemetery aforesaid . . . or discharge any gun or other fire-arms, within the said limits, shall be deemed guilt...

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Louis J. Dupree, A Digest of the Ordinances of the City Council of Memphis, from the Year 1826 to 1857 Together with All Acts of the Legislature of Tennessee Which Relate Exclusively to the City of Memphis, with an Appendix Page 161, Image 161 (1857) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[Ordinances of the City of Memphis, Pistols and Guns, § 1. It shall be unlawful for any person to fire any pistol, gun or other firearm within the limits of this city, unless it be on the occasion of a military parade, and then only by the order o...

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1857 D.C. Code 570, Of Proceedings to Prevent and Detect the Comission of Crime, ch. 141, § 16.

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If any person shall go armed with a dirk, dagger, sword, pistol, or other offensive and dangerous weapon, without reasonable cause to fear an assault or other injury or violence to his person . . . he may, on complaint of any person having reasonable c...

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Samuel Ames, The Revised Statutes of the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations: To Which are Prefixed, The Constitutions of the United States and of the State Page 204-205, Image 219-220 (1857) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Of Bowling-alleys, Billiard Tables and Shooting Galleries, § 2. Any person who shall keep any pistol gallery, rifle gallery or other building or enclosure where fire-arms are used for practicing in firing with ball or shot in the compact part of t...

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Samuel Ames, The Revised Statutes of the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations: To Which are Prefixed, The Constitutions of the United States and of the State Page 614, Image 629 (1857) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Discipline, Inspection, Etc. § 9. No non-commissioned officer or private shall unnecessarily, or without orders from his superior officer, come on to any place of parade with his musket, rifle or pistol loaded with balls, slugs, shot or other dang...

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Henry John Horn, The Charter and Ordinances of the City of St. Paul, Together with Legislative Acts Relating to the City, and the State Constitution, in an Appendix Page 113, Image 114 (1858) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Revised Ordinances [of the City of St. Paul], An Ordinance to Restrain the Use of Fire Arms and the Exhibition of Fire Works. The Common Council of the City of Saint Paul do ordain as follows: § 1. It shall not be lawful for any person to fire or ...

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The Charter and Ordinances of the City of St. Paul, (To August 1st, 1863, Inclusive,) Together with Legislative Acts Relating to the City. Page 166-167, Image 167-168 (1863) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Ordinances of the City of St. Paul, An Ordinance to Regulate the Sale of Gunpowder, § 1. No person shall keep, sell or give away gunpowder or guncotton in any quantity without first having paid into the City Treasurer the sum of five dollars, and ...

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A Compilation of the Acts of the Legislature Incorporating the City of Macon, Georgia, and of the Ordinances, Passed by the City Council of Macon, to the 14th February, 1858, Now of Force Page 48, Image 48 (1858) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Ordinances. § 5. It shall not be lawful for any person to fire a gun, pistol, or any other fire arms, within three hundred yards of any house, except in cases of military parade; nor shall any person burn rockets, crackers, or any kind of firework...

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1858-1859 N.C. Sess. Laws 34-36, Pub. Laws, An Act Entitled Revenue, chap. 25, § 27, pt. 15.

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The following subjects shall be annually listed, and be taxed the amounts specified: . . . Every dirk, bowie-knife, pistol, sword-cane, dirk-cane and rifle cane, used or worn about the person of any one at any time during the year, one dollar and twent...

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1858 Wis. Rev. Stat. 985, Of Proceedings to Prevent the Commission of Crime, ch. 175, § 18.

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If any person shall go armed with a dirk, dagger, sword, pistol or pistols, or other offensive and dangerous weapon, without reasonable cause to fear an assault or other injury or violence to his person, or to his family or property, he may, on complai...

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1858-1859 N.M. Laws 68, An Act to Provide for the Protection of Property in Slaves in this Territory, ch. 26, § 7.

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Any person who shall sell, lend, hire, give, or in any manner furnish to any slave any sword, dirk, bowie-knife, gun, pistol or other fire arms, or any other kind of deadly weapon of offence, or any ammunition of any kind suitable for fire arms, shall,...

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Laws Relating to, and Ordinances of the Corporation of the Borough of Minersville Page 33, Image 33 (1887) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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An Ordinance Prohibiting the Carrying of Concealed Weapons in the Borough of Minersville, and for other Purposes, § 1. Be it ordained by the authority of the President and Town Council of the Borough of Minersville, and it is hereby ordained by au...

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1858 Neb. Laws 69, An Act to Adopt and Establish a Criminal Code for the Territory of Nebraska, ch. 1, § 135.

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. . . And if any person shall have upon him any pistol, gun, knife, dirk, bludgeon or other offensive weapon with intent to assault any person, every such person, on conviction, shall be fined in a sum not exceeding one hundred dollars, or imprisoned n...

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William Stanley, City Attorney, Charter and Ordinances of the City of Leavenworth Page 42, Image 43 (1859) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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An Ordinance Relating to Concealed Weapons, §1. That hereafter it shall be unlawful to carry any concealed weapons within the limits of this city. § 2. That any person guilty of carrying a pistol, dirk, bowie-knife, colt, slung-shot, brass, l...

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A Municipal Register of the City of Concord, Containing the City Charter and Ordinances, the Rules of the City Council, and a List of the City Officers Page 74, Image 75 (1868) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[Ordinances of the City of Concord,] An Ordinance to Guard Against Damage to the Property of the City, Be it ordained by the City Council of the City of Concord, as follows: §1. No person shall discharge any gun or fire-arms within, on, or at, any...

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1859 Ohio Laws 56, An Act to Prohibit the Carrying or Wearing of Concealed Weapons, § 1.

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[W]hoever shall carry a weapon or weapons, concealed on or about his person, such as a pistol, bowie knife, dirk, or any other dangerous weapon, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and on conviction of the first offense shall be fined not exceedin...

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William Stanley, Charter and Ordinances of the City of Leavenworth Page 76, Image 77 (1859) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Ordinances of Leavenworth, KS; An Ordinance Relating to Misdemeanors, § 4. For discharging any fire-arms, setting off fire-crackers or squibs, throwing any fire-ball or other combustible substance, or making bonfires within the limits of the city,...

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1859 N.M. Laws 94, § 1-2.

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§ 1. That from and after the passage of this act, it shall be unlawful for any person to carry concealed weapons on their persons, of any class of pistols whatever, bowie knife (cuchillo de cinto), Arkansas toothpick, Spanish dagger, slung-shot, o...

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D. T. Valentine, Ordinances of the Mayor, Aldermen and Commonalty of the City of New York: Revised A. D. 1859 Adopted by the Common Council Page 235, Image 243 (1859) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Ordinances of the City of New York. Firing of Fire-Arms, Cannons and Fireworks. § 6. No tavern-keeper, keeper of a public house, garden or place of resort, nor any other person, shall suffer or permit any person to practice with or fire off any pi...

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Joseph Rockwell Swan, The Revised Statutes of the State of Ohio, of a General Nature, in Force August 1, 1860. With Notes of the Decisions of the Supreme Court Page 452, Image 464 (1860) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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An Act to Prohibit the Carrying or Wearing of Concealed Weapons, Section 1. Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of Ohio, that whoever shall carry a weapon or weapons, concealed on or about his person, such as a pistol, bowie knife, ...

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1859 Wash. Sess. Laws 119, An Act Relative to Crimes and Punishment, and Proceedings in Criminal Cases, ch. 5, § 76.

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Every person who shall convey into any penitentiary, jail or house of correction, or house of reformation, any disguise, or any instrument, tool, weapon or other thing, adapted to, or useful, in aiding any prisoner there, lawfully committed or detained...

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The Charters and Ordinances of the City of Richmond, with the Declaration of Rights, and Constitution of Virginia Page 227, Image 274 (1859) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[Ordinances of Richmond,] Nuisances Not in Streets, § 11. If any person shall sell, or expose for sale in this city, any torpedos, popcrackers, squibs, or other fire-works, of any kind whatever, except in packages containing each at least one hund...

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1859 Ky. Acts 245, An Act to Amend an Act Entitled “An Act to Reduce to One of the Several Acts in Relation to the Town of Harrodsburg,” § 23.

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If any person, other than the parent or guardian, shall sell, give or loan, any pistol, dirk, bowie-knife, brass knucks, slung-shot, colt, cane-gun, or other deadly weapon, which is carried concealed, to any minor, or slave, or free negro, he shall be ...

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1859 Wash. Sess. Laws 109, An Act Relative to Crimes and Punishments, and Proceedings in Criminal Cases, ch. 2, § 30.

| | Every person who shall, in a rude, angry or threatening manner, in a crowd of two or more persons, exhibit any pistol, bowie knife or other dangerous weapon, shall, on conviction thereof, be imprisoned in the county jail not exceeding one year, and be fin...

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1859 Wash. Sess. Laws 108-109, An Act Relative to Crimes and Punishment and the Proceeding in Criminal Cases, ch. 2, § 28.

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Every prison [sic] who shall assault and beat another with a cowhide or whip, having with him at the time a pistol or other deadly weapon, shall, on conviction thereof, be imprisoned in the county jail not more than one year nor less than three months,...

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The Public Statutes of the State of Minnesota 798 (1859) , Chap. 120 § 1, 8.

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Be it enacted by the legislature of the state of Minnesota: That all able-bodied, white male citizens resident of this state, being eighteen years of age, and under the age of forty-five years, excepting persons exempt by law, shall be enrolled in the ...

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1859 Conn. Acts 62, An Act in Addition to and in Alteration of “An Act For Forming And Conducting The Military Force,” chap. 82, § 5.

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If any booth shed, tent, or other temporary erection, within one mile of any military parade-ground, muster-field or encampment, shall be used and occupied for the sale of spirituous or intoxicating liquor, or for the purpose of gambling, the officer c...

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1859 Wash. Sess. Laws 107-08, An Act Relative to Crimes and Punishment, and Proceedings in Criminal Cases, ch. 2, §§ 14-15, 23.

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§ 14. If either party to a duel be killed, the survivor shall be deemed guilty of murder in the second degree. § 15. If any person shall, by previous appointment made within, fight a duel without this territory, and in so doing shall inflict ...

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Alexander McKinstry, The Code of Ordinances of the City of Mobile, with the Charter, and an Appendix Page 118, Image 121 (1859) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Ordinances [of The City of Mobile], § 124. It is not lawful for any person to discharge any gun, pistol, fowling-piece, or fire-arm, nor to let off, or discharge, any rocket, fire-cracker, squib, or other fireworks, in any street, court, yard, lot...

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1859 Conn. Acts 62, An Act In Addition To And In Alteration Of “An Act For Forming And Conducting The Military Force,” chap. 82, § 7.

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It shall be the duty of the quarter-master general, annually, to inspect the armories and gun houses of the several companies, and also the rooms occupied by the regimental bands; and, on or before the first day of November, to make to the adjutant-gen...

