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Revised Ordinances of the City of Boulder, 157, An Ordinance for the Protection of Several Parks Belonging to the City No. 511 (1899)

511. No firearms or shooting in.

SECTION I.  Any person other than the police officers of the city who shall take or carry or cause to be taken or carried in to any of the parks belonging to the City of Boulder, any gun, pistol, or revolver, or other firearm, or who shall shoot any firearm at or towards or over or into or upon any of said parks, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor. 




The Revised Ordinances of the City of Danville (1883)

Chapter XIX. Parks. 

FIRE-ARMS AND FIRE-WORKS FORBIDDEN.] § 4.  Whoever shall carry any fire-arms into said parks, or shall fire off or discharge the same in, or into said parks, or any of them ; or whoever shall shoot, fire or discharge any kind of fire-works therein, shall be fined not less than one dollar nor more than one hundred dollars, for each offense.

Full Text: PDF




Franklin Bowditch Dexter, Biographical Sketches of the Graduates of Yale College: May 1745-May 1763, Annals, at 8 (1745)

14. If any Scholar Shall keep a Gun or Pistol, or Fire one in the College-Yard or College, or Shall Go a Gunning, Fishing, or Sailing, or Shall Go more than Two Miles from College upon any Occasion whatsoever : or Shall be Present at any Court, Election, Town-Meeting, Wedding or Meeting of young People for Diversion or any Such-like Meeting which may Occasion Mispence of precious Time without Liberty first obtain’d from the President or his Tutor, in any of the cases abovesaid he Shall be fined not exceeding Two Shillings. 

Full Text: Perma.cc




Appendix A, Rules and Regulations Governing the Public Parks within the City of Haverhill (1905)

It is forbidden . . . 9. To throw stones, balls or other missiles; to discharge or carry firearms, torpedoes, firecrackers or fireworks; to sell, offer or expose for sale any goods or wares; to post or display in any manner within any park or upon the gates, fences or inclosures thereof. any advertisement, posters or written or printed notice of any description; to play games of chance: to utter profane, indecent or threatening language; to bathe or fish; to commit any nuisance or to annoy wilfully any visitor within the parks.

Full Text: Google Books




An Ordinance to regulate the government of parks and other public pleasure grounds of The City of New York, at 600 (1903)

Be it Ordained by the Board of Aldermen of The City of New York, as follows: All persons are forbidden . . . 

XXIV. No one shall fire or carry any firearm, fire cracker, torpedo or fire-works, nor make a fire, nor make any oration, nor conduct any religious or other meeting or ceremony within any of the parks, parkways, squares or places in The City of New York under the jurisdiction of the Department of Parks without special permission from the Commissioner having jurisdiction.

Full Text: HathiTrust




Rules and Regulations Governing the Public Parks within the City of Lowell,, at 58 (1903)

The Board of Park Commissioners of the City of Lowell, by virtue of its authority to make rules and regulations for the use and government of the Public Parks and Commons of said City, and to fix penalties for breaches of rules and regulations, hereby ordains that, within such Public Parks and Commons, except by and with the consent of the Board: . . .

3. It is forbidden to throw stones, balls or other missiles; to discharge or carry firearms, fire crackers, torpedoes or fire-works; to make fires; to have any intoxicating beverages; to sell, offer or expose for sale any goods or wares; to post or display signs, placards, flags or advertising devices; to solicit subscriptions or contributions, to play games of chance, or to have possession of instruments of gambling; to utter profane, threatening, abusive or indecent language, or to commit any obscene or indecent act; to solicit the acquaintance of, or to follow, or in any way annoy visitors to said Parks and Commons.

Full Text: HathiTrust




Office of Park Commission, New Bedford, Mass., Park Ordinances (1902)

September 1, 1902. The Board of Park Commissioners of the City of New Bedford, by virtue of its authority to make rules for the use and government of the public parks of said city, and for breaches of such rules to affix penalties, hereby ordain that within the public parks and commons of the city, except with prior consent of the Commissioners, all persons are hereby forbidden: . . . 3. To throw stones, balls or other missiles; to discharge or carry firearms, firecrackers, torpedoes or fireworks; to make fires, to play musical instruments; to have for sale or otherwise any intoxicating liquors or beverages; to sell or offer for sale any goods or wares; to post or display signs, placards, flags or any advertising devices whatsoever; to play games of chance or to have possession of instruments of gambling; to utter profane, threatening, abusive or indecent language; to make orations or loud outcries; to in any manner annoy other visitors.

