1

1759-76 N.H. Laws 115-16, An Act in Addition to the Act for Regulating the Militia.

[N]o person or persons whatever in any town or garrison within this province, shall during the time of war, or of keeping a military watch in such town or garrison, presume to discharge or shoot off any gun or guns after sun-setting, or before the sun’s-rising, unless in case of alarm, approach of an enemy, or other necessary defense; on pain that every person so offending, and being thereof convicted before one or more of his Majesty’s justices of the peace for this province, shall forfeit and pay the sum of five shillings, for each gun so discharged; one moiety thereof to the use of the poor of the town where the offence is committed, and the other moiety to him or them that shall inform or prosecute for the same. And if such offender shall not be able to pay the said fine, then he shall be set in the stocks by the space of two hours.




1759-76 N.H. Laws 63, An Act about Powder Money.

That every foreign ship or vessel above thirty tons, coming into any port or part of this province from over the sea to trade or traffick [sic], all or the major part of the owners whereof are not actually inhabitants of this province, shall, every voyage they make, pay two shillings in money per ton, or one pound of good gunpowder, for the supply of his Majesty’s fort and fortifications within this province, to be received by the treasurer, or such other person or persons as shall be appointed to receive the same.




1757 Va. Acts 334, An Act for Better Regulating and Disciplining the Militia, ch. 1

I. WHEREAS it is necessary, in this time of danger, that the militia of this Colony should be well regulated and disciplined, Be it therefore enacted, by the Lieutenant-Governor, Council, and Burgesses, of this present General Assembly… that from and after the passing of this Act every … officer, bearing any commission in the militia of this Colony, shall be an inhabitant of, and resident in, the County of which he is or shall be commissioned…IV. …that every person so as aforesaid enlisted (except free mulattoes, negroes, and Indians) shall be armed in the manner following, that is to say: Every soldier shall be furnished with a firelock well fixed, a bayonet fitted to the same, a double cartouch-box. . . .




1757 Mass. Acts 51, An Act in Addition to the Several Acts of This Province for Regulating the Militia, ch. 12

… That the Captain or Chief Officer of each military foot company, shall instruct and employ his Company in military exercises six days in a year . . . and on each of said days he shall make a strict enquiry into the state of the arms and ammunition of his Company . . . that every person from the age of sixteen to sixty, not exempted by law, shall appear with arms and ammunition according to law, and attend his duty each of the aforesaid days. . .




1749-51 Mass. Acts 339, An Act For Preventing And Suppressing Of Riots, Routs And Unlawful Assemblies, chap. 12, § 1

If any persons to the number of twelve or more, being armed with clubs or other weapons. . . shall be unlawfully, riotously, or tumultuously assembled . . . (Read riot act, if don’t disperse) . . . It shall be lawful for every officer . . . to seize such persons, and carry them before a justice of the peace; and if such persons shall be killed or hurt by reason of their resisting . . . officers and their assistants shall be indemnified and held guiltless.




Ordinances of the Corporation of the District of Southwark and the Acts of Assembly Relating Thereto Page 49, Image 47 (1829) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

[Ordinances of the District of Southwark,] An Act for the More Effectual Preventing [of] Accidents, etc. § 1. Be it enacted, That if any person shall fire any gun or other fire-arm, or shall make, or cause to be made, or sell or utter, or offer to expose to sale, any squibs, rockets or other fire-works, or shall cast, throw or fire any squibs, rockets or other fire-works, within any of the said towns or boroughs, without the Governor’s special license for the same, every such person or persons, so offending, shall be subject to the like penalties and forfeitures, and to be recovered in like manner, as in and by an act, passed in the eighth year of the reign of King George the first, entitled, “ An Act for Preventing Accidents, Etc




1750-1756 N.J Laws 444, An Act Regulating Taverns, Ordinaries, Inn Keepers and Retailers of Strong Liquors, ch. 112, § 4.

That if any Negro or Mulatto Slave or Slaves shall be seen or found from his or their Masters [sic] House, after the Hour of Nine at Night except on their Masters [sic] or Mistresses [sic] particular Business, or shall be seen to hunt, or carrying a Gun on the Lord’s Day; the Constable or Constables of such Town or Precinct, on Information or Knowledge thereof, shall and are hereby required and directed, to apprehend and carry such Negro and Mulatto Slaves before the next Justice of the Peace, who shall order such Negro or Mulatto Slave or Slaves, if found Guilty, to be whipped as by the preceding Clause of this Act is directed. Provided always, That nothing herein contained, shall be construed or taken, to prevent any Negro or Mulatto Slave from going to Church or Meeting, and attending on Divine Service or from Burying their Dead, with their Masters [sic] or Mistresses [sic] Consent.




1750 Pa. Laws 208, An Act For The More Effectual Preventing Accidents Which May Happen By Fire, And For Suppressing Idleness, Drunkenness, And Other Debaucheries

That if any persons or persons whatsoever, within any county town, or within any other town or borough, in this province, already built and settled, or hereafter to be built and settled . .. shall fire any gun or other fire-arm, or shall make or cause to be made, or sell or utter, or offer or expose for sale, any squibs, rockets or other fire-works, … within any of the said towns or boroughs without the Governor’s special license for the same, every such person or persons, so offending shall be subject to the like penalties and forfeitures, and to be recovered in like manner, as in and by an act, passed in the eighth year of the reign of King George the first, entitled, An act for preventing accidents that may happen by fire, are directed to be levied and recovered.