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1860 Ky. Acts 245, AN ACT to amend an act, entitled “An act to reduce into one the several acts in relation to the town of Harrodsburg, Ch. 33, § 23.

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If any person, other than the parent or guardian, shall sell, give, or loan, any pistol, dirk, bowie-knife, brass-knucks, slung-shot, colt, cane-gun, or other deadly weapon, which is carried concealed, to any minor, or slave, or free negro, he shall be...

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John Purdon, A Digest of the Laws of Pennsylvania, From the Year One Thousand Seven Hundred to the Twenty-First Day of May, One Thousand Eight Hundred and Sixty-One, 250 (9th ed., Philadelphia 1862)

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“If any person, not being an officer on duty in the military or naval service of the state or of the United States, shall go armed with a dirk, dagger, sword or pistol, or other offensive or dangerous weapon, without reasonable cause to fear an a...

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1860-1861 N.C. Sess. Laws 68, Pub. Laws, An Act to Amend Chapter 107, Section 66, of the Revised Code, Relating to Free Negroes Having Arms, ch. 34, § 1.

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That chapter 107, section 66, of the Revised Code be amended to read as follows: If any free negro shall wear or carry about his person or keep in his house any shot gun, musket, rifle, pistol, sword, sword cane, dagger, bowie knife, powder or shot, he...

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1860 Ga. Laws 56, An Act to add an additional Section to the 13th Division of the Penal Code, making it Penal to Sell to or Furnish Slaves or Free Persons of Color, with Weapons of Offence and Defence; and for other Purposes therein mentioned, § 1.

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. . . any person other than the owner, who shall sell or furnish to any slave or free person of color, any gun, pistol, bowie knife, slung shot, sword cane, or other weapon used for the purpose of offence or defence, shall, on indictment and conviction...

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John Purdon, A Digest of the Laws of Pennsylvania, from the Year One Thousand Seven Hundred to the Twenty-First Day of May, One Thousand Eight Hundred and Sixty-One Page 250, Image 279 (1862) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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§ 6. If any person shall threaten the person of another to wound, kill or destroy him, or to do him any harm in person or estate, (b) and the person threatened shall appear before a justice of the peace, and attest, on oath or affirmation, that he...

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Henry C. Mackall, The Maryland Code. Compiled by Otho Scott, and Hiram M’Cullough, Commissioners; Adopted by the Legislature of Maryland, January Session, 1860: The Acts of that Session Being Therewith Incorporated: With an Index to Each Article and Section Page 903, Image 899 (Vol. 2, 1860) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[Ordinances of] Washington County, § 128. They may impose a fine of one dollar on any person who may discharge a gun or other firearms in the said town on any day except on days when the militia may be mustered or paraded therein, and the like fin...

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Richard H. Clark, The Code of the State of Georgia Page 859, Image 882 (1861) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Offences Against the Public Peace and Tranquility, § 4413, Sec. XV. Any person having or carrying about his person, unless in an open manner and fully exposed to view, any pistol, (except horseman’s pistols,) dirk, sword in a cane, spear, bo...

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1861-1862 Wash. Sess. Laws 22, An Act to Incorporate the City of Walla Walla, art. 5, § 3, pt. 22.

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To regulate the storage of gunpowder, pitch, tar, rosin and all other combustible materials, . . . in shops, stables and other places. To prevent, remove or secure any fire-place, stove, chimney, oven, boiler, or other apparatus which may be dangerous ...

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Records Of The Colony Of New Plymouth In New England Page 242, Image 253 (1861) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Laws of Plymouth Colony. It is enacted by the Court that no Indians that are servants to the English shall be permitted to use guns for fowling or other exercise; as being judged that it may prove prejudicial in time to the English; and therefore that ...

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1861 N.C. Sess. Laws 25, Pub. and Priv. Laws, 2d. Extra Sess., Militia Bill, ch. 17, § 10.

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Every resident enrolled and notified, as is directed in the third section of this act, shall within one month thereafter, provide himself with a good musket, smooth bore gun or rifle, shot pouch and powder horn, and shall appear so armed and accoutred ...

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Joseph Rockwell Swan. Supplement to the Revised Statutes of the State of Ohio, Embracing All Laws of a General Nature, Passed since the Publication of Swan & Critchfield’s Revised Statutes, 1860. In Force August 1, 1868. With Notes of the Decisions of the Supreme Court Page 13, Image 21 (1868) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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An Act for the Protection of Certain Birds and Game. (25.) § III. And it shall also be unlawful for any person at any time after the passage of this act, by the aid or use of any swivel, punt gun, big gun (so called), or any gun other than the com...

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1861 Nev. Stat. 61, An Act Concerning Crimes and Punishments, ch. 28, § 36.

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Any person who shall engage in a duel with any deadly weapon, although no homicide ensue, or shall challenge another to fight such duel, or shall send or deliver any verbal or written message, purporting or intending to be such challenge, although no d...

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1862 Conn. Acts 76, An Act In Addition To “An Act to Provide For the Organization And Equipment Of A Volunteer Militia, And To Provide For the Public Defense,” chap. 68, § 34.

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It shall be the duty of the brigade inspectors of the respective brigades, annually, in the month of October or November, to carefully inspect the armories and gun houses of the companies belonging to their brigades, and also the rooms occupied by regi...

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1862 Wash. Sess. Laws 48, Local and Priv. Laws, An Act to Incorporate the City of Lewiston, art. 5, § 3, pt. 22.

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To regulate the storage of gunpowder, pitch, tar, rosin, and all other combustible materials, and the use of candles, lamps, or other lights in shops, stables and other places. To prevent, remove or secure any fire-place, stove, chimney, oven, boiler, ...

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C. B. Pierce, Charter and Ordinances of the City of Leavenworth, with an Appendix Page 45, Image 45 (1863) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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An Ordinance Relating to Misdemeanors, § 23. For carrying or having on his or her person in a concealed manner, any pistol, dirk, bowie knife, revolver, slung shot, billy, brass, lead or iron knuckles, or any other deadly weapon within this city, ...

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1862-1863 N.C. Sess. Laws 60, Priv. Laws, Adj. Sess., An Act to Amend the Charter of the City of Raleigh, ch. 49, § 9.

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[T]hey may prohibit and prevent by practices the riding or driving of horses or other animals at a speed greater than six miles an hour, within the city; and also the firing of guns, pistols, crackers, gun powder or other explosive, combustible or dang...

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1862 Colo. Sess. Laws 56, An Act To Prevent The Carrying Of Concealed Deadly Weapons In The Cities And Towns Of This Territory, § 1.

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If any person or persons shall, within any city, town, or village in this Territory, whether the same is incorporated or not, carry concealed upon his or her person any pistol, bowie knife, dagger, or other deadly weapon, shall, on conviction thereof b...

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1863 Del. Laws 365, An Act to Amend Chapter 55 of the Revised Code of the State of Delaware, Entitled “For The Protection Of Fish, Oysters and Game,” chap. 328, § 10.

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It shall be unlawful for any person not being a citizen of this State, to catch, take or kill, by himself or by his agent, or as the agent for or in the employment of any other person, whether such person be or be not a citizen of this State, any fish,...

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Samuel Kimball, Charter, Other Powers, and Ordinances of the City of Lawrence Page 149, Image 157 (1866) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Nuisances, § 10. Any person who shall in this city have or carry concealed or partially concealed, upon his person, any pistol, bowie knife or other deadly weapon, shall, on conviction, be fined not less than one nor more than ten dollars; Provide...

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William H. Bridges, Digest of the Charters and Ordinances of the City of Memphis, Together with the Acts of the Legislature Relating to the City, with an Appendix Page 190, Image 191 (1863) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Offences Affecting Public Safety: Carrying Concealed Weapons, § 3. It shall not be lawful for any person or persons to carry concealed about his or their persons any pistol, Bowie-knife, dirk, or any other deadly weapon; and any person so offendin...

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Charter of the City of Schenectady, [Passed Apr. 21, 1862, with Ordinances, Etc] Page 97, Image 95 (1869) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Ordinances [of the City of Schenectady], An Ordinance Prohibiting the Obstructing of Side-Walks, and for Other Purposes, The Common Council of the City of Schenectady do ordain as follows… § 3. It shall not be lawful for any person to disch...

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1863 Del. Laws 332, An Act in Relation to Free Negroes and Mulattoes, ch. 305, § 7.

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. . . That free negroes and free mulattoes are prohibited from owning or having in their possession, a gun, pistol, sword or any other warlike instrument, and any free negro or free mulatto offending against the provisions of this Section shall be fine...

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William H. Bridges, Digest of the Charters and Ordinances of the City of Memphis, Together with the Acts of the Legislature Relating to the City, with an Appendix Page 148-149, Image 149-150 (1863) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[Ordinances of the City of Memphis, Shooting Galleries, § 1. That no person or persons shall set up or use any pistol gallery, or place for the discharging of pistols, guns or other firearms in the first story of any building in the city; nor shal...

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1863 Id. Sess. Laws 442, An Act Concerning Crimes and Punishments, § 39.

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If any person, with or without deadly weapons, upon previous concert and agreement, fight one with another . . . should death ensue to any person in sucgh fight, or should any person die from any injury received in such fight, within one year and one d...

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1864 Id. Sess. Laws 304, An Act Concerning Crimes and Punishments, § 40.

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That any person in this territory, having, carrying, or procuring from another person, any dirk, dirk-knife, sword, sword-cane, pistol, gun or other deadly weapon, who shall in the presence of two or more persons, draw or exhibit any of said deadly wea...

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1864 Conn. Acts 95, An Act In Addition To And In Alteration Of “An Act Relating To The Militia,” chap. 73, § 8.

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It shall be the duty of the quartermaster general to provide a suitable armory for each company of active militia, upon a certificate from the adjutant general, that such company has organized according to law, and has made requisition for an armory, t...

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1864 Mont. Laws 355, An Act to Prevent the Carrying of Concealed Deadly Weapons in the Cities and Towns of This Territory, § 1.

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If any person shall within any city, town, or village in this territory, whether the same is incorporated or not, carry concealed upon his or her person any pistol, bowie-knife, dagger, or other deadly weapon, shall, on conviction thereof before any ju...

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Charter of the City of Covington, and Amendments Thereto up to the Year 1864, and Ordinances of Said City, and Amendments Thereto, up to the Same Date Page 148-149, Image 148-149 (1864) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Ordinances of the City of Covington, An Ordinance Regulating the Sale of Powder in the City of Covington, § 1. Be it ordained by the City Council of Covington, That it shall not be lawful for any person or persons to erect, within the limits of th...

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Matthew Paul Deady, The Organic and Other General Laws of Oregon Together with the National Constitution and Other Public Acts and Statutes of the United States. 1845-1864 Page 531, Image 531 (1866) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Crimes - Against the Person, § 527. If any person shall assault, or assault and beat another with a cowhide, whip, stick or like thing, having at the time in his possession a pistol, dirk or other deadly weapon, with intent to intimidate and preve...