Full Text: HathiTrust




Report of the Board of Park Commissioners of the City of Springfield, Mass., Park Ordinances (1891)

The Board of Park Commissioners of the City of Springfield, by virtue of its authority to make Rules for the use and government of the Public Parks of said city, and for breaches of such rules to affix penalties, hereby ordains that within the Public Parks, except with prior consent of the Board, it is forbidden: . . .

3. To throw stones, balls, or other missiles; to discharge or carry firearms, firecrackers, torpedoes, or fireworks; to make fires; to play musical instruments; to have any intoxicating beverages; to sell, offer, or expose for sale any goods or wares; to post or display signs, placards, flags or advertising devices; to solicit subscriptions or contributions; to play games of chance, or to have possession of instruments of gambling; to make orations, harangues, or loud outcries; to enter into political canvassing of any kind; to utter profane, threatening, abusive, or indecent language, or to do any obscene or indecent act; to bathe or fish; to solicit the acquaintance of, or follow, or otherwise annoy other visitors.

Full Text: Google Books




Third Annual Report of the Park Commissioners of the City of Lynn for the year ending December 20, 1891, at 23, Ordinances

The Board of Park Commissioners of the City of Lynn , by virtue of its authority to make rules for the use and government of the Public Parks of said City, and for breaches of such rules to affix penalties, hereby ordains that within the limits of Lynn Woods, Meadow Park and Oceanside, except with the prior consent of the Board, it is forbidden: . . .
3. To throw stones or other missiles; to discharge or carry firearms, except by members of the police force in the discharge of their duties; to discharge or carry fire – crackers, torpedoes or fireworks; to make fires; to have any intoxicating beverages; to sell, to offer or expose for sale any goods or wares; to post or display signs, placards, flags or advertising devices; to solicit subscriptions or contributions; to play games of chance, or have possession of instruments of gambling; to utter profane, threatening, abusive or indecent language, or to do any obscene or indecent act; to bathe or fish; to solicit the acquaintance of, or follow, or otherwise annoy other visitors.

Full Text: Google Books




1895 Mich. Local Acts 596, § 44

SEC. 44.  No person shall fire or discharge any gun or pistol firearms or fireworks. or carry firearms, or throw stones or other missiles within said park or boulevard, nor shall any person fire, discharge or set off any rocket, cracker, torpedo, squib or other fireworks or things containing any substance of any explosive character on said park or boulevard, without the permission of said commissioners, and then only under such regulations as they shall prescribe.

Full Text: HeinOnline (subscription required)




Ordinances, Rules and Regulations of the Department of Parks of the City of New York 7 (1916)

§ 17. Disorderly conduct. No person shall, in any park, . . . 8. Fire or carry any firearm, firecracker, torpedo or fireworks.

Full Text: HathiTrust 




City of Trenton, New Jersey, Charter and Ordinances 390, An Ordinance providing for the government and protection of public parks and squares of the city of Trenton (1903)

8.  No person shall carry firearms or shoot birds in said park or squares, or within fifty yards thereof, or throw stones or other missiles therein.

Full Text: Google Books




The Great Woods of Lynn and Other Public Parks of the Town in 1903, Being the 15th Annual Report of the Park Commissioners of Lynn, Massachusetts 81 (1903)

[I]t is forbidden … to discharge or carry firearms, except by members of the police force in the discharge of their duties.

(Rule 3)

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A Digest of the Laws and Ordinances for the Government of the Municipal Corporation of the City of Reading, Pennsylvania, Park Rules and Regulations, 240 (1897)

(8) No person shall carry firearms, or shoot in the common, or within fifty yards thereof, or throw stones or other missiles therein.

Full Text: Google Books




Laws and Ordinances for the Government of the Municipal Corporation of the City of Williamsport, Pennsylvania 141 (1891)

SEC. 1

21. No person shall carry fire-arms, or shoot in the park, or discharge any fire-works, or throw stones or missiles therein.

(Rules and Regulations for the government and protection of Brandon Park)

Full Text: Google Books




Ordinance No. 1: Protecting Public Morality, Order and Safety, undated, reprinted in Ordinances of the Town of Bedford (1869) (Indiana).

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Sec. 4. Every person, not being a traveler, who shall wear or carry any dirk, pistol, bowie knife, dagger, sword in cane, or any other dangerous or deadly weapon concealed, or who shall carry or wear such weapon with the intent and avowed purpose of injuring his fellow man, shall, upon conviction thereof, be fined in any sum not more than ten dollars.

. . .

