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William G. Bishop, Charter of the City of Brooklyn, Passed June 28, 1873. As Subsequently Amended. With the Charter of April 17, 1854, and the Amendments Thereto, and Other Laws Relating to Said City. Also, the Ordinances of the Common Council of the City of Brooklyn, as Codified and Revised and Adopted Dec.10, 1877 Page 192, Image 196 (1877) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

Ordinances of the [City of Brooklyn, Miscellaneous Provisions,] § 16. No person shall carry, or cause to be carried, any gunpowder through any street, lane or alley in the city, unless the same be secured in tight casks, kegs or cases, well headed and hooped; and said casks, kegs or cases shall be put into and entirely covered with a bag or case sufficiently to prevent any said gunpowder from being spilled or scattered, under the penalty of forfeiture of the gunpowder and a fine of fifty dollars for every violation of the provisions of this act.




Wade Keyes, The Code of Alabama, 1876 : with References to the Decisions of the Supreme Court of the State upon the Construction of the Statutes; and in Which the General and Permenent Acts of the Session of 1876-7 have been Incorporated Page 901, Image 917 (1877) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

Offenses Against Public Health, etc. § 4230 (3751). Selling, giving, or lending, pistol or bowie knife, or like knife, to boy under eighteen. – Any person who sells, gives, or lends, to any boy under eighteen years of age, any pistol, or bowie knife, or other knife of like kind or description, must on conviction, be fined not less than fifty, nor more than five hundred dollars.




1877 Ohio Laws 278, Offenses Against Public Policy, § 60.

Whoever, except in case of invasion by a foreign enemy, or to suppress insurrection or a mob, or for the purpose of raising the body of a person drowned, or for the purpose of blasting or removing rock, fires any cannon, or explodes at any time more than four ounces of gunpowder, upon any public street or highway, or nearer than ten rods to the same, shall be fined not more than fifty nor less than five dollars.




1877 Va. Acts 301, Carrying Concealed Weapons, ch. VI, § 7

If a person habitually carry about his person, hid from common observation, any pistol, dirk, bowie-knife, or any weapon of the like kind, he shall be fined not more than fifty dollars.




1877 Va. Acts 305, Offenses Against The Peace, § 21

If any person carrying any gun, pistol, bowie-knife, dagger, or other dangerous weapon, to any place of worship while a meeting for religious purposes is being held at such place, or without good and sufficient cause therefor, shall carry any such weapon on Sunday at any place other than his own premises, shall be fined not less than twenty dollars. If any offense under this section be committed at a place of religious worship, the offender may be arrested on the order of a conservator of the peace, without warrant, and held until warrant can be obtained, but not exceeding three hours.




J. M. Meech, Charter and Revised Ordinances of the City of Norwich With the Amendments Thereto, and Statutes of the State Relating to Municipal Corporations, in Force January 1st, 1877 Page 178, Page 185 (1876) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

Ordinances of Norwich. § 15. No person or persons shall fire any swivel, musket, fowling-piece, pistol, or other gun of any description within said city at a less distance than fifty rods from any dwelling house, or public highway, or street without written permission from the Mayor or one of the aldermen of said city; and every person so offending shall, for every such offence, forfeit and pay for the use of said city the sum of three dollars: Provided always, that nothing herein contained shall be construed to extend to the members of any military company when under the command of any military officer, not to prevent the firing of any gun or guns for the destruction of any noxious birds or animals by any person or persons upon his or their premises.




Mercer Beasley, Revision of the Statutes of New Jersey: Published under the Authority of the Legislature; by Virtue of an Act Approved April 4, 1871 Page 304, Image 350 (1877) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

An Act Concerning Disorderly Persons, § 2. And whereas, diverse ill-disposed persons are frequently apprehended, having upon them implements for house-breaking, or offensive weapons, or are found in or upon houses, warehouses, stables, barns or out-houses, areas of houses, coach-houses, smoke-houses, enclosed yards, or gardens belonging to houses (as well as places of public resort or assemblage), with intent to commit theft, misdemeanors or other offences; and although their evil purposes are thereby manifested, the power of the justices of the peace to demand of them sureties for their good behavior hath not been of sufficient effect to prevent them from carrying their evil purposes into execution; if any person shall be apprehended, having upon him or her any picklock, key, crow, jack, bit or other implement with an intent to break and enter into any building: or shall have upon him or her any pistol, hanger, cutlass, bludgeon, or other offensive weapon, with intent to assault any person; or shall be found in or near any dwelling house, warehouse, stable, barn, coach-house, smoke-house, or out-house, or in any enclosed yard or garden, or area belonging to any house, or in any place of public resort or assemblage for business, worship, amusement, or other lawful purposes with intent to steal any goods or chattels, then he or she shall be deemed and adjudged a disorderly person.