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John Purdon, Esq A Digest of the Laws of Pennsylvania, from the Year One Thousand Seven Hundred to the Tenth Day of July, One Thousand Eight Hundred and Seventy-Two. Tenth Edition Vol. 2 Page 1051, Image 186 (Philadelphia, 1873) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Militia. § 102. A soldier who unnecessarily, or without order from a superior officer, comes to any parade with his musket, rifle or pistol loaded with ball, slug or shot, or so loads the same while on parade, or unnecessarily or without order fro...

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1864-1865 N.M. Laws 406-08, An Act Prohibiting the Carrying of Weapons Concealed or Otherwise, ch. 61, § 25.

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That from and after the passage of this act, it shall be unlawful for any person to carry concealed weapons on their persons, or any class of pistols whatever, bowie knife (cuchillo de cinto), Arkansas toothpick, Spanish dagger, slungshot, or any other...

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John Purdon, A Digest of the Laws of Pennsylvania, from the Year One Thousand Seven Hundred to the Tenth Day of July, One Thousand Eight Hundred and Seventy-Two Page 323, Image 444 (Vol. 1, 1873) The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[Ordinances of the County of Schuylkil, Carrying Concealed Weapons, (Digest of the Laws of Pennsylvania – Passed 1864), . . .§ 40.] Any person, within the limits of the county of Schuylkill, (b) who shall carry any fire-arms, slung-shot, dir...

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1864-1865 N.M. Laws 404-06, An Act Prohibiting Gaming and for Other Purposes, Deadly Weapons, ch. 61, § 20.

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That each and every person is prohibited from carrying short arms, such as pistols, daggers, knives, and other deadly weapons, about their persons concealed, within the settlements, and any person who violates the provisions of this act, shall be fined...

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1865 Vt. Acts & Resolves 213, An Act to Amend an Act Entitled “An Act to Incorporate the Village of Rutland,” Approved November 15, 1847, § 10.

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. . . and said fire wardens may inspect the manner of manufacturing and keeping gun-powder, lime, ashes, matches, lights, fire-works of all kinds, and other combustibles, . . . and a majority of said fire-wardens may, if they deem the same to be danger...

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Charter of the Village of Lansingburgh, and the By-Laws and Ordinances; Revised July 1865 Page 50, Image 51 (1865) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Ordinances of the Village of Lansinburgh, §5 It shall not be lawful for any person or persons to set fire to, or burn, or cause to be burned, any shavings, leaves, straw, chips, rubbish, barrels, boxes or other combustible materials in any street,...

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1865 Del. Laws 930, An Act to Prevent the Loading of Gunpowder Within Certain Distances of Railroads, chap. 554, § 1.

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That it shall be unlawful for any person or persons to load gunpowder of any kind into cars on any railroad in this State, within one hundred yards of the bed of the regular track used in carrying passengers, and upon conviction of any person engaged i...

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Third Edition of the Code of Virginia: Including Legislation to January 1, 1874 Page 802-803, Image 821-822 (1873) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Unlawful Hunting: Hunting on another’s land, or in the streets of a city or town, or along a public road, prohibited; penalty; how recoverable, § 5. If any person shall hunt, shoot, fowl or range with or without dogs, on the lands of another...

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1865 Ky. Acts 715, § 2.

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If any person shall shoot off a gun or pistol within the corporate limits of said town, it shall be the duty of the trustees and officers of said town to report the fact to the police judge, who shall forthwith have the person so offending arrested and...

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1865 Fla. Laws 27, An Act Prescribing Additional Penalities For the Commission of Offenses Against the State, and for Other Purposes, Chap. 1466, § 19.

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. . . [I]t shall not be lawful for any person to hunt or range with a gun within the enclosed land or premises of another without the permission of the owner, tenant, or person having control thereof; and any person so offending shall be deemed to be g...

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George Washington Paschal, A Digest of the Laws of Texas: Containing Laws in Force, and the Repealed Laws on Which Rights Rest. Carefully Annotated Page 1321, Image 291 (Vol. 2, 1873) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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An Act to Amend Article 382, Title XI, Chapter 3 of the Penal Code. Art. 6509. [1] Article 382, title XI, chapter III, of the penal code, shall hereafter read as follows: if any one or more persons shall, in any public place, by loud and vociferous tal...

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George Washington Stone, The Penal Code of Alabama, Montgomery, 1866 Page 63, Image 63 (1866) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Miscellaneous Offenses § 204. Selling or giving fire-arms to minor. – Any person who sells, gives, or lends to any boy under eighteen years of age, any pistol, or bowie-knife, or other knife of like kind or description, must, on conviction, ...

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1866 Tex. Gen. Laws 210, An Act To Prohibit The Discharging Of Fire Arms In Certain Places Herein Named, chap. 170, § 1

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It shall not be lawful for any person to discharge any gun, pistol, or fire arms of any description whatever, on, or across any public square, street, or alley, in any city or town in this state; Provided this act shall not be so construed as to apply ...

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1866 Ga. Laws 27-28, An Act to Authorize the Justices of the Inferior Courts of Camden, Glynn and Effingham Counties to Levy a Special Tax for County Purposes, and to regulate the same, §§ 3-4.

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§ 1. . . . collect a tax of two dollars per head on each and every dog over the number of three, and one dollar a piece on every gun or pistol, musket or rifle over the number of three kept or owned on any plantation in the counties aforesaid; the...

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1866 Mass. Acts 197, An Act Concerning The Militia, § 120

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A soldier who unnecessarily or without order from a superior officer comes to any parade with his musket, rifle or pistol loaded with ball, slug or shot, or so loads the same while on parade, or unnecessarily or without order form a superior officer di...

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R. H. Clark, The Code of the State of Georgia Page 816, Image 834 (1873) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Offenses Against the Public Peace and Tranquility, § 4516. (4443.) Dueling. If any person shall deliberately challenge, by word or writing, the person of another, to fight with sword, pistol, or other deadly weapon, or if any person so challenged ...

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1866 An Act To Prevent Shooting On The Sabbath In This Commonwealth, ch. 656, § 1.

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That No person shall, within this Commonwealth, on the Sabbath day, enter or go upon the land of another person to catch, shoot, or kill any birds, fowl, or animal of any kind; and any such person having in his possession a gun at the time, or after he...

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George Washington Paschal, A Digest of the Laws of Texas: Containing Laws in Force, and the Repealed Laws on Which Rights Rest. Carefully Annotated 3rd ed. Page 1321, Image 291 (Vol. 2, 1873) available at.The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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An Act to Prohibit the Discharging of Firearms in Certain Places Therein Named, Art. 6508a. It shall not be lawful for any person to discharge any gun, pistol, or firearms of any description whatever, on, or across any public square, street, or alley, ...

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William H. Bridges, Digest of the Charters and Ordinances of the City of Memphis, from 1826 to 1867, Inclusive, Together with the Acts of the Legislature Relating to the City, with an Appendix Page 44, Image 44 (1867) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Police Regulations Of The State, Offences Against Public Peace, § 4746. Any person who carries under his clothes or concealed about his person, a bowie-knife, Arkansas tooth-pick or other knife or weapon of like form and shape or size, is guilty o...

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Staunton, The Charter and General Ordinances of the Town of Lexington, Virginia Page 87, Image 107 (1892) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Ordinances of The Town of Lexington, VA, Of Concealed Weapons and Cigarettes, § 1. If any person carrying about his person, hid from common observation, any pistol, dirk, bowie-knife, razor, slung-shot, or any weapon of the like kind, he shall be ...

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The Revised Code of Alabama Page 169, Image 185 (1867) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Taxation, § 10. On All pistols or revolvers in the possession of private persons not regular dealers holding them for sale, a tax of two dollars each; and on all bowie knives, or knives of the like description, held by persons not regular dealers,...

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1867 Miss. Laws 327-28, An Act To Tax Guns And Pistols in The County Of Washington, ch. 249, § 1.

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[A] tax of not less than five dollars or more than fifteen dollars shall be levied and assessed annually by the board of Police of Washington county upon every gun and pistol which may be in the possession of any person in said county, which tax shall ...

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William H. Bridges, Digest of the Charters and Ordinances of the City of Memphis, from 1826 to 1867, Inclusive, Together with the Acts of the Legislature Relating to the City, with an Appendix Page 50, Image 50 (1867) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Police Regulations of the State. Selling Liquors or Weapons to Minors. § 4864. Any person who sells, loans or gives to any minor a pistol, bowie-knife, dirk, Arkansas toothpick, hunter’s knife, or like dangerous weapon, except a gun for hunt...

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William H. Bridges, Digest of the Charters and Ordinances of the City of Memphis, from 1826 to 1867, Inclusive, Together with the Acts of the Legislature Relating to the City, with an Appendix Page 52, Image 52 (1867) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Ordinances of the City of Memphis, Nuisance and Abatement Thereof, It is a public nuisance. -- § 5 To carry on the business of manufacturing gun-powder or of mixing or grinding the materials therefor, in any building within eighty rods of any valu...

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1867 Mich. Pub. Acts 2d Reg. Sess. 68, An Act To Revise The Charter Of The Village Of Hudson, § 31, pt. 12.

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To regulate the buying, selling, and using of gunpowder, fire-crackers and fire-works, and other combustible materials, to regulate and prohibit the exhibition of fire-works, and the discharge of fire-crackers and fire-arms, and to restrain the making ...

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William H. Bridges, Digest of the Charters and Ordinances of the City of Memphis, from 1826 to 1867, Inclusive, Together with the Acts of the Legislature Relating to the City, with an Appendix Page 44, Image 44 (1867) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Police Regulations Of the State. Offences Against Public Peace. Concealed Weapons. § 4746. Any person who carries under his clothes or concealed about his person, a bowie-knife, Arkansas tooth-pick or other knife or weapon of like form and shape o...

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1867 Colo. Sess. Laws 229, Criminal Code, § 149.

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If any person or persons shall, within any city, town or village in this territory, whether the same is incorporated or not, carry concealed upon his or her person, any pistol, bowie-knife, dagger or other deadly weapon, such person shall, on convictio...

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1867 Ariz. Sess. Laws 21–22, An Act To Prevent The Improper Use Of Deadly Weapons And The Indiscriminate Use Of Fire Arms In The Towns And Villages Of The Territory, § 1.

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That any person in this Territory, having, carrying or procuring from another person, any dirk, dirk knife, bowie knife, pistol, gun, or other deadly weapon, who shall in the presence of two or more persons, draw or exhibit any of said deadly weapons i...

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1867 Ariz. Sess. Laws 22, An Act To Prevent The Improper Use Of Deadly Weapons And The Indiscriminate Use Of Firearms In The Towns And Villages Of The Territory, § 2

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That any person or persons having or carrying any pistol or gun who shall in the public streets or highways discharge the same indiscriminately, thereby disturbing the peace and quiet, and endangering the lives of the inhabitants of any town or neighbo...