Sec. 16. Every person who shall shoot or fire any gun, pistol, or other firearms, on or across any street, sidewalk, or alley, within the corporate limits of said town, shall be fined in any sum not exceeding three dollars.

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Chapter XII, Article III: Offenses Affecting Public Safety, undated, reprinted in Digest of the Acts Repealing the Charters of Certain Municipal Corporations…and the Ordinances of the Taxing District of Shelby County, Tennessee 188, 189 (C.W. Heiskell ed., 1882).

It shall be deemed a misdemeanor to do, or cause to be done, any of the following acts; and any person convicted thereof shall be fined not less than one nor more than fifty dollars:

. . .

Subsec. 8. To discharge any firearm within the Taxing District, unless in self-defense, or wile executing some law.

Subsec. 9. To carry concealed on or about the person any pistol, bowie-knife, dirk or other deadly weapon. Or to carry any pistol, slung-shot, dangerous knife, or any other deadly weapon of like character at all or in any manner, except in self-defense or while executing some law, or to carry through the streets or other public place in the District, any loaded gun.

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An Act to Prohibit the Unlawful Carrying and Use of Deadly Weapons, Feb. 18, 1887, reprinted in Acts of the Legislative Assembly of the Territory of New Mexico, Twenty-Seventh Session 55, 58 (1887).

Sec. 1. That any person who shall hereafter carry a deadly weapon, either concealed or otherwise, on or about the settlements of this territory, except it be in his or her residence, or on his or her landed estate, and in the lawful defense of his or her person, family or property, the same being then and there threatened with danger, or except such carrying be done by legal authority, upon conviction thereof shall be punished by a fine of not less than fifty dollars, nor more than three hundred, or by imprisonment not less than sixty days, nor more than six months, or by both such fine and imprisonment, in the discretion of the court or jury trying the same.

Sec. 2. Any person who shall draw a deadly weapon or another, or who shall handle a deadly weapon in a threatening manner, at or towards another, in any part of this territory, except it be in the lawful defense of himself, his family or his property, or under legal authority, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined in any sum not less than one hundred dollars, nor more than five hundred dollars, or by imprisonment at hard labor in the county fail or territorial penitentiary not less than three months nor more than eighteen months, or by both such fine and imprisonment, in the discretion of the court or jury trying the same.

Sec. 3. Any person who shall unlawfully assault or strike at another with a deadly weapon, upon conviction thereof shall be punished by a fine not exceeding one thousand dollars, or by imprisonment at hard labor in the county jail or territorial penitentiary, not exceeding three years, in the discretion of the court or jury trying the same.

Sec. 4. Any person who shall unlawfully draw, flourish or discharge a rifle, gun or pistol within the limits of any settlement in this territory, or within any saloon, store, public hall, dance hall or hotel, in this territory, except the same be done by lawful authority, or in the lawful defense of himself, his family or his property, upon conviction thereof shall be punished by a fine of not more than one thousand dollars, or by imprisonment for a term of not more than three years, or by both such fine and imprisonment, in the discretion of the court or jury trying the same. The word “settlement,” as used in this act, shall be construed to mean any point within three hundred yards of any inhabited house, in the territory of New Mexico.

Sec. 5. Any person being armed with a deadly weapon, who shall, by words, or in any other manner, insult or assault another, upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by a fine of not less than one hundred dollars, not more than three hundred dollars, or by imprisonment at hard labor in the county jail or territorial penitentiary for not less than three months, nor more than one year, or by both such fine and imprisonment, in the discretion of the court or jury trying the same.

. . .

Sec. 8. Deadly weapons, within the meaning of this act, shall be construed to mean all kinds and classes of pistols, whether the same be a revolved, repeater, derringer, or any kind or class of pistol or gun; any and all kinds of daggers, bowie knives, poniards, butcher knives, dirk knives, and all such weapons with which dangerous cuts can be given, or with which dangerous thrusts can be inflicted, including sword canes, and any kind of sharp pointed canes; as also slung shots, bludgeons or any other deadly weapons with which dangerous wounds can be inflicted.

Sec. 9. Persons traveling may carry arms for their own protection while actually prosecuting their journey and may pass through settlements on their road without disarming; but if such travelers shall stop at any settlement for a longer time than fifteen minutes they shall remove all arms from their person or persons, and not resume the same until upon eve of departure.