George H. Hand, The Revised Codes of the Territory of Dakota, A. D. 1877. Comprising the Codes and General Statutes Passed at the Twelfth Session of the Legislative Assembly, and All other General Laws Remaining in Force Page 798, Image 826 (1877) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources. (An entry for this law is included for both North and South Dakota because it passed during the Dakota Territory period.)

Penal Code – Discharging Firearms, § 495. Every person who willfully discharges any species of firearms, air-gun or other weapon, or throws any other missile in any public place, or in any place where there is any person to be endangered thereby, although no injury to any person shall ensue, is guilty of a misdemeanor.




1877 Nev. Stat. 87-88, An Act to Amend an Act Entitled “An Act Entitled An Act To Incorporate The Town Of Gold Hill,” Approved February Twenty-one, Eighteen Hundred and Seventy Three, ch 48, § 1, pt. 5.

The Board of Trustees shall have power . . . [t]o regulate the storage of gunpowder and other explosive or other combustible material.




George H. Hand, The Revised Codes of the Territory of Dakota. A.D. 1877. Comprising the Codes and General Statutes Passed at the Twelfth Session of the Legislative Assembly, and All Other General Laws Remaining in Force. To Which is Prefixed the Organic Law and the Constitution of the United States Page 732-733, Image 775-776 (1880) available at The Making of Modern Law: Primary Sources.

Duels and Challenges, § 294. Duel Defined. A duel is any combat, with deadly weapons, fought between two persons by previous agreement or upon a previous quarrel. § 295. Punishment for Fighting. Every person guilty of fighting any duel, although no death or wound ensues, is punishable by imprisonment in the territorial prison not exceeding ten years. § 296. Incapacity to Hold Office. Every person convicted of fighting a duel is thereafter incapable of holding, or being elected, or appointed to any office, place or post of trust or emolument, civil or military, under this territory. § 297. Seconds, Aids, and Surgeons. Every person who is present at the time when any duel is fought, either as second, aid or surgeon, or who advises, or gives and countenance to any duel, is punishable by imprisonment in the territorial prison not exceeding seven years. § 298. Punishment for Challenges. Every person who challenges another to fight a duel; every person who accepts any such challenge; and any person who knowingly forwards, carries or delivers any such challenge is punishable by imprisonment in the territorial prison not exceeding seven years. § 299. Challenge Defined. Any words, spoken or written, or any signs uttered or made to any person, expressing or implying, or intended to express or imply a desire, request, invitation, or demand, to fight a duel, or to meet for the purpose of fighting a duel, are deemed a challenge. § 300. Attempts to Induce Challenge. Every person guilty of sending, uttering, or making to another any words or signs whatever, with intent to provoke or induce such person to give or receive any challenge to fight a duel, is guilty of a misdemeanor. § 301. Posting for not fighting. Every person who posts or publishes another for not fighting a duel, or for not sending or accepting a challenge to fight a duel, or who uses any reproachful or contemptuous language, verbal, written, or printed, to or concerning another, for not sending or accepting a challenge to fight a duel, or with intent to provoke a duel, is guilty of a misdemeanor. § 302. Leaving Territory to Evade Laws. Every person who leaves this territory with intent to elude any of the provisions of this chapter, and to commit any act out of this territory, such as is prohibited by this chapter, and who does any act, although out of this territory, which would be punishable by said provisions, if committed within this territory, is punishable in the same manner as he would have been in case such act had been committed within this territory. § 303. Where tried. Such person may be indicted and tried in any county within this territory. § 304. Witnesses Privilege. No person shall be excused from testifying or answering any question upon any investigation or trial for a violation of either of the provisions of this chapter, upon the ground that his testimony might tend to convict him of a crime. But no evidence given upon any examination of a person so testifying shall be received against him in any criminal prosecution or proceeding.