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Charter of the City of Portland, Street and Fire Department Laws, Ordinances, Regulations &C. Page 205-206, Image 206-207 (1872) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[Concerning Offences and Disorderly Conduct, § 2. That any person or persons who shall fire any pistol, gun or rifle, or any other species of fire-arms within the following limits: the Willamette river on the east and (10) Tenth Street on the west...

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James F McClellan, A Digest of the Laws of the State of Florida: From the Year One Thousand Eight Hundred and Twenty-Two, to the Eleventh Day of March, One Thousand Eight Hundred and Eighty-One, Inclusive, Page 403, Image 419 (1881) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Offences Against Public Peace, § 13. Whoever shall carry arms of any kind whatever, secretly, on or about their person, or whoever shall have about or on their person any dirk, pistol or other arm or weapon, except a common pocket knife, upon conv...

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1868 Id. Sess. Laws 95, An Act Amendatory of an Act Entitled “An Act Concerning Crimes and Punishments,” ch. 10, § 1.

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. . . If any person shall willfully or maliciously disturb the peace or quiet of any neighborhood or family by loud or unusual noises, or by tumultuous or offensive conduct, threatening, traducing, quarreling, challenging to fight or fighting, or by th...

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1868 Fla. Laws 2538, Persons Engaged in Criminal Offence, Having Weapons, chap. 7, § 10.

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Whoever, when lawfully arrested while committing a criminal offense or a breach or disturbance of the public peace, is armed with or has on his person slung shot, metallic knuckles, billies, firearms or other dangerous weapon, shall be punished by impr...

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1868 Ark. Acts 218, Acts of the General Assembly of Arkansas, §§ 12-13.

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§ 12. That when any person or persons shall resent the execution of any civil or criminal process, by threatening, or by actually drawing a pistol, gun, or other deadly weapon, upon the sheriff or other officer authorized to execute such process, ...

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1868-1869 N.C. Sess. Laws 59-60, Pub. Laws, An Act to Prohibit Hunting on the Sabbath, ch. 18, § 1.

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[I]f any person or persons whomsoever shall be known to hunt in this state on the Sabbath with a dog or dogs, or shall be found off of their premises on the Sabbath, having with him or them a shot-gun, rifle or pistol, he or they shall be subject to in...

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1868-1869 N.C. Sess. Laws 59-60, Pub. Laws, An Act to Prohibit Hunting on the Sabbath, ch. 18, § 1.

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. . . or shall be found off their premises on the Sabbath, having with him or them a shot-gun, rifle or pistol, he or they shall be subject to indictment; and upon conviction, shall pay a fine not to exceed fifty dollars at the discretion of the Court,...

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1868 Fla. Laws 95, Of Offesnses Against the Public Peace, ch. 7, § 11.

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Whoever manufactures, or causes to be manufactured, or sells, or exposes for sale, any instrument or weapon of the kind usually known as slung shot, or metallic knuckles, shall be punished by fine not less than fifty dollars, or by imprisonment in the ...

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1868 Or. Laws 18-19, An Act to Protect the Owners of Firearms, §§ 1-2.

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Whereas, the constitution of the United States, in article second of amendments to the constitution, declares that “the right to the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed;” and the constitution for the state of Oregon, in arti...

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Dorset Carter, Annotated Statutes of the Indian Territory: Embracing All Laws of a General and Permanent Character in Force at the Close of the Second Session of the Fifty-fifth Congress Page 228, Image 312 (1899) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Criminal Law. § 1149. Every person who shall draw a pistol, gun or any other deadly weapon upon any other person, for the purpose of frightening or intimidating him from doing or attempting to do any lawful act, when such person drawing said pisto...

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1869 Wash. Sess. Laws 202, An Act Relative to Crimes and Punishments and Proceedings in Criminal Cases, ch. 2, §§ 22-23.

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§ 22. Every person who shall engage in a duel with any deadly weapon, although no homicide ensue, or shall challenge another to fight a duel, or shall send or deliver any written or verbal message, purporting or intending to be such challenge, alt...

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Revised Ordinances of the City of Galesburg, the Charter and Amendments, State Laws Relating to the Government of Cities and Appendix Page 122-123, Image 127-128 (1869) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Revised Ordinances [of Galesburg, Ill.], Gunpowder-Fires, Fire-Arms, § 1. The keeping for sale or selling gunpowder, without a license therefor, is prohibited, and no license shall be issued allowing the keeping in store more than twenty-five poun...

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LeBaron Bradford Prince, The General Laws of New Mexico: Including All the Unrepealed General Laws from the Promulgation of the “Kearney Code” in 1846, to the End of the Legislative Session of 1880, with Supplement, Including the Session of 1882 Page 312-313, Image 312-313 (1882) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Deadly Weapons, Act of 1869, Ch. 32, § 1. It shall be unlawful for any person to carry deadly weapons, either concealed or otherwise, on or about their persons within any of the settlements of this Territory, except it be in the lawful defense of ...

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Byron K. Elliott, The Charter and General Ordinances of the City of Indianapolis, Indiana, in Force August 1St, 1869; to Which is Prefixed a Catalogue of the City Officers, from 1839 to 1869, Inclusive Page 291, Image 292 (1869) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[Ordinances of Indianapolis,] Public Health and Comfort, § 9. Whoever shall fire a gun or pistol in said city, shall be fined therefor in any sum not exceeding fifty dollars: Provided, That such penalty for shooting shall not apply to military com...

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James H. Shankland Public Statutes of the State of Tennessee, since the Year 1858. Being in the Nature of a Supplement to the Code Page 108, Image 203 (Nashville, 1871) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Elections. § 2. That it shall not be lawful for any qualified voter or other person attending any election in this State, or for any person attending any fair, race course, or other public assembly of the people, to carry about his person, conceal...

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1868-1869 N.C. Sess. Laws 59-60 Pub. Laws, An Act To Prohibit Hunting On The Sabbath, Chap 18, § 1.

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The General Assembly of North Carolina do enact, That if any person or persons whomsoever shall be known to hunt in this State on the Sabbath with a dog or dogs, or shall be found off of their premises on the Sabbath, having with him or them a shot-gun...

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1868-1869 N.C. Sess. Laws 407-08, Pub. Laws, An Act in Relation to Punishment, ch. 167, § 7.

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Every person who commits any assault upon the person of another, with any deadly or dangerous weapon, or who unlawfully shoots or attempts to shoot at another with any kind of fire-arms, with intent to injure any person, without intent to kill such per...

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The Charter and Ordinances of the City of Richmond Page 196-197, Image 196-197 (1869) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[Ordinances of Richmond, Police, § 42. If any person engaged in military exercise shall fire or discharge, in any street or public alley of this city, any cannon, gun, pistol, or any other firearms, except on the fourth of July, the twenty-second ...

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Lewis Mayer, The Baltimore City Code: Comprising the Statutes and Ordinances Relating to the City of Baltimore Page 877, Image 887 (1869) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[Ordinances of Baltimore,] Regulations, § 141. If any person shall fire or discharge any gun, pistol or firearms within the city, unless it be on some occasion of military parade, and then by order of some officer having the command, every such pe...

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The Charter and General Ordinances of the Town of Lexington, Virginia Page 87, Image 107 (1892) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Ordinances of the town of Lexington. Of Concealed Weapons and Cigarettes. § 2. If any person sell, barter, give or furnish, or cause to be sold, bartered, given or furnished to any minor under sixteen years of age, cigarettes, or pistols, or dirks...

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The Municipal Register Containing the City Charter and Ordinances, Together with the Rules and Orders of the City Council and a List of the past and Present City Officers of the City of Newburyport Page 130, Image 132 (1869) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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City Ordinances [of Newburyport], § 15. No person shall fire any rocket, squib, cracker, or other thing formed of gunpowder or other explosive substance, in whole or in part; nor make any bonfire of tar barrels or any other substances, nor, except...

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1869 Wash. Sess. Laws 203, An Act Relative to Crimes and Punishments And Proceedings In Criminal Cases, ch. 2, § 31.

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Every person who shall assault and beat another with a cowhide or whip, having with him at the time a pistol or other deadly weapon, shall, on conviction thereof, be imprisoned in the county jail not more than one year nor less than three months, and b...

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1869 Wash. Sess. Laws 203-04, An Act Relative to Crimes and Punishments, and Proceedings in Criminal Cases, ch. 2, § 32.

| | Every person who shall, in a rude, angry or threatening manner, in a crowd of two or more persons, exhibit any pistol, bowie knife, or other dangerous weapon, shall on conviction thereof, be imprisoned in the county jail not exceeding one year and be fine...

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Orville Park, Park’s Annotated Code of the State of Georgia 1914, Penal Code, Article 3, Carrying of deadly weapons at courts, etc., § 348 (§ 342).

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§ 348. (§ 342.) Carrying of deadly weapons at courts, etc. Whoever shall carry about his person any dirk, bowie-knife, pistol or revolver, or any kind of deadly weapon, to or while at a court of justice or an election ground or precinct, or a...

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R. H. Clark, The Code of the State of Georgia Page 817-818, Image 835-836 (1873) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Offenses Against the Public Peace and Tranquility, Carrying Concealed Weapons § 4527. Any person having or carrying about his person, unless in an open manner and fully exposed to view, any pistol (except horseman’s pistols,) dirk, sword in ...

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1870 Id. Sess. Laws 21, An Act to Amend an Act Concerning Crimes and Punishment . . ., § 40.

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That any person in this Territory having, carrying, or procuring from another person any dirk, dirk knife, sword, sword cane, pistol, gun, or other deadly weapon, who shall in the presence of two or more persons, draw or exhibit any of said deadly weap...

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Lawrence McCully, Compiled Laws of the Hawaiian Kingdom Page 539, Image 545 (1884) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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An Act to License the Carrying of Fowling Pieces and Other Fire-Arms. Whereas, the Act for the protection of Kolea or Plover and other useful birds, approved on the 20th day of April, A.D. 1859, has proved ineffectual for the purposes intended thereby,...

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The Charter, with Its Amendments and the General Ordinances of the City of Dover Page 32, Image 32 (1870) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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General Statutes [Ordinances of the City of Dover, Offences Against the Police of Towns,] § 5. No person shall, within the compact part of any town, fire or discharge any cannon, gun, pistol, or other fire-arms, or beat any drum, except by command...

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1870 Va. Acts 510, An Act to Amend and Re-enact Section 7, Chapter 195 of the Code of 1860, with Regard to Carrying Concealed Weapons, ch. 349, § 7 [as codified in Virginia Code, tit. 54 (1873)]

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If a person habitually carry about his person, hid from common observation, any pistol, dirk, bowie knife, or any weapon of the like kind, he shall be fined fifty dollars, and imprisoned for not more than twelve months in the county or corporation jail...

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1869-1870 Tenn. Pub. Acts, 2d. Sess., An Act to Preserve the Peace and Prevent Homicide, ch. 13, § 1.

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That it shall not be lawful for any person to publicly or privately carry a dirk, swordcane, Spanish stiletto, belt or pocket pistol or revolver. Any person guilty of a violation of this section shall be subject to presentment or indictment, and on con...