Sec. 10. Sheriffs and constables of the various counties, and marshals and police of cities and towns, in this territory, and their lawfully appointed deputies, may carry weapons, in the legal discharge of the duties of their respective offices, when the same may be necessary, but it shall be for the court or the jury to decide from the evidence whether such carrying of weapons was necessary or not, and for an improper carrying or using deadly weapons by an officer, he shall be punished as other persons as punished, for the violation of the preceding sections of this act.

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Ordinance No. 22: An Ordinance Relating to the Promotion of the Public Peace, Feb. 7, 1888, reprinted in Charter and Ordinances of the City of New Ulm, Minnesota 110–11 (Jos. A. Eckstein ed., 1888).

Sec. 2. It shall be unlawful for any person, within the limits of this city to carry or wear under his clothes or concealed about his person, any pistol, dirk, sling-shot, or knuckle of brass or other metal, or any other dangerous or deadly weapon. Any such weapon duly adjudged by any justice court of said city to have been worn or carried by any person in violation of this section, shall be adjudged and declared forfeited or confiscated to the city of New Ulm: and every such person so offending, on conviction, may in addition to the penalty hereinafter described, be required to furnish surities for keeping the peace for a term not exceeding six months.

Sec. 3. The prohibition in the preceding section shall not apply to police, peace, and other officers of courts, whose duty may be to secure warrants or make arrests, nor to persons whose business or occupation may require the carrying of weapons for protection. Nothing in the ordinances of this city shall be construed to prohibit within the city limits any firing of a gun, pistol or other firearm when done in the lawful defense of person, property or family, or in the necessary enforcement of the laws.




Quoted in Brief of Amicus Curiae Patrick J. Charles at App. 13, N.Y. State Rifle & Pistol Ass’n, v. City of New York (Ordinances of the City of Barre, Vermont)

CHAPTER 16, SEC. 18. No person, except on his own premises, or by the consent and permission of the owner or occupant of the premises, and except in the performance of some duty required by law, shall discharge any gun, pistol, or other fire arm loaded with ball or shot, or with powder only, or firecrackers, serpent, or other preparation whereof gunpowder or other explosive substance is an ingredient, or which consists wholly of the same, nor shall make any bonfire in or upon any street, lane, common or public place within the city, except by authority of the city council.

CHAPTER 38, SEC. 7. No person shall carry within the city any steel or brass knuckles, pistol, slung shot, stilletto, or weapon of similar character, nor carry any weapon concealed on his person without permission of the mayor or chief of police in writing.




Act of Feb. 4, 1812, 195 Del. Laws 522 (1812)

An Act to prevent the discharging of fire-arms within the towns and villages, and other public places within this State, and for other purposes.

SEC. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the State of Delaware, in General Assembly met, That from and after the first day of June next, if any person or persons shall presume to fire or discharge any gun, ordnance, musket, fowling-piece, fusee or pistol, within any of the towns or villages of this State, or within the limits thereof; of where the limits cannot be ascertained, within one quarter of a mile of the center of such town or village, shall fire or discharge any gun, ordnance, musket, fowling piece, fusee or pistol, within or on any of the greens, streets, alleys or lanes of any of the towns and villages within this State, whereon any buildings are or shall be erected, or within one hundred yards of any mill-dam, over or across where any of the main public or State roads may go or pass; every person or persons so offending, shall be fined or punished as hereinafter directed.

SEC. 2. And be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, That if any free white person or persons, or the child or children of any such person or persons, shall fire or discharge any gun, ordnance, musket, fowling-piece, fusee or pistol, within any, or at any of the places or limits aforesaid, every such person or persons, or the child or children of every such person or persons, shall forfeit and pay for every such offence, any sum, not exceeding five dollars, to be recovered from the person or persons, or from the parent of such child or children, before any justice of the peace of this State, on his own view, or on the oath or affirmation of any one or more credible witnesses, to be recovered as debts under forty shillings are recoverable by the laws of the State.

SEC. 3. And be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, That if any free negro or mulatto, or the child or children of any such free negro or mulatto, or any manumitted negro or mulatto, or any servant or servants, slave or slaves, apprentice or apprentices, of any person or persons whatsoever, shall fire or discharge any gun, ordnance, musket, fusee, fowling-piece or pistol, within the limits herein before described, and be thereof convicted by the view of any one justice of the peace, or on the oath or affirmation of one or more credible witnesses, every person so offending, shall forfeit and pay any sum, not exceeding five dollars: Provided nevertheless, That in all and every case where the money is not immediately paid on such conviction, into the hands of the justice before whom such conviction is had, it shall and may be lawful, and the said justice is hereby directed and commanded to commit such person or persons to the fail of his county, there to remain, until the forfeitures and costs are paid.