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1870 W. Va. Code 703, For Preventing the Commission of Crimes, ch. 153, § 8.

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If any person go armed with a deadly or dangerous weapon, without reasonable cause to fear violence to his person, family, or property, he may be required to give a recognizance, with the right of appeal, as before provided, and like proceedings shall ...

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1870 Tex. Gen. Laws 63, An Act Regulating The Right To Keep And Bear Arms, Chap. 46, § 1

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That if any person shall go into any church or religious assembly, any school room or other place where persons are assembled for educational, literary or scientific purposes, or into a ballroom, social party or other social gathering composed of ladie...

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Municipal Register of the City of Lawrence. 1870 Page 185, Image 185 (1870) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[Ordinances of Lawrence,] Concerning Fires, § 4. The city council may order that no gunpowder shall be kept within the city, except in tight casks or canisters; that not more than fifty pounds thereof shall be kept in any building within twenty-fi...

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1870 S.C. Laws 403, no. 288, § 4.

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They may cause to be arrested all affrayers, rioters, disturbers and breakers of the peace, and all who go armed offensively, to the the terror of the people, and such as utter menaces or threatening speeches, or otherwise dangerous and disorderly pers...

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George Washington Paschal, Reporter A Digest of the Laws of Texas: Containing Laws in Force, and the Repealed Laws on Which Rights Rest. Carefully Annotated. 3rd ed. Vol. 2 Page 1322, Image 292 (Washington D.C., 1873) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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An Act Regulating the Right to Keep and Bear Arms. Art. 6511. If any person shall go into any church or religious assembly, any school-room or other place where persons are assembled for educational, literary, or scientific purposes, or into a ball roo...

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1870 La. Acts 127, Persons, Trades, Professions and Occupations Subject to Taxation, § 3, pt. 6.

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From each proprietor or keeper of every billiard saloon, bowling alley or pistol gallery, in which there is but one table, alley or target, twenty-five dollars; where there are two tables, alleys or targets, forty dollars; where there are more than two...

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1870 Haw. Sess. Laws 26, An Act to License the Carrying of Fowling Pieces and Other Fire-arms, chap. 20, §§ 1 to 3.

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§ 1. That the Minister of the Interior may at any time license for a term of one year, any applicant for such license to use and carry fire-arms for sporting purposes, in the District of Kona, Island of Oahu, on receiving for such license the sum ...

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1870 La. Acts 159–60, An Act to Regulate the Conduct and to Maintain the Freedom of Party Election . . . , § 73.

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. . . [I]t shall be unlawful for any person to carry any gun, pistol, bowie knife or other dangerous weapon, concealed or unconcealed, on any day of election during the hours the polls are open, or on any day of registration or revision of registration...

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George Eugene Dodge, A Digest of the Laws and Ordinances of the City of Little Rock, with the Constitution of State of Arkansas, General Incorporation Laws, and All Acts of the General Assembly Relating to the City Page 231, Image 231 (1871) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources

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[Offenses Affecting the Public Safety, § 288. No person shall fire or discharge any cannon, gun, fowling piece, pistol, or fire-arms, of any description, or fire, explode, or set off any squibs, cracker, or other thing containing powder or other c...

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1871 Ky. Acts 89, An Act to Prohibit the Carrying of Concealed Deadly Weapons, ch. 1888, §§ 1-2, 5.

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§ 1. That if any person shall hereafter carry concealed any deadly weapon upon their persons other than an ordinary pocket-knife, except as provided for in next section, he shall be fined, on the first conviction, not less than twenty-five dollars...

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1871 Del. Law 138, § 17.

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. . . it shall be the duty of the said commissioners, bailiff or justice of the peace, to suppress, extinguish and prevent all bonfires in the town, or in any of the streets, lanes or alleys of the said town, and to suppress or prevent the firing of gu...

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James H. Shankland, Public Statutes of the State of Tennessee, since the Year 1858. Being in the Nature of a Supplement to the Code Page 94, Image 189 (1871) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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An Act of 1869-70, § 2. That it shall be a misdemeanor for any person, whether publicly or privately, to carry a dirk, sword-cane, Spanish stiletto, belt or pocket pistol, except a knife conspicuously on the strap of a shot pouch, or on a journey ...

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Mercer Beasley Revision of the Statutes of New Jersey: Published under the Authority of the Legislature; by Virtue of an Act Approved April 4 1871.Page 236-237, Image 282-283 (Trenton, 1877) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources. .

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Crimes Against Public Morals and the Institution of Marriage, § 54. The opening or keeping of any room or place for playing billiards, or A.. B. C. or E. O. Table or tables or at tennis, bowls, or shuffle-board, or at faro banks, or other bank or ...

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The Charter, General Ordinances, &c., of the City of Evansville Page 230, Image 230 (1871) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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General Ordinances [of the City of Evansville], § 23. It shall not be lawful for any person to keep within the limits of the city any gun or blasting powder, in any quantity greater than twenty-five pounds at one time; and it shall not be lawful t...

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Ordinances of Jersey City, Passed By The Board Of Aldermen since May 1, 1871, under the Act Entitled “An Act to Re-organize the Local Government of Jersey City,” Passed March 31, 1871, and the Supplements Thereto Page 41, Image 41 (1874) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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An Ordinance To Prevent the Carrying of Loaded or Concealed Weapons within the Limits of Jersey City. The Mayor and Aldermen of Jersey City do ordain as follows: § 1. That it shall not be lawful for any person or persons (excepting policemen and p...

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George Washington Paschal, A Digest of the Laws of Texas: Containing Laws in Force, and the Repealed Laws on Which Rights Rest [Carefully Annotated] Page 1322-1324, Image 292-294 (Vol. 2, 1873) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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An Act to Regulate the Keeping and Bearing of Deadly Weapons, Art. 6512. Any person carrying on or about his person, saddle, or in his saddle-bags, any pistol, dirk, dagger, slung-shot, sword-cane, spear, brass-knuckles, bowie-knife, or any other kind ...

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Ordinances of Jersey City, Passed By The Board Of Aldermen since May 1, 1871, under the Act Entitled “An Act to Re-organize the Local Government of Jersey City,” Passed March 31, 1871, and the Supplements Thereto Page 46, Image 46 (1874) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[Ordinances of Jersey City, NJ, In Relation to the Sidewalks, Public Grounds and Streets in Jersey City,] § 26. No person shall, within this city, fire or discharge any gun, pistol, cannon, or fowling piece or other fire-arms, unless in defense of...

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1871 Tenn. Pub. Acts 81, An Act to Preserve the Peace and to Prevent Homicide, ch. 90, § 1.

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That it shall not be lawful for any person to publicly or privately carry a dirk, sword cane, Spanish stiletto, belt or pocket pistol or revolver,other than an army pistol, or such as are commonly carried and used in the United States army, and in no c...

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Everett Wilson Pattison, The Revised Ordinance of the City of St. Louis, Together with the Constitution of the United States, and of the State of Missouri; the Charter of the City; and a Digest of the Acts of the General Assembly, Relating to the City Page 491-492, Image 499-500 (1871) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Ordinances of the City of St. Louis, Misdemeanors, § 9. Hereafter it shall not be lawful for any person to wear under his clothes, or concealed about his person, any pistol, or revolver, colt, billy, slung shot, cross knuckles, or knuckles of lead...

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1871 Tex. Laws 25, An Act to Regulate the Keeping and Bearing of Deadly Weapons.

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§ 1. Be it enacted by the Legislature of the State of Texas, That any person carrying on or about his person, saddle, or in his saddle bags, any pistol, dirk, dagger, slung-shot, sword-cane, spear, brass-knuckles, bowie-knife, or any other kind of...

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Henry Dutton, A Revision of Swift’s Digest of the Laws of Connecticut. Also, Practice, Forms and Precedents, in Connecticut Page 564, Image 565 (Vol 1, 1871) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Of Trespass on the Case. A person, before he trusts a gun with an incautious person, is bound to render it perfectly innoxious. Where the defendant negligently and imprudently entrusted a loaded gun to a young mulatto girl, who discharged it against th...

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1871 Tex. Gen. Laws 14, An Act To Incorporate The Town Of Millican, County of Brazos, Art. 10

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That from and after the passage of this act it shall be unlawful to fire any pistol, rifle, shot gun, or other kind of firearms, within the limits of the town of Millican, and any person violating this act shall be fined not less than five nor more the...

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George Eugene Dodge, A Digest of the Laws and Ordinances of the City of Little Rock, with the Constitution of State of Arkansas, General Incorporation Laws, and All Acts of the General Assembly Relating to the City Page 230-231, Image 230-231 (1871) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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City Ordinances, § 287. Whenever there shall be found upon the person of any one, who has been found guilty of a breach of the peace, or for conduct calculated to provoke a breach of the peace, any pistol, revolver, bowie-knife, dirk, rifle, shot ...

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1871-1872 N.C. Sess. Laws 113, Priv. Laws, An Act to Incorporate the Hollywood Cemetery, ch. 72, § 4.

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That any person who shall willfully . . . shoot or discharge any gun or other firearms within the limits thereof shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction before any justice of the peace of the county of Pasquotank, shall be fined at...

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Wade Keyes, The Code of Alabama, 1876 : with References to the Decisions of the Supreme Court of the State upon the Construction of the Statutes; and in Which the General and Permenent Acts of the Session of 1876-7 have been Incorporated Page 929-30, Image 945-46 (1877) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Offenses Against Property. §4406 (3479). Hunting wild hogs. – Any person who, without first giving notice to at least three freeholders in the neighborhood, hunts, catches, or kills wild hogs, unmarked, with dog and gun, or with either, must...

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Amos Randall Johnston, The Revised Code of the Statute Laws of the State of Mississippi : As Adopted at January Session, A.D. 1871 Page 559-560, Image 559-560 (1871) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Dueling and Challenging to Fight, § 2531. Every person, who shall challenge another to fight a duel, or who shall send, deliver, or cause to be delivered, any written or verbal messages, purporting or intended to be such challenge, or who shall ac...

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1872 Or. Laws 26, An Act for the Protection of Game and Fish, § 6.

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It shall be unlawful for any person or persons, at any time, to place, or use, in any of the streams or rivers of this State, any drugs, charms, or powder, or to use any giant blasting or gun powder, or other explosive material, for the purpose of catc...

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1872 Conn. Acts 108, An Act in Addition to an Act for the Preservation of Game, chap. 115, § 2.

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No person shall at any time kill any wild duck, goose or brant with any instrument known as a punt gun or swivel, or with any other than such guns as are habitually raised at arms' length and fired from the shoulder, or shall use any instrument or gun ...

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1872 N.J. Laws 17, An Act for the Protection of Bridges over the Delaware, ch. 85, § 3.

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It shall not be lawful for any person or persons passing, riding or driving over any toll bridge, as aforesaid, to carry any lighted cigar or pipe, or to carry fire in any form, or to light any match, or cigar, or pipe, or to fire off any gun, or other...