SEC. 4. And be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, That all fines and forfeitures incurred under this law, shall be paid over for the use of the poor of the county where the offence shall have been committed.

SEC. 5. Provided nevertheless, and be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, That nothing in this act shall extend, or be construed to prevent any such firing, on any day or days of public rejoicing, or where it is authorized by any law of this State, or where it shall be deemed by the justice before whom the information is lodged, that the necessity of the case required the same.




1 Statutes of Ohio & Northwestern Territory 106 (Salmon P. Chase ed., 1833)

SEC. 4. Be it enacted, That if any person shall presume to discharge or fire, or cause to be discharged or fired, any gun or other fire-arms at any mark or object, or upon any pretence whatever, unless he or she shall at the same time be with such gun or fire-arms at the distance of at least one-quarter of a mile from the nearest building of any such city, town, village or station, such person shall for every such offence, forfeit and pay to the use of the county in which the same shall be committed, a sum not exceeding five dollars, not less than one dollar. And if any person being with a quarter of a mile of any city, town, village or station as aforesaid, shall at the same time wilfully discharge or fire any gun or fire-arms, or cause or procure the same to be discharged or fired, at any time after the setting of the sun and before the rising of the same, he or she so offending, shall in like manner forfeit and pay to the use aforesaid, a sum not exceeding five dollars, nor less than one dollar; reserving nevertheless to any person who will inform, and sue for either of the penalties hereinbefore last mentioned within one month from the commission of the offence, a moiety of the penalty which the party offending shall on conviction be adjudged to forfeit and pay, the other moiety thereof to go to the use of the county as aforesaid; which said several penalties, or either of them, shall be recoverable with costs, before any justice, judge, or court having cognizance of the same.

Provided always, That nothing herein contained shall be deemed or construed to extend to any person lawfully using fire-arms as offensive or defensive weapons, in annoying, or opposing a common enemy, or defending his or her person or property, or the person or property of any other, against the invasion or depredations of an enemy, or in the support of the laws and government; or against the attacks of rebels, highwaymen, robbers, thieves, or others unlawfully assailing him or her, or in any other manner where such opposition, defence, or resistance is allowed by the law of the land.

Provided also, That nothing herein contained shall be construed or extend to prevent the necessary military exercise, evolutions and firings of, or the discharging of cannon or small arms, by any soldiers or troops in the service of the United States, or of this territory, being in the field, or posted in or near any city, town, village, station, garrison, fort, encampment or other place, and acting under the immediate orders or by the special direction of the officer commanding the same. Nor shall any thing herein contained by intended or construed to extend to the act of killing or destroying birds of prey, or other wild birds, and mad or wild animals of the brute kind lurking among, in or near, or preying upon or threatening to prey upon and devour any kind of animal stock, or the corn, grain, and other produce in, of or belonging to any plantation, field, garden or other place within, adjoining, or in the vicinity of any city, town, village, or station: nor to the hindrance of any person shooting at or killing any of the larger kind of game or wild animals, such as buffaloes, bears, deer, hares, rabbits, turkeys, swans, geese that may happen at any time to come in view, or be passing or feeding near any city, or, or other place as aforesaid: but every person shooting at any of such game is hereby required to discharge the ball, or balls, shot, or missile weapon so employed in a direction from such city, town, village, or station towards the country so as such ball or balls, missile weapon, or shot, shall pass by or from, and go clear of the buildings pertaining to the same.




1927 Ind. Acts 469, Operation of Machine Guns, Discharge of Bombs—Offense and Penalty:, ch. 156, § 2.

Whoever shall discharge, fire off, or operate any loaded machine gun, or whoever shall drop form an airplane, automobile, or from any building or structure, or who shall throw, hurl, or drop from ground or street, or keep in his possession and under his control any bomb filled with deadly or dangerous explosives, or dangerous or poisonous gases, shall be deemed guilty of a felony and upon conviction shall be imprisoned for a term of not less than two nor more than ten years.




1927 (vol II) Fla. Laws 212, pt. 17.

The City Council shall have the power to pass ordinances on the following subjects as it deems necessary . . . To prohibit and regulate the discharge of firearms, or other explosives.




1925 Tenn. Priv. Acts 298, vol. 1, An Act to Create and Incorporate the City of Brownsville, in Haywood County, Tennessee . . . , ch. 92, § 25, pt. 21.

To regulate the storage and transportation of illuminating oil and gunpowder and other high explosives, and to regulate and prohibit the use of firearms.