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Charter of the City of Portland, Street and Fire Department Laws, Ordinances, Regulations &C. Page 225-227, Image 226-228 (1872) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Ordinances of the City of Portland, To Regulate the Storage and Sale of Gunpowder, and Other Explosive Materials, § 1. No person shall keep for sale any gunpowder in any building, store or place in the City of Portland, without having first obtain...

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M.S. Bonnifield, The Compiled Laws of the State of Nevada. Embracing Statutes of 1861 to 1873, Inclusive Page 583, Image 725 (Vol. 1, 1873) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Compiled Laws of Nevada, [Of Crimes and Punishment,] § 133. If any persons shall be found having upon him or her any picklock, crow-key, bit, or other instrument or tool, with intent feloniously to break and enter into any dwelling house, store, s...

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James S. Dewey, The Compiled Laws of the State of Michigan. Compiled and Arranged under an Act of the Legislature, Approved January 25, 1871 Page 680, Image 690 (Vol. 1, 1872) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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For the Protection of Game and Muskrats. (2096.) § 4. No person or persons shall at any time kill or attempt to kill any wild duck, or other wild fowl, with or by means of a swivel or punt gun, or rob or destroy the nests of any wild ducks or wild...

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1872 Md. Laws 57, An Act To Add An Additional Section To Article Two Of The Code Of Public Local Laws, Entitled “Anne Arundel County,” Sub-title “Annapolis,” To Prevent The Carrying Of concealed Weapons In Said City, § 246

| | It shall not be lawful for any person to carry concealed, in Annapolis, whether a resident thereof or not, any pistol, dirk-knife, bowie-knife, sling-shot, billy, razor, brass, iron or other metal knuckles, or any other deadly weapon, under a penalty of a...

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1872 Md. Laws 520, An Act To Incorporate A Company To Construct A Bridge Across The Severn River, At Annapolis, In Anne Arundel County, § 17

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That for the safety of passengers and vehicles passing on said bridge, there shall be a penalty of not less than ten nor more than fifty dollars for any person or persons to shoot any gun, pistol, or fire-works of any kind, whatever on the said bridge ...

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Charter and Revised Ordinances of the City of Galveston, and All Ordinances in Force to April 2d, 1872 Page 94, Image 107 (1873) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[Ordinances of the City of Galveston, Taxes – License Tax and Ad-Valorem Tax,] Art. 418, § 26. Every keeper of a billiard or other like table, for public use, a tax of twenty dollars for each and every table so kept; and every keeper of a te...

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Gilbert B. Colfield, Laws, Ordinances and Rules of Nebraska City, Otoe County, Nebraska Page 36, Image 36 (1872) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Ordinance No. 7, An Ordinance Prohibiting the Carrying of Fire Arms and Concealed Weapons, § 1. Be it ordained by the Mayor and Councilmen of the City of Nebraska City, That it shall be, and it is hereby declared to be unlawful for any person to c...

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1873 Nev. Stat. 118, An Act to Amend an Act Entitled “An Act Concerning Crimes and Punishments,” Approved November Twenty-Sixth, Eighteen Hundred and Sixty-One, ch. 62, § 1.

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. . . Any person in this State, having, carrying, or procuring from another person, any dirk, dirk knife, sword, sword cane, pistol, gun, or other deadly weapon, who shall in the presence of two or more persons, draw or exhibit any of said deadly weapo...

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1873 La. Acts 117, An Act Conferring Certain Additional Powers and Privileges on the Metairie Cemetery Association, and to Punish Trespassers, § 1.

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And any person who shall willfully destroy, mutilate, deface, injure or remove any tomb, monument, gravestone, or other structure placed therein, or shall willfully destroy, cut, break or remove any tree, shrub or plant within the limits of said cemete...

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Wm. McPherson, Charter and Revised Ordinances of the City of Los Angeles, with Three Appendixes Page 39, Image 40 (1873) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[Ordinances of the City of Los Angeles,] §23. No person or persons shall fire any gun, pistol, or rifle, or other description of fire-arms, or discharge any air-gun whatever within the fire limits of the city, or in any corral, yard or street with...

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Edmund William McGregor Mackey, The Revised Statutes of the State of South Carolina, Prepared by Commissioners under an Act of the General Assembly, Approved March 9, 1869, to Which is Prefixed the Constitution of the United States and the Constitution of South Carolina Page 710, Image 788 (1873) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Of Offenses Against the Person, § 7. Whoever shall challenge another to fight at sword, pistol, rapier, or any other dangerous weapon, or who shall accept any such challenge, shall, for every offense, on conviction thereof, be deprived of the righ...

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William King McAlister Jr., Ordinances of the City of Nashville, to Which are Prefixed the State Laws Chartering and Relating to the City, with an Appendix Page 340-341, Image 345-346 (1881) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Ordinances of the City of Nashville, Carrying Pistols, Bowie-Knives, Etc., § 1. That every person found carrying a pistol, bowie-knife, dirk-knife, slung-shot, brass knucks or other deadly weapon, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon...

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M.S. Bonnifield, The Compiled Laws of the State of Nevada. Embracing Statutes of 1861 to 1873, Inclusive Page 564, Image 706 (Vol. 1, 1873) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Compiled Laws of Nevada, [Of Crimes and Punishments,] § 41. If any person shall assault and beat another with a cowhide, stick, or whip, having at the time, in his possession, a pistol or other deadly weapon, with intent to intimidate and prevent ...

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George Washington Paschal, A Digest of the Laws of Texas: Containing Laws in Force, and the Repealed Laws on Which Rights Rest Page 1321-1322, Image 291-292 (Vol. 2, 1873) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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An Act to Prohibit the Carrying of Firearms on Premises or Plantations of Any Citizen Without the Consent of the Owner, Art. 6510. It shall not be lawful for any person or persons to carry firearms on the enclosed premises or plantation of any citizen,...

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1873 Mo. Laws 328, An Act to Incorporate The Town Of Moberly, art. III, § 1, pt. 15.

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To . . . punish . . . any person who shall threaten, quarrel, challenge or fight within said city, or any person who shall be found intoxicated, who shall carry concealed deadly weapons in said city, or any person who shall be found guilty of a misdeme...

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Ordinances of Jersey City, Passed By The Board Of Aldermen since May 1, 1871, under the Act Entitled “An Act to Re-organize the Local Government of Jersey City,” Passed March 31, 1871, and the Supplements Thereto Page 86- 87, Image 86-87 (1874) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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An Ordinance In Relation to the Carrying of Dangerous Weapons. The Mayor and Aldermen of Jersey City do ordain as follows: § 1. That with the exceptions made in the second section of this ordinance, no person shall, within the limits of Jersey Cit...

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The Code: Containing All the Statutes of the State of Iowa, of a General Nature, Passed at the Adjourned Session of the Fourteenth General Assembly Page 76-77, Image 88-89 (1873) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Cities and Incorporated Towns, Powers, § 456. They shall have power to prevent injury or annoyance from anything dangerous offensive or unhealthy, and to cause any nuisance to be abated; to regulate the transportation and keeping of gunpowder or o...

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1873 Mont. Laws 46, An Act to Prevent Parties from Shooting within the Limits of Towns and Private Enclosures, § 1.

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That it shall be unlawful for any person to fire any gun, pistol or any fire-arm, of whatever description, within the limits of any town, city, or village in this territory, or within the limits of any private enclosure which shall contain a dwelling h...

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Revised Ordinances of the City of Fort Worth, Texas, 1873-1884 Page 206, Image 204 (1885) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Ordinances of the City of Fort Worth, An Ordinance in Regard to Carrying Deadly Weapons, § 1. That it shall be unlawful for any person to carry about his person any pistol, Bowie knife or other deadly or unlawful weapon while within the corporate ...

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R. H. Clark, The Code of the State of Georgia. Second Edition Page 826, Image 844 (1873) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Act of Feb. 20th, 1873, Hunting on Sunday -- Penalty § 4580. Any person or persons who shall hunt any kind of game with gun or dogs, or both, on the Sabbath day, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and, on conviction, shall be punished as prescribed...

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Proceedings of the Common Council of the City of Chicago Page 140, Image 185 (Vol. 5, 1874) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Ordinances of Chicago: An Ordinance Prohibiting the Sale to or Furnishing Minors with Firearms. § 1. That no person within said city shall sell to or in any manner furnish any minor with any gun, pistol, revolver, or other firearms; and any person...

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George Washington Paschal, Reporter A Digest of the Laws of Texas: Containing Laws in Force, and the Repealed Laws on Which Rights Rest. Carefully Annotated. 3rd ed. Vol. 2 Page 1317-1318, Image 287-288 (Washington D.C., 1873) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Criminal Code, Riots and Unlawful Assemblies at Elections Violence Used Towards Electors, Art. 6490. (1) It shall be unlawful for any person to carry any gun, pistol, bowie knife, or other dangerous weapon, concealed or unconcealed, on any day of elect...

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Wade Keyes, The Code of Alabama, 1876 : with References to the Decisions of the Supreme Court of the State upon the Construction of the Statutes; and in Which the General and Permenent Acts of the Session of 1876-7 have been Incorporated Page 883, Image 899 (1877) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Offenses Against Public Justice, &c. § 4110. Carrying, concealed, brass knuckles and slung-shots. – Any person who carries, concealed about his person, brass knuckles, slung-shot, or other weapon of like kind or description, shall, on co...

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Edward Innes Bullock, Commissioner, The General Statutes of the Commonwealth of Kentucky. To Which are Prefixed Magna Charta, the Constitution of the United States, the Constitutions of Kentucky, and the Other Documents Ordered by Law Page 669, Image 681 (1873) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Fines and Penalties. § 3. A soldier who unnecessarily, or without order from a superior officer, comes to any parade with his musket, rifle, or pistol loaded with ball, slug, or shot, or shall so load the same while on duty, or unnecessarily, or w...

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The Charter and General Ordinances of the Town of Lexington, Virginia Page 108, Image 128 (1892) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Ordinances of the Town of Lexington, Of discharging fire-arms or arrows from a bow or cross-bow in streets, playing bandy, throwing snow balls, stones, etc, § 1. If any person, in any street or public alley, shall fire or discharge any gun, pistol...

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Bonnifield, The Compiled Laws of the State of Nevada. Embracing Statutes of 1861 to 1873, Inclusive Page 563, Image 705 (Vol. 1, 1873) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Of Crimes and Punishments, § 35. If any person shall by previous appointment or agreement, fight a duel with a rifle, shotgun, pistol, bowie knife, dirk, smallsword, backsword, or other dangerous weapon, and in doing shall kill his antagonist, or ...

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1874 N.J. Laws 137-38, An Act to Amend and Consolidate the Several Acts Relating to Game and Game Fish, ch. 525, § 4.

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That no person shall at any time kill any wild duck, brant, or goose with any device or instrument known as a swivel or punt gun, or with any gun other than such guns as are habitually raised at arms [sic] length and fired from the shoulder; or shall u...

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1874 Id. Sess. Laws 326, Offenses Against the Persons or Individuals, § 36.

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Any person who shall engage in a duel with any deadly weapon, although no homicide ensue, or shall challenge another to fight such duel, or shall send or deliver any verbal or written message, purporting or intending to be such challenge, although no d...

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Edward Otis Hinkley, Supplement to the Maryland Code: Containing the Acts of the General Assembly Passed at the Session of 1864 Page 76 Image 153 (Vol. 2, 1865) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Roads. § 12. No person shall fire any gun, pistol or firelock of any kind, on or within twenty yards of any public road, street, bridge, causeway or highway in Cecil county, under a penalty of not less than five nor more than twenty dollars, to be...

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Harvey Bostwick Hurd, The Revised Statutes of the State of Illinois. A. D. 1874. Comprising the Revised Acts of 1871-2 and 1873-4, Together with All Other General Statutes of the State, in Force on the First Day of July, 1874 Page 360, Image 368 (1874) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Disorderly Conduct: Disturbing the Peace, § 56. Whoever, at a late and unusual hour of the night time, willfully and maliciously disturbs the peace and quiet of any neighborhood or family, by loud or unusual noises, or by tumultuous or offensive c...

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John Worth Edmonds, Statutes at Large of the State of New York: Containing the General Statutes Passed in the Years 1871, 1872, 1873 and 1874 with a Reference to All the Decisions upon Them. Also, the Constitution of the State of New York as Amended in 1875. 2d ed. Page 188, Image 188 (Vol. 9, 1875) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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An Act to Amend and Consolidate the Several Acts Relating to the Preservation of Moose, Wild Deer, Birds and Fish, § 3. No person shall at any time kill any wild duck, goose are or brant, with any device or instrument known as a swivel or punt gun...

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1874 Ohio Laws 148, Reg. Sess vol. 71, An Act to Protect Certain Birds and Game, and to Protect Land Owners and Punish Trespassing upon Improved or Enclosed Land, and to Repeal Certain Statutes Therein Designated, § 2.

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And it shall be unlawful for any person, by the aid or use of any swivel or punt gun, or any other than the common shoulder gun, or by the aid or use of any push boat or sneak boat, used for carrying such gun, to catch, kill or wound, or destroy or to ...

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A.G. Davis, City Clerk, Charter and Ordinances, and Rules and Orders of the City Council. Revised February 1874 Page 52, Image 53 (1874) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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City Ordinances, § 4. No person shall haul unto, or lay at any wharf in the city, any vessel having on board more than twenty-five pounds of gun-powder, nor discharge or receive on board exceeding that quantity, without having first obtained from ...

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Mercer Beasley, Revision of the Statutes of New Jersey: Published under the Authority of the Legislature; by Virtue of an Act Approved April 4, 1871 Page 263, Image 309 (1877) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Crimes, An Act Relating to the Transportation of Explosive and Dangerous Material, § 1. That if any person shall deliver, or cause to be delivered, to any canal, railroad, steamboat, or other transportation company, or to any persons, firm, or cor...

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1874 Md. Acts 224, An Act To Protect Wild Fowl in Worcester County, ch. 164, §§ 1-2

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§ 1... no person shall, during the hours intervening between twilight at evening and twilight of the following morning, shoot or kill, or shoot at, capture with nets, by fire-light, any wild fowl within the limits of Worcester County. § 2. .....

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Charter and Ordinances of the City of Bridgeport: as Amended and Adopted Page 194 (1874) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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An Ordinance Relative to Gunpowder and Explosive Substances. Be it ordained by the Common Council of the City of Bridgeport, § 1. No person shall have, or keep for sale or for any other purpose, within the limits of this city, any quantity of gunp...

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John Prentiss Poe, The Maryland Code : Public Local Laws, Adopted by the General Assembly of Maryland March 14, 1888. Including also the Public Local Acts of the Session of 1888 incorporated therein Page 1457, Image 382 (Vol. 2, 1888) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Election Districts--Fences. § 99. It shall not be lawful for any person in Kent county to carry, on the days of election, secretly or otherwise, any gun, pistol, dirk, dirk-knife, razor, billy or bludgeon; and any person violating the provisions o...

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1875 Ind. Acts 62, An Act Defining Certain Misdemeanors, and Prescribing Penalties Therefor, § 1.

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. . . That if any person shall draw or threaten to use any pistol, dirk, knife, slung-shot, or any other deadly or dangerous weapon upon any other person, he shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction therefor, shall be fined in any s...

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J. Nelson Wisner, Ordinances and By-Laws of the Corporation of Martinsburg: Berkeley Co., West Virginia, Including the Act of Incorporation and All Other Acts of a Special or General Nature Page 25, Image 25 (1875) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[Ordinances of Martinsburg, An Ordinance to Prevent Certain Improper Practices Therein Specified,] § 3. If any person shall fire or discharge within such parts of the town which are or shall be laid out into lots, or within two hundred yards of sa...

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1875 Ky. Acts 450, An Act to Amend an Act Entitled “An Act to Amend and Reduce into One Several Acts in Regard to the Town of Vanceburg, in Lewis County”, § 43.

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No person, except watchmen, gunsmiths and militiamen in the discharge of their duty, or unless in defense of life or property, shall fire a gun or pistol within the city limits: any person thus offending shall be fined not less than one dollar nor more...

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Mo. Const. of 1875, art. II, § 17.

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Right to bear arms, when – That the right of no citizen to keep and bear arms in defense of his home, person and property, or in aid of the civil power, when hereto legally summoned, shall be called in question; but nothing herein contained is in...

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1875 Va. Acts 109, An Act To Amend And Re-enact Section Twelve, Chapter Ninety-nine, Code of Eighteen Hundred And Seventy-Three, for the Protection Of Wild Fowl in the Counties Bordering on the Potomac And Rappahannock, ch. 100, § 12

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If any person shall, at any time, either in the night or day-time, shoot at wild fowl in any county bordering . . . with any gun which cannot be conveniently discharged from the shoulder at arm’s length without a rest, or have such gun in his pos...

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Revised Ordinances and Resolutions of the City Council of Salt Lake City, in the Territory of Utah, with Congressional and Territorial Laws on Townsites and Great Salt Lake City Charter, and Amendments Page 161-162, Image 196-197 (1875) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Ordinances of Salt Lake City, Relating to Gunpowder, Gun Cotton and Nitro-Glycerine, § 1. Be it ordained, by the City Council of Salt Lake City, that it shall not be lawful for any person or persons to keep, sell or give away, gunpowder, gun-cotto...

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1875 Mich. Pub. Acts 136, An Act To Prevent The Setting Of Guns And Other Dangerous Devices, § 1.

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[I]f any person shall set any spring or other gun, or any trap or device operating by the firing or explosion of gunpowder or any other explosive, and shall leave or permit the same to be left, except in the immediate presence of some competent person,...

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J. Nelson Wisner, Ordinances and By-Laws of the Corporation of Martinsburg: Berkeley Co., West Virginia, Including the Act of Incorporation and All Other Acts of a Special or General Nature Page 26, Image 26 (1875) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[Ordinances of Martinsburg, An Ordinance to Prevent Certain Improper Practices Therein Specified,] § 12. It shall not be lawful for any person to keep in any shop, store, warehouse or other house or building within this town, without the special p...

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1875 Ga. Laws 189, An Act to Prevent the Shooting or Firing of Guns or Pistols in the Village of Vineville, in the County of Bibb, ch. 181, § 1.

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. . . it shall not be lawful for any person or persons to discharge, fire or shoot off any gun or guns, pistol or pistols (except military salutes, and persons discharging, firing or shooting guns or pistols on their own premises, or on the premises of...

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1876 Ga. Laws 112.

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Section I. That from an after the passage of this Act it shall not be lawful for any person or persons knowingly to sell, give, lend or furnish any minor or minors any pistol, dirk, bowie knife or sword cane. Any person found guilty of a violation of t...

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Lewis Mayer, Revised Code of the Public General Laws of the State of Maryland, with the Constitution of the State Page 173, Image 202 (1879) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Wild Fowl and Game, § 23. The clerk of the Circuit Court for Harford county, and the clerk of the Circuit Court for Cecil county, shall upon the application of any resident of the State of Maryland, being the owner of any sink-box, craft or sneak-...

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1876 Iowa Acts 142, An Act to Diminish Liability to Railroad Accidents and to Punish Interference with, and Injury to the Property of Railroad Companies, chap. 148, § 1.

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If any person shall throw any stone, or other substance of any nature whatever, or shall present or discharge any gun, pistol, or other fire arm at any railroad train, car or locomotive engine he shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and be punished ...

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Wade Keyes, The Code of Alabama, 1876 : with References to the Decisions of the Supreme Court of the State upon the Construction of the Statutes; and in Which the General and Permanent Acts of the Session of 1876-7 have been Incorporated Page 882, Image 898 (1877) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Offenses Against Public Peace, § 4109. Carrying Concealed Weapons – Any person who, not being threatened with, or having good reason to apprehend, an attack, or traveling, or setting out on a journey, carries concealed about his person a bow...

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1876 Wyo. Comp. Laws 352, An Act to Prevent the Carrying of Fire Arms and Other Deadly Weapons, ch. 52, § 1-3.

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§ 1. That hereafter it shall be unlawful for any resident of any city, town or village, or for any one not a resident of any city, town or village, in said territory, but a sojourner therein, to bear upon his person, concealed or openly, any fire ...

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John Purdon A Digest of the Laws of Pennsylvania, from the Year One Thousand Seven Hundred to the Sixth Day of June, One Thousand Eight Hundred and Eighty-Three. 11th Edition Vol. 2 Page 1451, Image 453 (Philadelphia, 1885) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Railroads. Inclined-Plane Railways. § 194. If any person shall break, pull down or destroy any part or parts of said inclined plane, or other property of the said corporation, or shall willfully obstruct the passage in or to said inclined plane, o...

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Wade Keyes, The Code of Alabama, 1876 : with References to the Decisions of the Supreme Court of the State upon the Construction of the Statutes; and in Which the General and Permanent Acts of the Session of 1876-7 have been Incorporated Page 989, Image 1005 (1877) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Proceedings In Circuit and City Courts, § 4809. Carrying Concealed Weapons. – In an indictment for carrying concealed weapons, it is sufficient to charge that the defendant “carried concealed about his person a pistol, or other descrip...

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J. Nelson Wisner, Ordinances and By-Laws of the Corporation of Martinsburg: Berkeley Co., West Virginia, Including the Act of Incorporation and All Other Acts of a Special or General Nature Page 76, Image 76 (1875) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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[Ordinances of Martinsburg,] An Ordinance in Relation to Pistol Galleries, § 1. Be it ordained by the Council of the Corporation of Martinsburg, That no pistol gallery, in which air guns or pistols, or guns or pistols in which are fired powder, is...

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1876 Wyo. Comp. Laws 273, An Act Defining Crime and Providing for the Punishment Thereof, ch. 35, tit. 9, § 127.

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If any person or persons shall have upon him any pistol, gun, knife, dirk, bludgeon or other offensive weapon, with intent to assault any person, every such person, on conviction, shall be fined in any sum not exceeding five hundred dollars, or impriso...

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1876 Pa. Laws 105, An Act To Amend And Consolidate The Several Acts Relating To Game And Game Fish, § 4

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No person shall, at any time, kill any wild duck or goose with any device or instrument known as a swivel or punt gun, or with any gun other than such guns as habitually are raised at arm’s length and fired from the shoulder or shall use any net,...

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1876 Colo. Const. 30, art. II, § 13.

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That the right of no person to keep and bear arms in defense of his home, person and property, or in aid of the civil power when hereto legally summoned, shall be called in question; but nothing herein contained shall be construed to justify the practi...

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1876 Tex. Gen. Laws 29, An Act To Incorporate The City Of Galveston And to Grant A New Charter, Tit. 7, Art. II, § 108

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To direct, control and prohibit the keeping and management of houses, or any building for the storing of gun-powder and other combustible, explosive or dangerous materials, within the city; to regulate the keeping and conveying of the same, and the use...

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1876 Colo. Sess. Laws 304, General Laws, § 154.

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if any person shall have upon him any pistol, gun, knife, dirk, bludgeon, or other offensive weapon, with intent to assault any person, every such person, on conviction shall be fined in any sum not exceeding five hundred dollars, or imprisoned in the ...

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Mercer Beasley, Revision of the Statutes of New Jersey: Published under the Authority of the Legislature; by Virtue of an Act Approved April 4, 1871 Page 232-233, Image 278-279. (1877) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Crimes Against the Public Peace, If any person shall by word, message, letter, or any other way, challenge another to fight a duel, with a rapier, or small-sword, back-sword, pistol, or other dangerous weapon, or shall accept a challenge, although not ...

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Charter and Revised Ordinances of Boise City, Idaho. In Effect April 12, 1894 Page 117, Image 118 (1894) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Ordinances [of Boise City], Storing of Powder, § 31. It shall be unlawful for any person or persons, firm, corporation or association to keep or store in any building, store or warehouse, within the corporate limits of Boise City any gunpowder or ...

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Mercer Beasley, Revision of the Statutes of New Jersey: Published under the Authority of the Legislature; by Virtue of an Act Approved April 4, 1871 Page 91, Image 137 (1877) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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An Act for the Protection of Bridges over the River Delaware, § 3. That it shall not be lawful for any person or persons passing riding or driving over any toll bridge, as aforesaid, to carry any lighted cigar or pipe, or to carry fire in any form...

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Mercer Beasley, Revision of the Statutes of New Jersey: Published under the Authority of the Legislature; by Virtue of an Act Approved April 4, 1871 Page 304, Image 350 (1877) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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An Act Concerning Disorderly Persons, § 2. And whereas, diverse ill-disposed persons are frequently apprehended, having upon them implements for house-breaking, or offensive weapons, or are found in or upon houses, warehouses, stables, barns or ou...

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J. M. Meech, Charter and Revised Ordinances of the City of Norwich With the Amendments Thereto, and Statutes of the State Relating to Municipal Corporations, in Force January 1st, 1877 Page 178, Page 185 (1876) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Ordinances of Norwich. § 15. No person or persons shall fire any swivel, musket, fowling-piece, pistol, or other gun of any description within said city at a less distance than fifty rods from any dwelling house, or public highway, or street witho...

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1877 Va. Acts 305, Offenses Against The Peace, § 21

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If any person carrying any gun, pistol, bowie-knife, dagger, or other dangerous weapon, to any place of worship while a meeting for religious purposes is being held at such place, or without good and sufficient cause therefor, shall carry any such weap...

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1877 Ohio Laws 278, Offenses Against Public Policy, § 60.

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Whoever, except in case of invasion by a foreign enemy, or to suppress insurrection or a mob, or for the purpose of raising the body of a person drowned, or for the purpose of blasting or removing rock, fires any cannon, or explodes at any time more th...

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Wade Keyes, The Code of Alabama, 1876 : with References to the Decisions of the Supreme Court of the State upon the Construction of the Statutes; and in Which the General and Permanent Acts of the Session of 1876-7 have been Incorporated Page 914, Image 930 (1877) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Offenses Against the Person, § 4315. Assault and Battery with cowhide, &c., having pistol or other deadly weapon to intimidate. – Any person who assaults and beats another, with a cowhide, stick, or whip, having in his possession at the ...

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1877 Mo. Laws 306, An Act To Provide for the Organization and Government of the Militia of the State of Missouri, Repealing All Other Acts and Parts of Acts Inconsistent with This Act, art. IV, § 3.

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A soldier who, unnecessarily or without orders from a superior officer, comes to any parade with his firearms loaded with ball, slug or shot, or shall so load the same while on duty, or unnecessarily or without orders from a superior officer, discharge...

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Wade Keyes, The Code of Alabama, 1876 : with References to the Decisions of the Supreme Court of the State upon the Construction of the Statutes; and in Which the General and Permenent Acts of the Session of 1876-7 have been Incorporated Page 901, Image 917 (1877) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Offenses Against Public Health, § 4229. Shooting and horse-racing on public road. – Any person who discharges a gun, or any other kind of fire-arms, along or across any public road, or engages in a horse race on any public road, must, on con...

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Edward O. Wolcott, The Ordinances of Georgetown Passed June 7th, A.D. 1877, Together with the Charter of Georgetown, and the Amendments Thereto: A Copy of the Patent Heretofore Issued to Georgetown by the Government of the United States, and the Rules and Order of Business Page 100, Image 101 (1877) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Offenses Affecting Streets and Public Property, § 9. If any person or persons, within the corporate limits of Georgetown, shall be found carrying concealed, upon his or her person, any pistol, bowie knife, dagger, or other deadly weapon, such pers...

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1878 Miss. Laws 175, An Act To Prevent The Carrying Of Concealed Weapons And For Other Purposes, ch. 46, § 1.

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That any person not being threatened with, or having good and sufficient reason to apprehend an attack, or traveling (not being a tramp) or setting out on a long journey, or peace officers, or deputies in discharge of their duties, who carries conceale...

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1878 Cal Stat. 117, An Act Amending Section Four Hundred and Fifteen of the Penal Code, in Relation to Crimes Against The Public Peace, ch. CCXCIX, § 1.

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Every person who maliciously and willfully disturbs the peace or quiet of any neighborhood or person, by loud or unusual noise, or by tumultuous or offensive conduct, or threatening, traducing, quarreling, challenging to fight, or fighting, or who, on ...

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1878 Miss. Laws 175-76, An Act To Prevent The Carrying Of Concealed Weapons And For Other Purposes, ch. 46, §§ 2-3.

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§ 2. It shall not be lawful for any person to sell to any minor or person intoxicated, knowing him to be a minor or in a state of intoxication, any weapon of the kind or description in the first section of this Act described [pistols, various kniv...

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William. M. Caswell, Revised Charter and Compiled Ordinances and Resolutions of the City of Los Angeles Page 85, Image 83 (1878) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Ordinances of the City of Los Angeles, § 36. In future, no persons, except peace officers, and persons actually traveling, and immediately passing through Los Angeles city, shall wear or carry any dirk, pistol, sword in a cane, slung-shot, or othe...

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1878 Miss. Laws 176, An Act To Prevent The Carrying Of Concealed Weapons And For Other Purposes, ch. 46, § 4.

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[A]ny student of any university, college or school, who shall carry concealed, in whole or in part, any weapon of the kind or description in the first section of this Act described, or any teacher, instructor, or professor who shall, knowingly, suffer ...

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1878 S.C. Acts 724, An Act to Amend An Act To Prevent Fishing With Nets In The Fresh Water Streams Of This State At Certain Seasons Of The Year

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It shall not be lawful for any person on the Counties of Horry, Marion, Darlington, Clarendon, Chesterfield, Georgetown, Marlboro, and Williamsburg to fish with nets or gigs, or set traps, or shoot fish with any kind of gun, in any of the fresh water r...

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Revised Ordinances of the City of Fort Worth, Texas, 1873-1884 Page 113-114, Image 111-112 (1885) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Ordinances of the City of Fort Worth. An Ordinance defining and punishing affrays and Disturbances of the Peace, . . .§ 2. If any person shall go into any public place, or into or near any private house, or along any public street or highway near ...

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Charter and Revised Ordinances of Boise City, Idaho. In Effect April 12, 1894 Page 118-119, Image 119-120 (1894) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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Carrying Concealed Weapons, § 36. Every person not being a sheriff, deputy sheriff, constable or other police officer, who shall carry or wear within the incorporated limits of Boise City, Idaho, any bowie knife, dirk knife, pistol or sword in can...

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1879 Mont. Laws 359, Offences against the Lives and Persons of Individuals, ch. 4, § 23.

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If any person shall, by previous appointment or agreement, fight a duel with a rifle, shot-gun, pistol, bowie-knife, dirk, small-sword, back-sword, or other dangerous weapon, and in so doing shall kill his antagonist, or any person or persons, or shall...

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1879 Tenn. Pub. Acts 231, An Act to amend the Criminal Laws of this State upon the subject of carrying concealed weapons, and amend Section 4759 of the Code.

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Section 1. . . Hereafter it shall not be lawful for any person to carry, publicly or privately, any dirk, razor, concealed about his person, sword cane, spanish stilletto, belt or pocket pistol, revolver, or any kind of pistol, except the army or navy ...

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1879 Tenn. Pub. Acts 231, An Act to Amend the Criminal Laws of this State upon the Subject of Carrying Concealed Weapons . . . , ch. 186, § 1.

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[I]t shall not be lawful for any person to carry, publicly or privately, any dirk, razor concealed about his person, sword cane, spanish stiletto, belt or pocket pistol, revolver, or any kind of pistol, except the army or navy pistol used in warfare, w...

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1879 Tenn. Pub. Acts 135-36, An Act to Prevent the Sale of Pistols, chap. 96, § 1.

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It shall be a misdemeanor for any person to sell, or offer to sell, or to bring into the State for the purpose of selling, giving away, or otherwise disposing of belt or pocket pistols, or revolvers, or any other kind of pistols, except army or na...

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J. M. Falkner, The Code of Ordinances of the City Council of Montgomery, with the Charter Page 148-49, Image 148-49 (1879) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

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§ 428. Any person who, not being threatened with or having good reason to apprehend an attack, or travelling or setting out on a journey, carries concealed about his person a bowie-knife or any other knife of like kind or description, or a pistol ...

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1879 Wyo. Sess. Laws 97, An Act to Prevent the Use of Firearms from Railroad Cars, and Provide for the Punishment Thereof, ch. 43, § 1.

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It shall be unlawful for any person in this territory to fire any rifle, revolver, or other fire arm of any description whatever, from any window, door, or other part of any railroad car or train, engine or tender, or along the line of railroad during ...

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